Bernhard Severin Ingemann


Bernhard Severin Ingemann

Bernhard Severin Ingemann (May 28, 1789 – February 24, 1862), was a Danish novelist and poet.

Ingemann was born in Thorkildstrup, on the island of Falster, Denmark. The son of a vicar, he was left fatherless in his youth. While a student at the University of Copenhagen he published his first collection of poems (1811; vol. ii., 1812), which show great influence of German romanticism. Critics describe their sickly sentimentality as reflecting the unhealthy condition of the poet's body and mind at this time. These works were followed by a long allegorical poem, "De sorte Riddere" (The Black Knights, 1814), which closed his first period.

Then followed six plays, of which the best is considered to be "Reinald Underbamet" (The Miraculous Child Reinald, 1816), and the most popular, "Blanca", (1815). In 1817 he published his first prose work, "De Underjordiske, et bornholmsk Eventyr" (The Subterranean Ones, a Story of Bornholm), which was followed in 1820 by "Eventyr og Fortœllinger" (Narratives and Miraculous Tales), many of them imitations of Hoffmann.

During 1818-19 he traveled on the Continent, and in 1822 was appointed instructor of the Danish Language and Literature at the Academy of Sorø.

During his next period, inspired by Scott's Waverley novels, Ingemann produced his series of historical romances, by virtue of which he disputes with H. C. Andersen the title of the children's writer of Denmark. Their subjects are all taken from Danish history. The first, and perhaps the best, is "Valdemar Seir" (Valdemar the Victorious, 1826), which was followed by "Erik Menveds Bamdom" (Erik Menved's Childhood, 1828); "Kong Erik og de Fredløse" (King Erik and the Outlaws, 1833); and "Prins Otto af Danmark og Hans Samtid" (Prince Otto of Denmark and his Time, 1835).

While his historical romances show a lack of accuracy, their strong nationality gives them a special interest to the student of Danish culture. In reality they mean the introduction of the historical novel in Danish literature. A later artistic novel "Landsbybørnene" from 1852 ("The Village Children") is now almost forgotten.

Known as the fourth great Danish hymn writer (after Kingo, Brorson and Grundtvig). He is considered less rooted in Biblical dogma and more borne up by a general spiritual and religious interest. A simple naivete runs through them. Especially popular were his "Morgen og Aftensange" (Morning and Evening Songs), a collection of religious poems of great beauty and spirituality written during 1837-39. They were set to music by the composer Weyse. Many of them have been classics in Danish schools (for instance "I Østen stiger Solen op" – ”In the East the Sun rises” and "Fred hviler over Land og By" – ”Peace is resting over Land and Town”). Also his Christmas hymns are popular. He also wrote poems of historic and mythological content in the heroic saga Holger Danske (“Ogier the Dane”, 1837.

He was a personal friend of Grundtvig who was in some degrees his mentor and with whom he shared a deep interest of Danish Medieval history. Often they have been regarded almost mental twins in spite of clear differences. Also Blicher and H. C. Andersen must be mentioned among his friends.

Ingemann was in his elder years much respected and after the death of Oehlenschläger he was regarded the unofficial poet-king of Denmark. Critics cite Ingemann's grace and delicacy, rather than strength, of style, both in prose and poetry. He died in Sorø.

References

* Universal Cyclopædia & Atlas, 1902, New York, D. Appleton & Co.
* "Samlede Skrifter" (Collected Works, xli. vols., Copenhagen, 1843-65

External links

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bernhard Severin Ingemann — (* 28. Mai 1789 in Thorkildstrup auf der Insel Falster; † 24. Februar 1862 in Sorø) war ein dänischer Schriftsteller. Unter dem Einfluss der deutschen Romantik entstand seine Lyrik. Es folgten historische Romane, die an Walter Scott angelehnt… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bernhard Severin Ingemann — Activités Romancier Naissance 1789 Thorkildstrup, Falster,  Danemark Décès 1862 Sorø …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ingemann, Bernhard Severin — ▪ Danish author born May 28, 1789, Torkildstrup, Denmark died February 24, 1862, Sorø  historical novelist and poet whose works glorifying Denmark s medieval past were popular for generations. Most of Ingemann s many works have not won enduring… …   Universalium

  • INGEMANN, BERNHARD SEVERIN —    a Danish poet and novelist; in the latter regard took Scott for his model, his subjects being historical; was a man of varied literary ability (1789 1862) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

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  • Ingemann — Bernhard Severin Ingemann Bernhard Severin Ingemann (* 28. Mai 1789 in Thorkildstrup auf der Insel Falster; † 24. Februar 1862 in Sorø) war ein dänischer Schriftsteller. Unter dem Einfluss der deutschen Romantik entstand seine Lyrik. Es folgten… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Ingemann — Ingemann, Bernhard Severin, geb. 28. Mai 1789 in Torkildstrug auf Falster, wurde 1822 Lector der Ästhetik u. Dänischen Sprache in Soroe; er schr.: Digte, Kopenh. 1811 f., 2 Bde., u. Aufl. 1817; Procne, 1814; Reiselyren, 1820, 2 Bde.,… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ingemann — Ingemann, Bernhard Severin, dän. Dichter, geb. 28. Mai 1789 in Thorkildstrup (Falster), gest. 24. Febr. 1862 in Sorö, studierte in Kopenhagen, wurde 1822 Lektor und war 1843–49 Direktor der Akademie in Sorö. Seine ersten Werke: »Gedichte«… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ingemann — Ingemann, Bernhard Severin, geb. 1789 auf der Insel Falster, dän. Dichter, Lyriker, Epiker, Dramatiker, Romanschreiber, außerordentlich fruchtbar, von den Dänen besonders als Lyriker hochgeschätzt. (Gesammelte Schriften, Kopenh. 1843–55, etliche… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


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