Armistice


Armistice

An armistice is a situation where the warring parties agree to stop fighting. It is not necessarily the end of a war, but can instead be just a cease fire. It is derived from the Latin "arma", meaning weapons and "statium", meaning a stopping.

A truce or ceasefire usually refers to a temporary cessation of hostilities for an agreed limited time or within a limited area. A truce may be needed in order to negotiate an armistice.An armistice is a "modus vivendi" and is not the same as a peace treaty, which may take months or even years to agree on. The 1953 Korean War armistice [cite web
url=http://news.findlaw.com/hdocs/docs/korea/kwarmagr072753.html|accessdate=2007-01-04
title=Text of the Korean War Armistice Agreement |date=July 27, 1953
publisher=FindLaw
] is a major example of an armistice which has not yet been followed by a peace treaty.

The United Nations Security Council often imposes or tries to impose cease-fire resolutions on parties in modern conflicts. Armistices are always negotiated between the parties themselves and are thus generally seen as more binding than non-mandatory UN cease-fire resolutions in modern international law.

The key aspect in an armistice is the fact that "all fighting ends with no one surrendering". This is in contrast to an unconditional surrender, which is a surrender without conditions, except for those provided by international law. Fact|date=March 2008

Notable armistices in history

The most notable armistice, and the one which is still meant when people say simply "The Armistice", is the armistice at the end of World War I, on 11 November, 1918, signed near Compiègne, France, and effective at the "eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month." [cite web
url=http://www.firstworldwar.com/features/armistice.htm |accessdate=2007-01-04
title=The Armistice |date=1 May 2004
work=The War to End All Wars|publisher=FirstWorldWar.com
]

Armistice Day is still celebrated in some places on the anniversary of that armistice; alternatively November 11, or a Sunday near to it, may still be observed as a Remembrance Day. [cite web|accessdate=2007-01-04
url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/cbbcnews/hi/find_out/guides/uk/remembrance_day/newsid_2438000/2438201.stm
title=What is Remembrance Day?|publisher=CBBC Newsround
]

Other armistices in history are:
* Armistice of Copenhagen of 1537 ended the Danish war known as the Count's Feud.

* Armistice of Stuhmsdorf of 1635 between the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and Sweden.

* Peace of Westphalia of 1648 that ended the Thirty Years' War.

* World War I
** Armistice between Russia and the Central Powers, at Brest-Litovsk, 1917 (see Treaty of Brest-Litovsk)
** Armistice with Bulgaria, also known as the Armistice of Solun, September 1918
** Armistice with Germany (Compiègne), 1918
** Austrian-Italian Armistice of Villa Giusti ended the First World War on the Italian front in early November 1918
** Armistice of Mudros Between the Ottoman Empire and the Allies, 1918

* Armistice of Mudanya between Turkey, Italy, France and Britain and later Greece, 1922.

* World War II
** Armistice with France (Second Compiègne), 1940
** Armistice of Saint Jean d'Acre between British forces in the Middle East and Vichy France forces in Syria, 1941
** Armistice with Italy, 1943
** Moscow Armistice, signed by Finland and the Soviet Union on September 19, 1944 ending the Continuation War.
** (Germany implemented an unconditional surrender at the end of the war, immediately prior to V-E day)
** Japanese Instrument of Surrender

* 1949 Armistice Agreements between Israel and its neighbors Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria. [cite web|url=http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/2001/mideast/stories/history.maps/armistice.html
accessdate=2007-01-04|title=1949 Armistice|work=Middle East, Land of Conflict
publisher=CNN
]

* Korean War Armistice, July 1953.

* Armistice of Trung Gia signed by France and the Viet Minh on July 20, 1954 ending the First Indochina War.

* 1962 armistice in Algeria attempted to end the Algerian War.

References

External links

*cite web|url=http://www.firstworldwar.com/source/armisticeterms.htm |accessdate=2007-01-04
title=Allied Armistice Terms, 11 November 1918
work=The War to End All Wars |publisher=FirstWorldWar.com


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  • armistice — [ armistis ] n. m. • 1680; n. f. XVIIIe; lat. médiév. armisticium, de arma « armes » et sistere « arrêter », sur le modèle de interstitium « intervalle de temps » ♦ Convention conclue entre les belligérants afin de suspendre les hostilités. ⇒… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Armistice de 14-18 — Armistice de 1918 Cette photographie a été prise après la signature de l armistice à la sortie du « wagon de l Armistice » du train d État Major[1] du maréchal Ferdinand Foch (deuxième à partir de la droite) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • armistice — index cessation (interlude), halt, interruption, lull, pause, peace, treaty Burton s Legal Thesaurus …   Law dictionary

  • Armistice (EP) — Armistice Single par Armistice Sortie 14 février 2011 :  France 15 février 2011 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • armistice — ARMISTICE. subs. m. Suspension d armes. Un long armistice. Convenir d un armistice. Rompre l armistice. Armistice de quelques jours. L armistice ne fut pas de durée, ne tarda pas à cesser, à expirer …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie Française 1798

  • armistice — (n.) 1707, from Fr. armistice (1680s), coined on the model of L. solstitium (see SOLSTICE (Cf. solstice)), etc., from L. arma arms (see ARM (Cf. arm) (n.2)) + stitium (used only in compounds), from sistere cause to stand (see …   Etymology dictionary

  • Armistice — Ar mis*tice, n. [F. armistice, fr. (an assumed word) L. armistitium; arma arms + stare, statum (combining form, stitum), to stand still.] A cessation of arms for a short time, by convention; a temporary suspension of hostilities by agreement; a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • armistice — *truce, cease fire, peace …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • armistice — [n] peace establishing agreement ceasefire, suspension, treaty, truce; concepts 230,684 Ant. dispute, fight, war …   New thesaurus

  • armistice — ► NOUN ▪ a truce. ORIGIN French, from Latin arma armour, arms + stitium stoppage …   English terms dictionary

  • armistice — [är′mə stis] n. [Fr < L arma, arms (see ARM2) + stitium (as in solstitium, SOLSTICE) < sistere, to cause to stand, redupl. < stare, STAND] a temporary stopping of warfare by mutual agreement, as a truce preliminary to the signing of a… …   English World dictionary


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