- Shigetarō Shimada
Infobox Military Person
24 September 1883- 7 June 1976[Nishida, Imperial Japanese Navy]
caption= Admiral Shigetarō Shimada
Empire of Japan
branch=navy|Empire of Japan
IJN 3rd Fleet,
China Area Fleet, Kure Naval District, Yokosuka Naval District
Russo-Japanese War Battle of Tsushima Second Sino-Japanese War World War II
Order of the Golden Kite(2nd class), Order of the Sacred Treasures(1st class), Order of the Rising Sun(1st class)
laterwork=Minister of the Navynihongo|Shigetarō Shimada|嶋田繁太郎|Shimada Shigetarō|extra=
24 September 1883– 7 June 1976was an admiral in the Imperial Japanese Navyduring World War II. He also served as Navy Minister
A native of
Tokyo, Shimada graduated from the 32nd class of the Imperial Japanese Naval Academyin 1904. He was ranked 27th out of 192 cadets, and one of his fellow classmates was the famous admiral Isoroku Yamamoto.
Shimada served his
midshipmanduty aboard the submarine tender"Karasaki maru", and the cruiser"Izumi", participating in the Battle of Tsushimain the Russo-Japanese War.
After commissioning as a sub-lieutenant, he was assigned to the "Niitaka" and "Otowa". After his promotion to
lieutenanton 11 October 1909, he served on the battlecruiser"Tsukuba" and battleship "Settsu".
After graduating with highest honors from the Naval War College in December 1913, Shimada was promoted to
lieutenant commanderin December 1915 and assigned as an assistant naval attachéin Rome, Italyduring World War I.
Returning to Japan after the war, Shimada held various staff positions in the 1920s as a staff officer the
Imperial Japanese Navy General Staffin 1920, executive officerof the "Hyūga" in 1922, an instructor at the Naval War College in 1923 and commander of the 7th Submarine Division in 1926.
Shimada was promoted to
rear admiralon 30 November 1929, and assigned as Chief of Staff to the IJN 2nd Fleet. After Shimada was transferred to IJN 1st Fleetin December 1930, he served as Commandant of the Submarine School, before being assigned to the IJN 3rd Fleetin February 1932. As commander of the IJN 3rd Fleet, he participated in the First Shanghai Incident of 1932.
Returning to the
Imperial Japanese Navy General Staffas a senior staff officer in June 1932, he served as Chief of the Third and later served concurrently as Chief of the First Department from November 1932 until October 1933 when he assumed total command. Becoming Vice Chief of the Naval General Staff in December 1933, Shimada was promoted to vice admiralon 15 November 1934.
During the late-1930s Shimada's positions included commandant of the
Kure Naval District, commander in chiefof the IJN 2nd Fleet and China Area Fleetas well as commanding officer of the Yokosuka Naval District.
Shimada was named Minister of the Navy on
18 October 1941. During his term as Navy Minister, he knew of the plans for the attack on Pearl Harborand approved its implementation. Although largely regarded as a submissive lackey for his reputation of meek submissiveness and unquestioning loyalty to Prime Minister Hideki Tojo(which created considerably unpopularity and criticism among his naval associates, who would refer to him as "Tojo's Yurufun" ("Tojo's Droopy Drawers"), Tojo's "tea servant" or "briefcase carrier" behind his back), Shimada played an important role in working with Tojo in coordinating military operations between the Army and Navy during the early years of the Pacific War.
After a series of major Japanese losses,
Emperor Hirohitolost confidence in both the Army and Naval Chiefs of Staff. As such, Tojo was able to dismiss Chief of the Army General Staff Hajime Sugiyamaand Chief of the Naval General Staff Osami Nagano. Tojo assumed the role of Army Chief while Shimada became Naval Chief on 21 February 1944, concurrent with his position as Naval Minister. This reorganization made Shimada supreme commander of the Imperial Japanese Navy.
Shimada's power grab, however, gained him many enemies in the naval General Staff and the Emperor's court. Shimada's opponents continuously pressured Emperor Hirohito to dismiss him, citing that the navy was losing battle after battle under Shimada's direction. Hirohito finally made his displeasure with Shimada known to Tojo in July 1944, shortly after the fall of Saipan. Tojo immediately asked for Shimada's resignation, and replaced him as Navy Minister with
Mitsumasa Yonaion 17 Julyand as Chief of the General Navy Staff on 2 August.
Although appointed to the Supreme War Council, Shimada retired from active duty on
20 January 1945remaining in an advisory capacity for the remainder of the war.
After the war, Shimada was arrested by the SCAP authorities and charged with
war crimes. At the International Military Tribunal for the Far East, he was convicted and sentenced to life imprisonmentfor waging aggressive waragainst the United States, United Kingdom, China and the Netherlands. After the end of the American occupation of Japan, he was released on parole in 1955 by Prime Minister Ichiro Hatoyama.
last = Costello
first = John
year = 1965
title = The Pacific War
publisher = Harper Perennial
id = ISBN 0688016200
last = Bix
first = Herbert P
year = 2001
title = Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan
publisher = Harper Perennial
id = ISBN 0060931302
last = Toland
first = John
year = 2003
title = The Rising Sun: The Decline and Fall of the Japanese Empire, 1936-1945
publisher = Modern Library
id = ISBN 0812968581
last = Parrish
first = Thomas
coauthor= S. L. A. Marshall, ed.
year = 2001
title = The Simon and Schuster Encyclopedia of World War II
publisher = Simon and Schuster
location = New York
id = ISBN
last = Nishida
first = Hiroshi
url = http://homepage2.nifty.com/nishidah/e/px32.htm#a002
title = Imperial Japanese Navy
accessdate = 2007-02-25
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Shigetaro Shimada — Shigetarō Shimada Shimada, ministre de la Marine Shigetarō Shimada (嶋田繁太郎, Shimada Shigetarō), né le 24 septembre 1883, mort le 7 juin 1976, était un officier de marine japonais. Il fut notamment le Ministre de la marine, en charge de l… … Wikipédia en Français
Shigetarō Shimada — Shimada, ministre de la Marine Shigetarō Shimada (嶋田 繁太郎, Shimada Shigetarō? … Wikipédia en Français
Shigetaro Shimada — … Deutsch Wikipedia
Shimada Shigetaro — Shimada Shigetarō (jap. 嶋田繁太郎; * 1883; † 1976) war einer der Kommandeure der Kaiserlichen Japanischen Marine während des zweiten Weltkriegs. Leben Shimada Shigetarō Als Absolvent der japanischen Marineakademie, machte er in der kaiserlich… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Shigetarō — Shimada Shigetarō (jap. 嶋田繁太郎; * 1883; † 1976) war einer der Kommandeure der Kaiserlichen Japanischen Marine während des zweiten Weltkriegs. Leben Shimada Shigetarō Als Absolvent der japanischen Marineakademie, machte er in der kaiserlich… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Shimada Shigetarō — (jap. 嶋田 繁太郎; * 1883; † 1976) war einer der Kommandeure der Kaiserlich Japanischen Marine während des zweiten Weltkriegs. Leben Shimada Shigetarō Als Absolvent der japanischen Marin … Deutsch Wikipedia
Shimada (Begriffsklärung) — Shimada bezeichnet: Shimada (Frisur) auch Shimada mage, eine japanische Frisur Shimada ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Izumi Shimada (* 1948), japanischer Anthropologe und Archäologe Shimada Shigetarō (1883–1976), japanischer Admiral und … Deutsch Wikipedia
List of Japanese government and military commanders of World War II — In the administration of Japan dominated by the Imperial Way Faction movement during World War II, the civil central government of Japan was under the management of some military men, and of some civilians:Central governmentupreme head of… … Wikipedia
International Military Tribunal for the Far East — Tokyo Trial redirects here. For the film, see Tokyo Trial (film). International Military Tribunal for the Far East was convened at Ichigaya Court, formally Imperial Japanese Army HQ building in Ichigaya, Tokyo. The International Military Tribunal … Wikipedia
Tribunal militaire international pour l'Extrême-Orient — Le Tribunal militaire international pour l Extrême Orient TMIEO (ou Tribunal de Tōkyō ou encore Tribunal militaire de Tōkyō), fut créé le 19 janvier 1946 pour juger les grands criminels de guerre japonais de la Seconde Guerre mondiale … Wikipédia en Français