Donets Basin


Donets Basin
Simplified map of the Donets Basin on the map of Ukraine.
Map of the economic activity in the Donbas (filled with pink), including the Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk and Luhansk Oblasts.

Donbas (Ukrainian: Донбас) or Donbass (Russian: Донбасс), full rarely-used name Donets Basin (Ukrainian: Донецький басейн, translit. Donetskyi basein; Russian: Донецкий бассейн, translit. Donetskiy bassein), is a historical, economic and cultural region of eastern Ukraine. Originally a coal mining area, it has become a heavily industrialised territory suffering from urban decay and industrial pollution.

Contents

Geography

Donbas covers three adminitsrative oblasts (provinces) in the east of the country: easternmost part of the Dnipropetrovsk Oblast around the city of Pavlohrad (the so-called "Western Donbas"), northern and central part of Donetsk Oblast (southern part is perceived to be Pryazovia coastland) and southern part of Luhansk Oblast (northern part is perceived to be Slobozhanschyna). The city of Donetsk is considered the unofficial capital of Donbas.

Donbas may sometimes be referred to a larger supranational region also consisting a part of neighbouring Rostov Oblast in Russia. This is explained by the fact that Donets' coal basin geographically extends to that area (also specializing in coal mining), which sometimes called a "Russian Donbas". But the latter is of lesser economical and, most of all, sociopolitical significance compared to the part that after 1991 belongs to Ukraine.

History

The name of the region originates from the coal-field discovered in late 19th century which was named after the Donets river flowing across the region.

In 1676, the first town of the Donbas emerged: Solanoye (now Slavyansk) which was built for the profitable business of extracting newly-discovered rock-salt reserves. In 1721, vast and rich coal fields were found, which started the "industrial boom" which led to the flourish of the region in 18th–first half of 20th century.


See also

  • Kryvbas — an important economic region in central Ukraine
  • Ruhr Area — a comparable region in Central Europe
  • HC Donbass — an ice hockey team based in Donetsk bearing the name of the region

References

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Donets Basin — major industrial and coal producing region in the lower valley of the Donets River * * * or Donbas Large mining and industrial region, southeastern Ukraine and southwestern Russia. Notable for its coal and iron reserves, the exploited area of the …   Universalium

  • Donets Basin — major industrial and coal producing region in the lower valley of the Donets River …   English World dictionary

  • Donets Basin — /ˌdɒnɛts ˈbeɪsən/ (say .donets baysuhn), /daˌnjɛts/ (say dah.nyets) noun an area south of the Donets River, in Eastern Ukraine and south western Russia; important coalmining region and industrial area. 24 994 km2. Also, Donbass …   Australian English dictionary

  • Donets Basin — or Donbass or Donbas geographical name region E Ukraine SW of the Donets …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Donets Basin — noun an industrial region in the Ukraine • Syn: ↑Donbass, ↑Donbas • Instance Hypernyms: ↑geographical area, ↑geographic area, ↑geographical region, ↑geographic region • Pa …   Useful english dictionary

  • Donets River — River, southwestern Russia and eastern Ukraine. Rising in the Central Russian Upland, it winds south and east through Russia and Ukraine for some 650 mi (1,050 km) to join the Don River below Konstantinovsk. It flows along the northern Donets… …   Universalium

  • basin — basinal, adj. basined, adj. basinlike, adj. /bay seuhn/, n. 1. a circular container with a greater width than depth, becoming smaller toward the bottom, used chiefly to hold water or other liquid, esp. for washing. 2. any container of similar… …   Universalium

  • Donets — /deuh nets /; Russ. /du nyets /, n. 1. a river rising in the SW Russian Federation near Belgorod, flowing SE through Ukraine to the Don River. ab. 650 mi. (1045 km) long. 2. Also called Donets Basin. an area S of this river, in E Ukraine: coal… …   Universalium

  • Donets — /deuh nets /; Russ. /du nyets /, n. 1. a river rising in the SW Russian Federation near Belgorod, flowing SE through Ukraine to the Don River. ab. 650 mi. (1045 km) long. 2. Also called Donets Basin. an area S of this river, in E Ukraine: coal… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Seversky Donets River — Donetz redirects here. For the Soviet cargo ship, see SS Donetz. Seversky Donets Sviatohirsk Monastery in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine Origin Russia …   Wikipedia


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