Ferenc Kazinczy

Ferenc Kazinczy

Ferenc Kazinczy (October 27, 1759 –August 22, 1831) was a Hungarian author, the most indefatigable agent in the regeneration of the Magyar language and literature at the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th century. His name is today connected to the extensive Language Reform of the 19th century, when thousands of words were coined or revived, enabling the Hungarian language to keep up with scientific progress and become an official language of the nation in 1844.

He was born at Érsemjén (today Şimian, Romania), in the county of Bihar, Hungary. He studied law at Kassa and Eperjes, and in Pest, where he also obtained a thorough knowledge of French and German literature, and made the acquaintance of Gideon Raday, who allowed him the use of his library. In 1784 Kazinczy became subnotary for the county of Abaúj; and in 1786 he was nominated inspector of schools at Kassa. There he began to devote himself to the restoration of the Magyar language and literature by translations from classical foreign works, and by the augmentation of the native vocabulary from ancient Magyar sources. In 1788, with the assistance of Dávid Baróti Szabó and János Batsányi, he started at Kassa the first Magyar literary magazine, "Magyar Muzeum"; the "Orpheus", which succeeded it in 1790, was his own creation. Although, upon the accession of Leopold II, Kazinczy, as a non-Catholic, was obliged to resign his post at Kassa, his literary activity in no way decreased. He not only assisted Raday in the establishment and direction of the first Magyar dramatic society, but enriched the repertoire with several translations from foreign authors. His "Hamlet", which first appeared at Kassa in 1790, is a rendering from the German version of Schröder.

Implicated in the democratic conspiracy of the abbot Martinovics, Kazinczy was arrested in December 1794, and condemned to death; but the sentence was commuted to imprisonment. He was released in 1801, and shortly afterwards married Sophia Török, daughter of his former patron, and retired to his small estate at Széphalom or "Fairhill", near Sátor-Újhely, in the county of Zemplén. In 1828 he took an active part in the conferences held for the establishment of the Hungarian academy, in the historical section of which he became the first corresponding member. He died of cholera at Széphalom.

Kazinczy, although possessing great beauty of style, cannot be regarded as a powerful and original thinker; his fame is chiefly due to the felicity of his translations from the masterpieces of Lessing, Goethe, Wieland, Klopstock, Ossian, La Rochefoucauld, Marmontel, Molière, Metastasio, Shakespeare, Sterne, Cicero, Sallust, Anacreon, and many others. He also edited the works of Baróczy (Pest, 1812, 8 vols.) and of the poet Zrinyi (1817, 2 vols.), and the poems of Dayka (1813, 3 vols.) and of John Kis (1815, 3 vols.). A collected edition of his works, consisting for the most part of translations, was published at Pest, 1814-1816, in 9 vols. His original productions ("Eredeti Munkái"), largely made up of letters, were edited by Joseph Bajza and Francis Toldy at Pest, 1836-1845, in 5 vols. Editions of his poems appeared in 1858 and in 1863.

In 1873, a neo-classicistic memorial hall (mausoleum) and graveyard was built in Széphalom for his memory, based on the plans of the architect Miklós Ybl. Today it belongs to the Ottó Herman Museum. The Museum of the Hungarian Language is intended to be built here, whose cornerstone has been laid in the park.



Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ferenc Kazinczy — von Kazincz und Alsóregmecz (* 27. Oktober 1759 in Érsemjén; † 22. August 1831 in Széphalom) war ein von den Ideen der Aufklärung beeinflusster ungarischer Schriftsteller und Reformer der ungarischen Literatur und Sprache …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ferenc Kazinczy — Portrait par Joseph Kreutzinger. Activités Homme de lettres Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ferenc Kazinczy — Ferenc Kazinczy, pintado por Joseph Kreutzinger. Ferenc Kazinczy (27 de octubre de 1759 22 de agosto de 1831) fue un escritor húngaro, y el máximo promotor de la reforma lingüística y literaria que se produjo en ese país a finales del siglo XVIII …   Wikipedia Español

  • Kazinczy — Ferenc Kazinczy Ferenc Kazinczy von Kazincz und Alsóregmecz (* 27. Oktober 1759 in Érsemlye; † 22. August 1831 in Széphalom) war ein ungarischer Schriftsteller und Reformer der ungarischen Literatur und Sprache …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ferenc Kölcsey — (August 8, 1790 August 24, 1838) was a Hungarian poet, literary critic, orator, and politician, noted for his support of the liberal current inside the Austrian Empire. BiographyKölcsey was born in Szatmárcseke, Hungary. He was orphaned at an… …   Wikipedia

  • Ferenc Kölcsey — (retrato de Gusztáv Morelli). Ferenc Kölcsey (8 de agosto de 1790 24 de agosto de 1838) fue un poeta, crítico literario, orador y político húngaro, vinculado a las corrientes liberales dentro del Imperio austríaco …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ferenc Molnár — Ferenc Molnár, de son vrai nom Ferenc Neumann, né à Budapest le 12 janvier 1878 et mort à New York le 1er avril 1952 est un écrivain hongrois du XXe siècle …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ferenc Karinthy — est un écrivain hongrois né à Budapest le 2 juin 1921 et mort à Budapest le 29 février 1992. Il est le fils du célèbre écrivain et journaliste hongrois Frigyes Karinthy (1887 1938). Linguiste de formation, il est l auteur d’Epépé, roman à la… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ferenc Kölcsey — (né en 1790 à Sződemeter mort en 1838)[1] est un poète et un homme politique hongrois. Il est le compositeur des paroles l hymne national de Hongrie (réalisé en 1823). Notes et références ↑ …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ferenc Móra — The native form of this personal name is Móra Ferenc. This article uses the Western name order. Ferenc Móra (Kiskunfélegyháza, 19 July 1879 – Szeged, 8 February 1934) was a Hungarian novelist, journalist, and museologist. Ferenc Móra is… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.