List of central banks


List of central banks

This is a list of central banks.AlphanumericTOC
multiline=
numbers=
x=
top=
sec1=De facto independent countries
sec2=Countries without central banks

Central banks by country or region

A

*flag|AfghanistanDa Afghanistan Bank ("د افغانستان بانک")
*flag|AlbaniaBank of Albania ("Banka e Shqipërisë")
*flag|AlgeriaBank of Algeria ("بنك الجزائر")
*flag|AngolaCentral Bank of Angola ("Banco Nacional de Angola")
*flag|Anguilla – "see: Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States"
*flag|Antigua and Barbuda – "see: Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States
*flag|ArgentinaCentral Bank of Argentina ("Banco Central de la República Argentina")
*flag|ArmeniaCentral Bank of Armenia ("Հայաստանի Կենտրոնական Բանկ", Hayastani Kentronakan Bank)
*flag|ArubaCentral Bank of Aruba ("Centrale Bank van Aruba")
*flag|AustraliaReserve Bank of Australia
*flag|Austria – "see: European Union"
*flag|AzerbaijanNational Bank of Azerbaijan ("Azərbaycan Milli Bankı")

B

*flag|BahamasCentral Bank of The Bahamas
*flag|BahrainCentral Bank of Bahrain
*flag|BangladeshBangladesh Bank
*flag|BarbadosCentral Bank of Barbados
*flag|BelarusNational Bank of the Republic of Belarus ("Национальный банк Республики Беларусь")
*flag|Belgium – "see: European Union"
*flag|BelizeCentral Bank of Belize
*flag|Benin – "see: West African Economic and Monetary Union"
*flag|BermudaBermuda Monetary Authority
*flag|BhutanRoyal Monetary Authority of Bhutan
*flag|BoliviaCentral Bank of Bolivia ("Banco Central de Bolivia")
*flag|Bosnia and HerzegovinaCentral Bank of Bosnia and Herzegovina ("Centralna Banka Bosne i Hercegovine")
*flag|BotswanaBank of Botswana
*flag|BrazilCentral Bank of Brazil ("Banco Central do Brasil")
*flag|BruneiBrunei Currency and Monetary Board
*flag|Bulgaria – "see: European Union"
*flag|Burkina Faso – "see: West African Economic and Monetary Union
*flag|BurundiBank of the Republic of Burundi ("Banque de la République du Burundi")

C

*flag|CambodiaNational Bank of Cambodia
*flag|Cameroon – "see: Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa"
*flag|CanadaBank of Canada ("Banque du Canada")
*flag|Cape VerdeBank of Cape Verde ("Banco de Cabo Verde")
*flag|Cayman IslandsCayman Islands Monetary Authority
*flag|Central African Republic – "see: Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa
*CFP francOverseas Issuing Institute ("Institut d'émission d'Outre-Mer")
**flag|French Polynesia
**flag|New Caledonia
**flag|Wallis and Futuna
*flag|Chad – "see: Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa"
*flag|ChileCentral Bank of Chile ("Banco Central de Chile")
*flag|People's Republic of China|name=China, People's Republic ofPeople's Bank of China ("中国人民银行")
**flag|Hong Kong – "see: Hong Kong"
**flag|Macao – "see: Macau"
*flag|Republic of China|name=China, Republic of (Taiwan) – Central Bank of the Republic of China (Taiwan) ("中央銀行")
*flag|ColombiaBank of the Republic ("Banco de la República")
*flag|ComorosCentral Bank of the Comoros ("Banque Centrale des Comores")
*flag|Democratic Republic of the Congo|name=Congo, Democratic Republic ofCentral Bank of the Congo ("Banque Centrale du Congo")
*flag|Republic of the Congo|name=Congo, Republic of – "see: Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa"
*flag|Costa RicaCentral Bank of Costa Rica ("Banco Central de Costa Rica")
*flag|Cote d'Ivoire – "see: West African Economic and Monetary Union"
*flag|CroatiaCroatian National Bank ("Hrvatska narodna banka")
*flag|CubaCentral Bank of Cuba ("Banco Central de Cuba")
*flag|Cyprus – "see: European Union"As the Republic of Cyprus does not control the north of the island de facto, the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus has the Central Bank of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus ("Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti Merkez Bankası")]
*flag|Czech Republic – "see: European Union"

D

*flag|Denmark – "see: European Union"
*flag|DjiboutiCentral Bank of Djibouti ("Banque Centrale de Djibouti")
*flag|Dominica – "see: Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States"
*flag|Dominican RepublicCentral Bank of the Dominican Republic ("Banco Central de la República Dominicana")

E

*flag|East Timor - Central Bank of East Timor
*Economic and Monetary Community of Central AfricaBank of Central African States ("Banque des États de l'Afrique Centrale", BEAC)
**flag|Cameroon
**flag|Central African Republic
**flag|Chad
**flag|Republic of the Congo|name=Congo, Republic of
**flag|Equatorial Guinea
**flag|Gabon
*flag|EcuadorCentral Bank of Ecuador ("Banco Central del Ecuador")central bank tracks the monetary policy of the Federal Reserve of the USA]
*flag|EgyptCentral Bank of Egypt (البنك المركزي المصري)
*flag|El SalvadorCentral Reserve Bank of El Salvador ("Banco Central de Reserva de El Salvador")
*flag|Equatorial Guinea – "see: Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa"
*flag|EritreaBank of Eritrea
*flag|Estonia – "see: European Union"
*flag|EthiopiaNational Bank of Ethiopia
*flag|European Union / European System of Central Banks
**EurosystemEuropean Central BankEuropean Central Bank sets all monetary policies, and so these banks in actuality, are only "offices" of the European Central Bank, in charge of implementing ECB decisions and policy..]
***flag|AustriaAustrian National Bank ("Oesterreichische Nationalbank")
***flag|BelgiumNational Bank of Belgium ("Nationale Bank van België" / "Banque nationale de Belgique")
***flag|CyprusCentral Bank of Cyprus ("Κεντρική Τράπεζα της Κύπρου" / "Kıbrıs Merkez Bankası")
***flag|FinlandBank of Finland ("Suomen Pankki")
***flag|FranceBank of France ("Banque de France") [excluding New Caledonia, Wallis and Futuna and French Polynesia, which use the CFP franc.]
***flag|GermanyFederal Bank of Germany ("Deutsche Bundesbank")
***flag|GreeceBank of Greece ("Τράπεζα της Ελλάδος")
***flag|Republic of Ireland|name=IrelandCentral Bank and Financial Services Authority of Ireland ("Banc Ceannais agus Údarás Seirbhísí Airgeadais na hÉireann")
***flag|ItalyBank of Italy ("Banca d'Italia")
***flag|LuxembourgCentral Bank of Luxembourg ("Banque Centrale du Luxembourg")
***flag|MaltaCentral Bank of Malta ("Bank Ċentrali ta’ Malta")
***flag|NetherlandsNetherlands Bank ("De Nederlandsche Bank")
***flag|PortugalBank of Portugal ("Banco de Portugal")
***flag|SloveniaBank of Slovenia ("Banka Slovenije")
***flag|SpainBank of Spain ("Banco de España")
**Members of the European System of Central Banks, but not of the Eurosystem:
***flag|BulgariaBulgarian National Bank ("Българска народна банка")
***flag|Czech RepublicCzech National Bank ("Česká národní banka")
***flag|DenmarkNational Bank of Denmark ("Danmarks Nationalbank")
***flag|EstoniaBank of Estonia ("Eesti Pank")
***flag|HungaryHungarian National Bank ("Magyar Nemzeti Bank")
***flag|LatviaBank of Latvia ("Latvijas Banka")
***flag|LithuaniaBank of Lithuania ("Lietuvos Bankas")
***flag|PolandNational Bank of Poland ("Narodowy Bank Polski")
***flag|RomaniaNational Bank of Romania ("Banca Naţională a României")
***flag|SlovakiaNational Bank of Slovakia ("Národná banka Slovenska")
***flag|SwedenBank of Sweden ("Sveriges Riksbank") [The world's oldest central bank.]
***flag|United KingdomBank of England

F

*flag|FijiReserve Bank of Fiji
*flag|Finland – "see: European Union"
*flag|France – "see: European Union"
*flag|French Polynesia – "see: CFP franc"

G

*flag|Gabon – "see: Economic and Monetary Community of Central Africa"
*flag|GambiaCentral Bank of The Gambia
*flag|Germany – "see: European Union"
*flag|GeorgiaNational Bank of Georgia ("საქართველოს ეროვნული ბანკი")
*flag|GhanaBank of Ghana
*flag|Greece – "see: European Union"
*flag|Grenada – "see: Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States"
*flag|GuatemalaBank of Guatemala ("Banco de Guatemala")
*flag|GuineaCentral Bank of the Republic of Guinea ("Banque Centrale de la République de Guinée")
*flag|Guinea-Bissau – "see: West African Economic and Monetary Union"
*flag|GuyanaBank of Guyana

H

*flag|HaitiBank of the Republic of Haiti ("Banque de la République d'Haïti")
*flag|HondurasCentral Bank of Honduras ("Banco Central de Honduras")
* flag|Hong KongHong Kong Monetary Authority ("香港金融管理局")A special administrative region]
*flag|Hungary – "see: European Union"

I

*flag|IcelandCentral Bank of Iceland ("Seðlabanki Íslands")
*flag|IndiaReserve Bank of India
*flag|IndonesiaBank of Indonesia
*flag|IranCentral Bank of the Islamic Republic of Iran ("بانک مرکزی جمهوری اسلامی ايران")
*flag|IraqCentral Bank of Iraq ("بنك العراق المركزي")
*flag|Republic of Ireland|name=Ireland – "see: European Union"
*flag|IsraelBank of Israel ("בנק ישראל")
*flag|Italy – "see: European Union"

J

*flag|JamaicaBank of Jamaica
*flag|JapanBank of Japan ("日本銀行")
*flag|JordanCentral Bank of Jordan

K

*flag|KazakhstanNational Bank of Kazakhstan ("Қазақстан Ұлттық Банкі")
*flag|KenyaCentral Bank of Kenya
*flag|North Korea|name=Korea, Democratic People's Republic ofCentral Bank of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea ("조선민주주의인민공화국중앙은행")
*flag|South Korea|name=Korea, Republic ofBank of Korea ("한국은행")
*flag|Kosovo|name=Kosovo, Republic of - Central Bank of Kosovo ("Banka Qendrore e Kosovës")
*flag|KuwaitCentral Bank of Kuwait
*flag|KyrgyzstanNational Bank of the Kyrgyz Republic ("Кыргыз Республикасынын Улуттук Банкы")

L

*flag|LaosBank of the Lao Democratic People's Republic
*flag|Latvia – "see: European Union"
*flag|LebanonBanque du Liban ("مصرف لبنان")
*flag|LesothoCentral Bank of Lesotho
*flag|LiberiaCentral Bank of Liberia
*flag|LibyaCentral Bank of Libya ("مصرف ليبيا المركزي")
*flag|LiechtensteinNational Bank of Liechtenstein Because Liechtenstein is in currency union with Switzerland, the Swiss National Bank performs most duties ]
*flag|Lithuania – "see: European Union"
*flag|Luxembourg – "see: European Union"

M

*flag|MacauMonetary Authority of Macao ("澳門金融管理局")
*flag|Republic of Macedonia|name=Macedonia, Republic ofNational Bank of the Republic of Macedonia ("Народна банка на Република Македонија")
*flag|MadagascarCentral Bank of Madagascar ("Banque Centrale de Madagascar")
*flag|MalawiReserve Bank of Malawi
*flag|MalaysiaBank Negara Malaysia
*flag|MaldivesMaldives Monetary Authority
*flag|Mali – "see: West African Economic and Monetary Union"
*flag|Malta – "see: European Union"
*flag|MauritaniaCentral Bank of Mauritania ("Banque Centrale de Mauritanie")
*flag|MauritiusBank of Mauritius
*flag|MexicoBank of Mexico ("Banco de México")
*flag|MoldovaNational Bank of Moldova ("Banca Naţională a Moldovei") [Transnistria maintains its own bank, see #De facto independent countries] "
*flag|MongoliaBank of Mongolia
*flag|MontenegroCentral Bank of Montenegro ("Centralna Banka Crne Gore")
*flag|Montserrat – "see: Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States"
*flag|MoroccoBank Al-Maghrib ("بنك المغرب")
*flag|MozambiqueBank of Mozambique ("Banco de Moçambique")
*flag|MyanmarCentral Bank of Myanmar ("မ္ရန္‌မာနုိင္‌ငံတော္‌ဗဟုိဘဏ္‌")

N

*flag|NamibiaBank of Namibia
*flag|NepalCentral Bank of Nepal ("Nepal Rastra Bank")
*flag|Netherlands – "see: European Union"
*flag|Netherlands AntillesBank of the Netherlands Antilles ("Bank van de Nederlandse Antillen")Part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, but not of the EU.]
*flag|New Caledonia – "see: CFP franc"
*flag|New ZealandReserve Bank of New Zealand
*flag|NicaraguaCentral Bank of Nicaragua ("Banco Central de Nicaragua")
*flag|Niger – "see: West African Economic and Monetary Union"
*flag|NigeriaCentral Bank of Nigeria
*flag|NorwayBank of Norway ("Norges Bank")

O

*flag|OmanCentral Bank of Oman
*flagicon|OECS Organisation of Eastern Caribbean StatesEastern Caribbean Central Bank [Although the British Virgin Islands are members of the Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States, they do not use the Eastern Caribbean dollar as a de-facto currency.]
**flag|Anguilla
**flag|Antigua and Barbuda
**flag|Dominica
**flag|Grenada
**flag|Montserrat
**flag|Saint Kitts and Nevis
**flag|Saint Lucia
**flag|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

P

*flag|PakistanState Bank of Pakistan
*flag|PanamaNational Bank of Panama ("Banco Nacional de Panamá") Although, Panama does not have any official Central Bank.
*flag|Papua New GuineaBank of Papua New Guinea
*flag|ParaguayCentral Bank of Paraguay ("Banco Central del Paraguay")
*flag|PeruCentral Reserve Bank of Peru ("Banco Central de Reserva del Perú")
*flag|PhilippinesCentral Bank of the Philippines ("Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas")
*flag|Poland – "see: European Union"
*flag|Portugal – "see: European Union"

Q

*flag|QatarQatar Central Bank

R

*flag|Romania – "see: European Union"
*flag|RussiaCentral Bank of the Russian Federation ("Центральный банк Российской Федерации")
*flag|RwandaNational Bank of Rwanda ("Banque Nationale du Rwanda")

S

*flag|Saint Kitts and Nevis – "see: Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States"
*flag|Saint Lucia – "see: Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States"
*flag|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines – "see: Organisation of Eastern Caribbean States"
*flag|SamoaCentral Bank of Samoa
*flag|San MarinoCentral Bank of the Republic of San Marino ("Banca Centrale della Repubblica di San Marino")
*flag|São Tomé and PríncipeNational Bank of São Tomé and Príncipe ("Banco Nacional de São Tomé e Príncipe")
*flag|Saudi ArabiaSaudi Arabian Monetary Agency
*flag|Senegal – "see: West African Economic and Monetary Union"
*flag|SerbiaNational Bank of Serbia ("Народна банка Србије" / "Narodna banka Srbije")
*flag|SeychellesCentral Bank of Seychelles
*flag|Sierra LeoneBank of Sierra Leone
*flag|SingaporeMonetary Authority of Singapore
*flag|Slovakia – "see: European Union"
*flag|Slovenia – "see: European Union"
*flag|Solomon IslandsCentral Bank of Solomon Islands
*flag|Somalia – "None" [Since the collapse of the political system in Somalia in 1991, it is unclear whether the Central Bank of Somalia is still operating. There is no active website and news about the bank is rare.] [Somaliland maintains its own bank, see #De facto independent countries]
*flag|Somaliland - Bank of Somaliland
*flag|South AfricaSouth African Reserve Bank
*flag|Spain – "see: European Union"
*flag|Sri LankaCentral Bank of Sri Lanka
*flag|SudanBank of Sudan
*flag|SurinameCentral Bank of Suriname ("Centrale Bank van Suriname")
*flag|SwazilandCentral Bank of Swaziland
*flag|Sweden – "see: European Union"
*flag|SwitzerlandSwiss National Bank ("Schweizerische Nationalbank" / "Banque Nationale Suisse" / "Banca Nazionale Svizzera" / "Banca Naziunala Svizra")
*flag|SyriaCentral Bank of Syria ("مصرف سورية المركزي")

T

*flag|TajikistanNational Bank of Tajikistan ("Бонки миллии Тоҷикистон")
*flag|TanzaniaBank of Tanzania
*flag|ThailandBank of Thailand ("ธนาคารแห่งประเทศไทย")
*flag|Timor-LesteBanking and Payments Office of Timor-Leste ("Autoridade Bancária e de Pagamentos de Timor-Leste")
*flag|Togo – "see: West African Economic and Monetary Union"
*flag|TongaNational Reserve Bank of Tonga
*flag|Trinidad and TobagoCentral Bank of Trinidad and Tobago
*flag|TunisiaCentral Bank of Tunisia ("Banque Centrale de Tunisie")
*flag|TurkeyCentral Bank of the Republic of Turkey ("Türkiye Cumhuriyet Merkez Bankası")
*flag|TurkmenistanState Central Bank of Turkmenistan

U

*flag|UgandaBank of Uganda
*flag|UkraineNational Bank of Ukraine ("Національний банк України")
*flag|United Arab EmiratesCentral Bank of the United Arab Emirates ("مصرف الإمارات العربية المتحدة المركزي")
*flag|United Kingdom – "see: European Union"
*flag|United States of AmericaFederal Reserve System
*flag|UruguayCentral Bank of Uruguay ("Banco Central del Uruguay")
*flag|UzbekistanCentral Bank of the Republic of Uzbekistan ("O'zbekiston Respublikasi Markaziy Banki" / "Ўзбекистон Республикаси Марказий Банки")

V

*flag|VanuatuReserve Bank of Vanuatu
*flag|Vatican City – Institute for Religious Works ("Istituto per le Opere di Religione")
*flag|VenezuelaCentral Bank of Venezuela ("Banco Central de Venezuela")
*flag|VietnamState Bank of Vietnam ("Ngân hàng nhà nước Việt Nam")

W

*flag|Wallis and Futuna – "see: CFP franc"
*West African Economic and Monetary UnionCentral Bank of West African States ("Banque Centrale des États de l'Afrique de l'Ouest", BCEAO)
**flag|Benin
**flag|Burkina Faso
**flag|Cote d'Ivoire
**flag|Guinea-Bissau
**flag|Mali
**flag|Niger
**flag|Senegal
**flag|Togo

Y

*flag|YemenCentral Bank of Yemen

Z

*flag|Zambia - Bank of Zambia
*flag|Zimbabwe - Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe

De facto independent countries

*flag|Northern Cyprus - Central Bank of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus ("Kuzey Kıbrıs Türk Cumhuriyeti Merkez Bankası")
*flag|SomalilandBank of Somaliland ("Baanka Somaliland")
*flag|Transnistria - Transnistrian Republican Bank ("Приднестровский Республиканский Банк")

Countries without central banks

*flag|Andorra
*flag|Monaco

References

ee also

*Central banks and currencies of Africa
*Central banks and currencies of the Caribbean
*Central banks and currencies of Central America and South America

Also should be noted:
*World Bank groupndash In a sense, the central investment bank of the world (long term loans).
*International Monetary Fundndash Lender of last resort to countries short of liquidity (short term loans)
*Bank for International Settlementsndash an international organisation which fosters international monetary and financial cooperation and serves as a bank for central banks. http://www.bis.org/index.htm

External links

* [http://www.bis.org/cbanks.htm Bank for International Settlements' central bank website list]
* [http://www.gbanking.com gbanking.com - Global banking directory]
* [http://people.freenet.de/quickfirm/zentralbanken.html Links to Central Banks, Banking Supervion Authorities and Banking Associations]
* [http://www.europebanks.info/centralbanks.htm Links to Central Banks in Europe]


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