Walser German


Walser German

Infobox Language
name=Walser German
nativename=Walscher
region=the Alps
speakers=about 22,000
familycolor=Indo-European
fam2=Germanic
fam3=West Germanic
fam4=High German
fam5=Upper German
fam6=Alemannic German
fam7=Highest Alemannic
fam7=Highest Alemannic
iso1=-
iso2=gsw
iso3=wae
notice=nonotice
The Walser language, in German "Walserdeutsch", is a group of Highest Alemannic dialects spoken in Walser settlements in parts of Switzerland, Italy, Liechtenstein, and Austria.

It is possible to point out whether specific Walser dialects have originated in the Eastern dialects of the Wallis canton or in the Western dialects. Conservative Walser dialects are more similar to the respective groups of Walliser German dialects than to other Walser dialects.

Settlements that have been isolated within Romance regions have preserved a very archaic language. Settlements in German regions have linguistically assimilated to their neighbors, but these dialects still show certain similarities to the ones spoken in the Wallis.

The total number of speakers in all countries is reported to be 20,000 to 40,000, including 10,000 to 20,000 speakers in Switzerland, out of a population of 7.5 m (1980 C. Buchli), 3,400 in Italy (1978 Fazzini), 1,300 in Liechtenstein (1995 C. Buchli), and 5,000 to 10,000 in Austria (1995 C. Buchli). (Source: www.ethnologue.com)

distribution:
*Bernese Oberland: Lauterbrunnen, Mürren, Planalp
*Valais: Simplon, Gondo (Zwischbergen)
*valleys in the Monte Rosa massif:
**Gressoney: Gressoney-La Trinité, Gressoney-Saint-Jean, Issime, parts of the Val d'Ayas.
** Vercelli province: Alagna Valsesia, Rima (Rima-San Giuseppe), Rimella, Riva Valdobbia
** Verbano-Cusio-Ossola province: Formazza, Macugnaga, Salecchio, Ornavasso, Miggiandone, Agàro, Ausone, Campello-Monti
*Canton of Grisons: Rheinwald, Obersaxen, Vals GR, Signina (Gemeinde Riein, Safiental, Tenna, Valendas, Versam, Tschappina, Avers, Mutten, Schanfigg, upper Landwassertal, Davos, Prättigau
*Liechtenstein (probably settled from Prättigau): Triesenberg, Planken
*Canton of St. Gall: Calfeisental, Taminatal
*Vorarlberg and Tirol: Großes Walsertal, Kleines Walsertal; Tannberg, Schröcken, Lech and Warth, parts of Steeg in Tirol, Galtür and Ischgl in the Paznauntal, Brand, Bürserberg, Dünserberg, Ebnit, Laternsertal, Damüls, Silbertal
*Allgäu: Kleinwalsertal

External links

* [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=wae Ethnologue report for Walser]
*de icon [http://www.linguistik-online.com/20_04/russ.html The Bosco Gurin dialect]


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