- Walser German
notice=nonoticeThe Walser language, in German "Walserdeutsch", is a group of Highest Alemannic
dialectsspoken in Walsersettlements in parts of Switzerland, Italy, Liechtenstein, and Austria.
It is possible to point out whether specific Walser dialects have originated in the Eastern dialects of the
Wallis cantonor in the Western dialects. Conservative Walser dialects are more similar to the respective groups of Walliser Germandialects than to other Walser dialects.
Settlements that have been isolated within Romance regions have preserved a very archaic language. Settlements in German regions have linguistically assimilated to their neighbors, but these dialects still show certain similarities to the ones spoken in the Wallis.
The total number of speakers in all countries is reported to be 20,000 to 40,000, including 10,000 to 20,000 speakers in Switzerland, out of a population of 7.5 m (1980 C. Buchli), 3,400 in Italy (1978 Fazzini), 1,300 in Liechtenstein (1995 C. Buchli), and 5,000 to 10,000 in Austria (1995 C. Buchli). (Source: www.ethnologue.com)
Bernese Oberland: Lauterbrunnen, Mürren, Planalp
Valais: Simplon, Gondo( Zwischbergen)
*valleys in the
Gressoney: Gressoney-La Trinité, Gressoney-Saint-Jean, Issime, parts of the Val d'Ayas.
Vercelliprovince: Alagna Valsesia, Rima( Rima-San Giuseppe), Rimella, Riva Valdobbia
Verbano-Cusio-Ossolaprovince: Formazza, Macugnaga, Salecchio, Ornavasso, Miggiandone, Agàro, Ausone, Campello-Monti
Canton of Grisons: Rheinwald, Obersaxen, Vals GR, Signina (Gemeinde Riein, Safiental, Tenna, Valendas, Versam, Tschappina, Avers, Mutten, Schanfigg, upper Landwassertal, Davos, Prättigau
Liechtenstein(probably settled from Prättigau): Triesenberg, Planken
Canton of St. Gall: Calfeisental, Taminatal
Vorarlbergand Tirol: Großes Walsertal, Kleines Walsertal; Tannberg, Schröcken, Lechand Warth, parts of Steeg in Tirol, Galtürand Ischglin the Paznauntal, Brand, Bürserberg, Dünserberg, Ebnit, Laternsertal, Damüls, Silbertal
* [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=wae Ethnologue report for Walser]
*de icon [http://www.linguistik-online.com/20_04/russ.html The Bosco Gurin dialect]
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