- Sex reassignment surgery in Thailand
Thailandis believed to have the largest number of Male-to-female transsexuals per capita in the world.Fact|date=March 2007 A number of international Transsexuals opt to travel to Thailand in order to pursue male-to-female sex reassignment surgery operations.
Transsexualism in Thailand
Westerners traveling to Thailand
Western transsexuals travel to Thailand for
sex reassignment surgerybecause, under existing Thai law, it is not necessary to comply with the Standards of Care (SOC) as set by the Harry Benjamin International Gender Dysphoria Association.
surgeons set their own standards, which may include full compliance with the SOC,Fact|date=March 2007 other surgeons may accept patients based on one or two psychiatric referrals asserting that the patient is diagnosed as transsexual, and is competent to understand the irreversible nature of surgery.
Advantages for Westerners
These rules can be a major benefit for transsexuals who do not meet the criteria of the SOC. Other reasons for traveling to Thailand include lack of funding to pay for
surgery, poor access to psychiatric therapy, living in an area where there are no qualified therapists, or patients who do not wish to complete a full Real Life Test.
The cost of surgery is generally considered less in Thailand than in the
USAor Australia. Procedure costs can vary in Thailand from from 900 USD- 21,000USD depending on the surgeon. The same procedure in the USA generally costs around 6,000USD, and around 17,000 AUD
Disadvantages for Westerners
Unfortunately, bypassing the SOC can lead to people who are not transsexuals obtaining surgery, and it is feared that this will increase the rate of regret.Fact|date=March 2007 The lack of psychiatric support may cause transsexuals to undergo surgery before fully working through issues of employment, family and social networks.
There are some concerns in regard to the quality of Surgery in Thailand. Although some surgeons have an excellent reputation [http://ai.eecs.umich.edu/people/conway/conway.html Lynn Conway's homepage] ] [http://www.annelawrence.com/ Transsexual Women's Rescources] ] a number of surgeons have been reported to perform only the most basic of operations, provide little follow-up, and leave patients with barely functioning genitalia.Fact|date=March 2007
Surgery in Thailand
Gender Reassignment is regarded as a common procedure in Thailand. There are over 170 active surgeons.
Two local association provide education or certification for surgeons doing SRS. "
The Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons of Thailand" and " The Thai Academy of Cosmetic Surgery and Medicine".
* [http://www.tsroadmap.com/ TS Roadmap]
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