- Sampson Gamgee
Dr Joseph Sampson Gamgee, MRCS, FRSE (born
17 April, 1828, Livorno, Italy; died 18 September, 1886) was a surgeon at the Queen's Hospital (later the General Hospital) in Birmingham, England. He pioneered aseptic surgery (having once shared lodgings with Joseph Lister), and, in 1880 invented Gamgee Tissue, an absorbent cotton wooland gauze surgical dressing. He was known as Sampson Gamgee.
He was the son of Joseph Gamgee, a veterinary surgeon and the sibling of Dr
John Gamgee, inventor and Professor of Anatomy and Physiology at Dick Veterinary College, Edinburghand Dr Arthur Gamgee, Fullerian Professor of Physiology and Comparative Anatomy at The Royal Institution of Great Britain, London. Sampson's son Dr Leonard Parker Gamgeewas also a renowned surgeon of Birminghamand his nephew (son of his sister Fanny Gamgee) was Prof Sir D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson(1860-1948).
In 1883 he founded the
Birmingham Hospital Saturday Fundwhich raised money for various hospitals in Birmingham from overtime earnings given by workers on nominated "Hospital Saturdays". It was the first such fund to raise money in this way for multiple hospitals. Sampson was also the first president of the Birmingham Medical Institute.
He gave his name (indirectly, via the tissue) to the hobbit
Sam Gamgeein J. R. R. Tolkien's " The Lord of the Rings".There is a blue plaquecommemorating him on the Birmingham Repertory Theatre.
*"65 Years' History of the Birmingham Saturday Holiday Fund 1873-1938", Journal Printing Office, Cannon Passage, Birmingham, 1938
* [http://www.whonamedit.com/doctor.cfm/2792.html Biography and bibliography]
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Gamgee — may refer to: *John Gamgee, English physician, developer of Glaciarium and Zeromotor, a perpetual motion machine *Arthur Gamgee, English physiologist *Sampson Gamgee (1828 – 1886), English physician *Gamgee Tissue, a type of surgical tissue… … Wikipedia
Gamgee Tissue — is a surgical dressing invented by Dr. Joseph Sampson Gamgee in Birmingham, England, in 1880.Gamgee Tissue has a thick layer of absorbent cotton wool between two layers of absorbent gauze. It represents the first use of cotton wool in a medical… … Wikipedia
Gamgee tissue — Gam·gee tissue (gamґje) [Joseph Sampson Gamgee, British surgeon, 1828â€“1886] see under tissue … Medical dictionary
Gamgee — Joseph Sampson, British surgeon, 1828–1886. See G. tissue … Medical dictionary
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