- Hiram Bingham I
:"This article is about the Hawaiian missionary. otheruses3 | Bingham"
Hiram Bingham (1789 - 1869), born in
Bennington, Vermont, was in the first group of Protestantmissionaries to introduce Christianityto the Hawaiian islands. Bingham is descended from Deacon Thomas Binghamwho had come to the American colonies in 1650 and settled in Connecticut. He attended Middlebury Collegeand the Andover Theological Seminary. [cite journal | author=Sarah Johnson and Eileen Moffett | title=Lord, Send Us | journal=Christian History & Biography | year=Spring 2006 | volume=90 | pages=37–38 ] He broke off an engagement and found a new bride, Sybil Mosley, in order to become a missionary. He was sent as a missionary by the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions.
Bingham and his wife arrived in Honolulu in 1820 aboard the brig Thaddeus. In 1823, King Ka'ahumanu and six high chiefs requested baptism. Soon after, the king banned prostitution and drunkenness, which resulted in the shipping industry and the foreign community resenting Bingham's spiritual impact (Fortune 2000:188). Bingham was involved in the creation of the spelling system for Hawai'an and also translated some books of the Bible into the language (Stowe 1998).
The board grew concerned that he was interfering too often in Hawaiian politics. The Binghams returned to New England in the 1840s for what was intended to be a sabbatical due to Sybil's poor health, but the board refused to reappoint him as a missionary even after Sybil's death in 1848. He published a memoir, "A Residence of Twenty-One Years in the Sandwich Islands" in 1847. He remained in New England as the pastor of an African American church. He remarried in 1851, running a seminary. He is buried at
Grove Street Cemetery, in New Haven, Connecticut.
Bingham designed the
Kawaiahaʻo Church, on the Hawaiian Island of Oʻahu. The church which was constructed between 1836 and 1842, was in the New England style of the Hawaiian missionaries and is one of the oldest standing Christian places of worship in Hawaiʻi.
Hiram Bingham II, was also a missionary to the Kingdom of Hawai'i; his grandson Hiram Bingham IIIwas an explorerwho discovered Machu Picchuand became a US Senator and Governor of Connecticut, and his great-grandson Hiram Bingham IVwas the US Vice Consul in Marseille, Franceduring World War IIwho rescued Jews from the Holocaust.
libship honor|name=Hiram Bingham|type=his, hull no. 1726.
*Fortune, Kate. 2000. Hiram Bingham. "The Pacific Islands: An Encyclopedia", ed. by Brij V. Lala and Kate Fortune, p. 188. University of Hawai'i Press.
* Miller, Char, ed. 1988. "Selected writings of Hiram Bingham, Missionary to the Hawaiian Islands - To Raise the Lord's Banner". Lewiston, NY: E. Mellen Press.
* Stowe, David. 1998. Bingham, Hiram. "Biographical Dictionary of Christian Missions", ed. by Gerald H. Anderson, p. 63, 64. New York: Simon & Schuster MacMillan.
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