Super 1600


Super 1600

Motorsport formula

pixels =
caption =
category = Rallying
country/region = International
championships = Various
inaugural = 2001
status = Active
folded =
current champions = flagicon|SWE Per-Gunnar Andersson [The 2007 winner of the Junior World Rally Championship.]

Super 1600 is a rally car formula that is primarily used in the Junior World Rally Championship, as well as various national rally championships. Any automobile manufacturer that has a suitable road-going production model in its range may develop a specification for use in this formula. It was devised by the Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile (the international governing body of motorsport) in 2000 and first saw competitive use in 2001. Super 1600 is intended to provide a young driver's entry point into international rallying,and the World Rally Championship in particular.

Technical details

Eligibility

Most FIA-approved rally car formulae are in some way production-based, from Super 1600 to World Rally car specification. This necessitates a process of homologation in which a suitable production road car design is modified within the limits of a formula's technical regulations. Such changes may include modified or entirely new parts in the engine, gearbox, suspension, bodywork and so on. In the Super 1600 formula, "suitable" is defined as a passenger car that has one driven axle (two-wheel drive) and a 4-cylinder engine that is of naturally-aspirated configuration with a maximum volume of 1640cc. [ [http://www.fia-nez.eu/pdf/regulations/reg_nezchamp06_rc.pdf Super 1600 Technical Regulations, 2006] "Articles 4.1-4.4".] At the time of homologation, the car must currently or have previously been in serial production. [ [http://www.fia-nez.eu/pdf/regulations/reg_nezchamp06_rc.pdf Super 1600 Technical Regulations, 2006] "Article 1.1".]

The direct involvement of manufacturers is not necessary for homologation to be granted; in most forms of production-based motorsport, it is quite common for cars to be developed by independent constructors and specialist teams. Even official factory-supported development programs are often outsourced to an experienced third party. The Citroën C2 is an example of in-house development; the Ford Fiesta was developed by a contracted specialist (M-Sport); and the Opel Corsa was developed independently without assistance from GM. [ [http://www.corsasuper1600.com/spec.asp Corsa S1600 Specification] "corsasuper1600.com". Retrieved on April 21 2007.]

Modifications

The production car's standard gearbox is replaced by a sequential manual gearbox with a maximum of six forward ratios. The engine may be modified (with the exception of the cylinder block and head) to produce a maximum power output of 230hp and the exhaust is subject to a noise restriction of 100dB at 4500rpm. [ [http://www.fia-nez.eu/pdf/regulations/reg_nezchamp06_rc.pdf Super 1600 Technical Regulations, 2006] "Article 4.7".]

As with the World Rally Car specification, Super 1600 requires a production-standard bodyshell that is made safe for competition with the addition of a roll cage. Certain other modifications can be made to increase the width of the bodywork and improve its aerodynamic efficiency. The weight of the competition car is reduced to a minimum of 980kg, with a lower minimum weight of 920kg if an engine with only two valves per cylinder is employed. [ [http://www.fia-nez.eu/pdf/regulations/reg_nezchamp06_rc.pdf Super 1600 Technical Regulations, 2006] "Article 12".] In most cases, this is approximately 50 to 100kg less than the weight of the production car version; the 1.6ltr Citroën C2, for example, weighs 1084kg. [ [http://www.citroen.co.uk/level4/technicalSpecification.asp?pagetype=c2&style=&infoID=21 C2 Technical Specifications] "citroen.co.uk". Retrieved on April 22 2007.]

1600 homologations

This table shows the most notable S1600 cars that have competed at international level.

ee also

*Super 2000
*Group N

Notes and references


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