- Mazda Carol
Mazda Carol Manufacturer Mazda Production 1962-1970
Successor Mazda Chantez (1972-1976) Class Kei car Body style 2-door sedan
Mazda Carol (KPDA) Also called Mazda P360 Production 1962.02-1970.08 Engine 358 cc DA OHV I4
The Mazda R360 was complemented by the more grown-up 2-door sedan Mazda P360 Carol in February 1962, the company's first 4-passenger car. It was more substantial than the R360: although its total length of 2,980 mm (117.3 in) was the same, its 1,930 mm (76.0 in) wheelbase was considerably longer. The Carol weighed in at 525 kg (1,157 lb), versus 380 kg (838 lb) for the diminutive R360. It used the DA, a 18 PS (13 kW), rear-mounted water-cooled 358 cc 4-cylinder OHV engine. This is one of the smallest 4-cylinder automobile engines in history, only Honda's 356 cc DOHC alloy 4-cylinder unit (used in the T360 truck) was smaller. The four-speed gearbox was synchronized on the top three gears.
The Carol was perhaps overengineered: it had a very strong monocoque body, a four-cylinder four-stroke engine with a five-bearing crankshaft and four-wheel independent suspension by torsion bars, but this led to high production costs, comparably high weight, and its very comfortable ride was offset by cramped accommodation. Nonetheless, the Carol was an incredible success in the marketplace, capturing 67% of the Kei market in its first year. A better equipped DeLuxe version was added in May 1962, along with a changed angle of the rear window to help it stay clean. In September 1963, shortly after a reshaped combustion head and upgrade to 20 PS (15 kW), a four-door version appeared.
In October 1966 a minor facelift took place. The car was lightened somewhat, new bumpers were mounted, and the spare tire was moved from the front to the engine room, freeing up scarce luggage space. Also, the gearbox was now fully synchronized. The last modification took place in 1969, when in response to stricter safety standards a driver's side headrest and provisions for seatbelts were fitted. Production continued until August 1970, by which time 265,226 Carol 360s had been built. Mazda did not offer a Kei class passenger car for two years, until the 1972 introduction of the Chantez.
Carol 600 (1962-1964)
Mazda Carol 600 Also called Mazda P600 Production 1962.11-1964 Body style 2-door sedan Engine 586 cc RA OHV I4
The Carol 600 appeared in the fall of 1962 with a larger 586 cc RA OHV engine and longer at 3,200 mm. The extra length was due to more prominent bumpers, passenger space was as restricted as in the 360. Weight ranged from 560 to 585 kg (1,235 to 1,290 lb). It was also available as a 4-door sedan, ahead of the lesser Carol 360. The car was called the "600" or "P600" in export markets. At home, there was a Standard 2-door, and DeLuxe 2-dr/4-dr versions. Production ended in November 1964, after the introduction of the Mazda Familia 800 sedan version. Around 8,800 Carol 600s were built.
Autozam Mk I (1989-1990)
Autozam Carol AA5XA Production 1989.10-1990.02 Body style 2-door sedan Engine 547 cc F5B I3 Curb weight 580–630 kg (1,279–1,389 lb) Related Suzuki Alto
With the revival of the Kei class in the late eighties, Mazda revived the Carol name for its 1989 Autozam Carol. The recently introduced Autozam was to be Mazda's youthful brand and was used on Mazda's kei cars for some time. The Carol was produced for Mazda by Suzuki, and while it used the Suzuki Alto's platform and mechanicals, its interior and boldly curved exterior were largely unique. Its round headlights and cute appearance were very much a product of its time and followed upon the heels of similar designs such as Nissan's Be-1 and Pao. It was either front (AA5PA) or all-wheel drive (AA5RA) and its SOHC 547 cc 3-cylinder Suzuki F5B engine produced 40 PS (29 kW) at 7,500 rpm. The Carol had a 2,335 mm (92 in) wheelbase for a total length of 3,190 mm (126 in) and was 1,295 mm (51 in) wide. Brakes were discs up front and drums in rear.
Equipment levels were e, f (also 4WD), and the top g version. The g featured a Canvas Top. Four-wheel drives received a five-speed gearbox, while the front-wheel drive versions received a four- or five-speed manual or a three-speed auto. 550 cc Carols are rare, as production ended after only five months. New Kei car regulations for 1990 allowed manufacturers a bigger engine and an extra 10 cm of body length, and Mazda quickly brought out an updated Carol.
Autozam Mk II (1990-1994)
Autozam Carol AA6XA Production 1990-1994 Body style 2-door sedan Layout FF layout Engine 657 cc F6A I3 Related Suzuki Alto
New regulations brought about the replacement of the 1989 Carol within 4 months. The new car was 6 cm longer and used a larger 657 cc Suzuki F6A engine with 52 PS (38 kW). The car is easy to tell from its predecessor by its clear headlight covers. In 1991, Mazda offered a 61 PS (45 kW) turbocharged engine, and the car was lengthened to 329 cm in 1992.
Carol Mk III
Autozam Carol Mk III Production 1995-1998 Engine 657 cc F6A I3 Related Suzuki Alto
An updated Autozam Carol came out in October 1995 as a 1996 model. Again, it was front or all-wheel drive and still riding on the same platform.
Mazda Carol Mk III Production 1999-2000 Engine 658 cc I3 Related Suzuki Alto
An entirely new Carol appeared in October 1998 as a 1999 model, this time with the Mazda brand name. Unlike previous Carols, this model was similar to the Suzuki Alto. This Carol was available with either front or all-wheel drive and used the old 657 cc F6A engine or a new 658 cc DOHC unit. It was closely related to the AZ-Offroad and AZ-Wagon introduced at the same time.
Mazda Carol Mk IV Production 2001-2003 Engine 658 cc I3 Related Suzuki Alto
The Carol was updated with a new look for 2001. Emissions (with a new VVT engine) and safety were also improved.
Mazda Carol Mk V Production 2004-2009 Related Suzuki Alto
As Suzuki released a replacement for the Suzuki Alto, the rebadged Mazda Carol was also replaced.
Mazda Carol Mk VI Production 2010- Related Suzuki Alto
Available with AWD and CVT
- ^ a b 360cc: Nippon 軽自動車 Memorial 1950→1975 [Nippon Kei Car Memorial 1950-1975]. Tokyo: Yaesu Publishing. 2007. pp. 58–59. ISBN 978-4-86144-083-0.
絶版車カタログ 国産車編 Part1 1950~1969 (Eichi Mook) [Japanese Vintage Car Guide: Car Catalog part 1, 1950–1969]. Tokyo: Eichi Publishing (英知出版). 1996. p. 62. ISBN 4-7542-5055-9.
- ^ Quattroruote Speciale: Tutte le Auto del Mondo 1967. Milano: Editoriale Domus S.p.A. February 1967. pp. 173–174.
- ^ Rees, Chris (1995). Microcar Mania. Minster Lovell & New Yatt, Oxfordshire, UK: Bookmarque Publishing. p. 80. ISBN 1-870519-18-3.
- ^ Nippon Kei Car Memorial, p. 61.
- ^ a b "Encyclopedia of Carol". Mazda Carol-360 Page. http://mycarol.hp.infoseek.co.jp/carol-2.htm. Retrieved 2010-10-05.
- ^ Car Graphic: Car Archives Vol. 5, '70s Japanese Cars. Tokyo: Nigensha. 2007. p. 89. ISBN 978-4-544-09175-5.
- ^ Rees, pp. 80–81
- ^ "Mazda Carol (1989.10-1990.02) Catalog" (in Japanese). CarSensor Lab. http://catalog.carsensorlab.net/mazda/carol/f001/m001/. Retrieved 2010-10-07.
« previous — Mazda road car timeline, 1990s–present Type 1990s 2000s 2010s 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 Kei car Carol Carol Carol Carol Carol AZ-Wagon AZ-Wagon AZ-Wagon AZ-Wagon AZ-Offroad Spiano Scrum Scrum/Scrum Wagon Scrum/Scrum Wagon Subcompact Revue/121 Demio/121 Demio/Mazda2 Demio/Mazda2 Verisa Compact Familia/323/Protegé Familia/323/Protegé Familia/323/Protegé Axela/Mazda3 Axela/Mazda3 Familia Van Familia Van Familia Van Mid-size Capella/626 Capella Capella/626 Atenza/Mazda6 Atenza/Mazda6 Cronos/626/Xedos 6/Eunos 500 Eunos 800/Xedos 9/Millenia Mazda6 (N.America) Full-size Sentia/929/Efini MS-8 Sentia Sports car AZ-1 MX-3 Precidia Roadster/MX-5/Miata Roadster/MX-5/Miata Roadster/MX-5 MX-6/Mystère MX-6/Mystère/Efini MS-6 RX-7 Efini RX-7/RX-7 RX-8 Cosmo Minivan Premacy Premacy/Mazda5 Premacy/
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