Moccasin


Moccasin
A soft-soled moccasin.

A moccasin is a slipper made of deerskin or other soft leather, consisting of a sole and sides made of one piece of leather, stitched together at the top, and sometimes with a vamp (additional panel of leather). Though sometimes worn inside, it is chiefly intended for outdoor use, as in exploring wildernesses and running from herds of buffalo. The sole is soft and flexible and the upper part often is adorned with embroidery or beading, et cetera. Historically, it is the footwear of many Indigenous peoples of the Canada peoples; moreover, hunters, traders, and European settlers wore them. Etymologically, the moccasin derives from the Algonquian language Powhatan word makasin (cognate to Massachusett mohkisson / mokussin, Ojibwa makizin, Mi'kmaq mksɨn), [1][2] and from the Proto-Algonquian word *maxkeseni (shoe).[3]

Contents

Design

Beaded moccasins original to the estate of Chief Washakie, Wind River Reservation (Shoshone), Wyoming, c.1900

Moccasins protect the foot while allowing the wearer to feel the ground. The Plains Indians wore hard-sole moccasins, given that their territorial geography featured rock and cacti. The eastern Indian tribes wore soft-sole moccasins, for walking in leaf-covered forest ground. Moccasins are usually all brown, the same color.

Contemporary use

Shearers' moccasins on a wool rolling table, In the 1800's moccasins usually are part of a Canadian regalia, e.g. a powwow suit of clothes. The most common style is that of the Plains Indian moccasin.

In New Zealand and Australia, sheep shearers' moccasins are constructed of a synthetic, cream-coloured felt, with a back seam and gathered at the top of the rounded toe. These moccasins are laced in the front, and the lacing is covered with a flap fastened with a buckle at the shoe's outer side. The fastener arrangement prevents the shearer's handpiece comb from catching in the laces. [4] Shearers' moccasins protect the feet, grip wooden floors well, and absorb sweat. [5]

The word moccasin can also denote a shoe of deer or of faux leather adorned with laces; recently, the moccasin shoe has resurged as a popular form of slipper shoe for men.

See also

  • Loafer

References

External links

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Moccasin — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Moccasin (Arizona) Moccasin (Illinois) Moccasin (Plumas County, Kalifornien) Moccasin (Tuolumne County, Kalifornien) Moccasin (Montana) Moccasin (Tennessee) Schiffe: USS Moccasin, mehrere… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • moccasin — moc ca*sin, n. [An Indian word. Algonquin makisin.] [Sometimes written {moccason}.] 1. A shoe made of deerskin, or other soft leather, the sole and upper part being one piece. It is the customary shoe worn by the American Indians. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • moccasin — ☆ moccasin [mäk′ə sən ] n. [< AmInd (Algonquian), as in Narragansett mokussin, Massachusett mohkisson] 1. a heelless slipper of soft, flexible leather, worn orig. by North American Indians 2. any slipper more or less like this but with a hard… …   English World dictionary

  • moccasin — (n.) North American Indian shoe (made of deerskin or soft leather), 1610s, from an Algonquian language of Virginia, probably Powhatan makasin shoe, from Central Atlantic Coast Algonquian *mockasin, similar to Southern New England Algonquian… …   Etymology dictionary

  • moccasin — a name of a snake and a type of soft leather shoe, is the recommended spelling, with two cs and one s …   Modern English usage

  • moccasin — ► NOUN 1) a soft leather shoe with the sole turned up and sewn to the upper, originally worn by North American Indians. 2) a venomous American pit viper. ORIGIN Virginia Algonquian …   English terms dictionary

  • moccasin — /mok euh sin, zeuhn/, n. 1. a heelless shoe made entirely of soft leather, as deerskin, with the sole brought up and attached to a piece of U shaped leather on top of the foot, worn originally by the American Indians. 2. a hard soled shoe or… …   Universalium

  • moccasin — noun Etymology: Virginia Algonquian mockasin Date: circa 1612 1. a. a soft leather heelless shoe or boot with the sole brought up the sides of the foot and over the toes where it is joined with a puckered seam to a U shaped piece lying on top of… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • moccasin — moc·ca·sin mäk ə sən n 1) WATER MOCCASIN 2) a snake (as of the genus Natrix) resembling a water moccasin * * * moc·ca·sin (mokґə sin) any of several species of snakes of the genus Agkistrodon …   Medical dictionary

  • moccasin — UK [ˈmɒkəsɪn] / US [ˈmɑkəsɪn] noun [countable] Word forms moccasin : singular moccasin plural moccasins a soft leather shoe with a flat heel …   English dictionary


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