Bamburgh


Bamburgh

Infobox UK place
country = England
official_name= Bamburgh
latitude= 55.604
longitude = -1.7222
civil_parish=
population= 788 (2001 Census)
shire_district= Bewick-upon-Tweed
shire_county= Northumberland
region = North East England
constituency_westminster= Berwick-upon-Tweed
post_town= BAMBURGH
postcode_district= NE69
postcode_area= NE
dial_code= 01668
os_grid_reference= NU1734

Bamburgh is a large village on the coast of Northumberland, England.

It is notable for two reasons: the imposing Bamburgh Castle, overlooking the beach, seat of the former Kings of Northumbria, and at present owned by the Armstrong family (see William George Armstrong); and its association with the Victorian heroine, Grace Darling.

Its extensive sandy beach was awarded the Blue Flag rural beach award in 2005. The Bamburgh Dunes an area of sand dunes which are a Site of Special Scientific Interest stand behind the award winning beach. Bamburgh is popular with holidaymakers and is within the Northumberland Coast Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty.

Bamburgh Castle, then called "Din Guardi", was the capital of the British kingdom of Bryneich between about AD 420 and 547. In 547 the castle was taken by the invading Angles led by Ida son of Eoppa and was renamed "Bebbanburgh" by one of his successors, Æthelfrith, after Æthelfrith's wife Bebba, according to the "Historia Brittonum". From then onwards the castle became the capital of the Anglian kingdom of Bernicia until it merged with its southern neighbour, Deira, in 634. After the two realms united as Northumbria the capital was moved to York.

Henry VI ruled all England (in name) from Bamburgh in 1464, during the Wars of the Roses. The castle was eventually reduced by artillery.

Thomas Malory considered Bamburgh to be Lancelot's castle Joyous Gard. The Victorian poet Algernon Swinburne agreed and called it "The noblest hold in all the North."

:"They saw the help and strength of Joyous Gard,:The full deep glorious tower that stands over:Between the wild sea and the broad wild lands..."

Swinburne swam here, as did the novelist E. M. Forster who adopted the Forsters of Bamburgh as his ancestors.

Notable people

*Æthelfrith of Northumbria
*William George Armstrong
*Joe Baker-Cresswell
*Grace Darling
*King Henry VI
*Ida of Bernicia

Photos

External links

* [http://www.northumberland-cam.com/bamburgh/index.htm Bamburgh Photos]
* [http://www.ukattraction.com/northumbria/bamburgh.html Bamburgh Tourist Attractions]
* [http://www.bamburghonline.com/ Bamburgh Online]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bamburgh — …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bamburgh — (spr. bämmbŏrŏ), Fischerdorf an der Küste Northumberlands (England), einst bedeutende Stadt. Dabei, auf steilem Basaltfelsen, das 550 gegründete Schloß, teilweise Ruine, jetzt Krankenhaus …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bamburgh — 55° 36′ 14″ N 1° 43′ 20″ W / 55.604, 1.7222 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bamburgh — Original name in latin Bamburgh Name in other language Bamburgh State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 55.60652 latitude 1.71704 altitude 26 Population 0 Date 2011 07 31 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Bamburgh — ▪ England, United Kingdom   coastal village, Berwick upon Tweed borough, administrative and historic county of Northumberland, England. The site is dominated by Bamburgh Castle, which stands on a cliff 150 feet (45 metres) above the North Sea.… …   Universalium

  • Bamburgh Dunes — are a region of coastal sand dunes with an area of over 40 hectares situated around the village of Bamburgh in Northumberland, England at grid reference gbm4ibx|NU188350. The dunes which stand in the shadow of the impressive Bamburgh Castle have… …   Wikipedia

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  • Bamburgh Sword — The Bamburgh Sword is an Anglo Saxon artifact from the seventh century. It was uncovered by Brian Hope Taylor, then disappeared until his death, when it was discovered in a suitcase in his attic. The sword was excavated in the first dig at… …   Wikipedia

  • Castillo de Bamburgh — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El Castillo de Bamburgh. El Castillo de Bamburgh es un imponente castillo localizado en la costa de Bamburgh en el condado de Northumberland, Inglaterra. Es un edificio con protección de grado I …   Wikipedia Español


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