Infobox UK place
country = England
longitude = -1.7222
population= 788 (2001 Census)
region = North East England
Bamburgh is a large village on the coast of
It is notable for two reasons: the imposing
Bamburgh Castle, overlooking the beach, seat of the former Kings of Northumbria, and at present owned by the Armstrong family (see William George Armstrong); and its association with the Victorian heroine, Grace Darling.
Its extensive sandy beach was awarded the Blue Flag rural beach award in 2005. The
Bamburgh Dunesan area of sand dunes which are a Site of Special Scientific Intereststand behind the award winning beach. Bamburgh is popular with holidaymakers and is within the Northumberland CoastArea of Outstanding Natural Beauty.
Bamburgh Castle, then called "Din Guardi", was the capital of the British kingdom of Bryneich between about AD 420 and 547. In 547 the castle was taken by the invading
Anglesled by Ida son of Eoppa and was renamed "Bebbanburgh" by one of his successors, Æthelfrith, after Æthelfrith's wife Bebba, according to the " Historia Brittonum". From then onwards the castle became the capital of the Anglian kingdom of Berniciauntil it merged with its southern neighbour, Deira, in 634. After the two realms united as Northumbriathe capital was moved to York.
Henry VI ruled all England (in name) from Bamburgh in 1464, during the
Wars of the Roses. The castle was eventually reduced by artillery. Thomas Maloryconsidered Bamburgh to be Lancelot's castle Joyous Gard. The Victorian poet Algernon Swinburneagreed and called it "The noblest hold in all the North."
:"They saw the help and strength of Joyous Gard,:The full deep glorious tower that stands over:Between the wild sea and the broad wild lands..."
Swinburne swam here, as did the novelist
E. M. Forsterwho adopted the Forsters of Bamburgh as his ancestors.
Æthelfrith of Northumbria
William George Armstrong
*King Henry VI
Ida of Bernicia
* [http://www.northumberland-cam.com/bamburgh/index.htm Bamburgh Photos]
* [http://www.ukattraction.com/northumbria/bamburgh.html Bamburgh Tourist Attractions]
* [http://www.bamburghonline.com/ Bamburgh Online]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Bamburgh — … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bamburgh — (spr. bämmbŏrŏ), Fischerdorf an der Küste Northumberlands (England), einst bedeutende Stadt. Dabei, auf steilem Basaltfelsen, das 550 gegründete Schloß, teilweise Ruine, jetzt Krankenhaus … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Bamburgh — 55° 36′ 14″ N 1° 43′ 20″ W / 55.604, 1.7222 … Wikipédia en Français
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Bamburgh — ▪ England, United Kingdom coastal village, Berwick upon Tweed borough, administrative and historic county of Northumberland, England. The site is dominated by Bamburgh Castle, which stands on a cliff 150 feet (45 metres) above the North Sea.… … Universalium
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Bamburgh Castle — Coordinates: 55°36′29″N 1°42′32″W / 55.608°N 1.709°W / 55.608; 1.709 … Wikipedia
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Castillo de Bamburgh — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda El Castillo de Bamburgh. El Castillo de Bamburgh es un imponente castillo localizado en la costa de Bamburgh en el condado de Northumberland, Inglaterra. Es un edificio con protección de grado I … Wikipedia Español