John Benson (publisher)

John Benson (publisher)

John Benson (died January 23, 1667) was a London publisher of the middle seventeenth century, best remembered for a historically important publication of the Sonnets and miscellaneous poems of William Shakespeare in 1640. [Baker, David. "Cavalier Shakespeare: The 1640 "Poems" of John Benson." "Studies in Philology" 95 (1998), pp. 152-73.]

John Benson began his career as a stationer in 1635; he maintained shops in Chancery Lane (from 1635 on) and St. Dunstan's Churchyard in Fleet Street (1640 and after). In his publishing career, Benson generally concentrated on the lower end of the market for printed matter in his era; he "specialized in the publication of ballads and broadsides." [Halliday, F. E. "A Shakespeare Companion 1564–1964." Baltimore, Penguin, 1964; p. 60.] Yet he published books too, like Joseph Rutter's "The Shepherds' Holy-Day" (1635); he issued Ben Jonson's "Execration Against Vulcan" in 1640.

Benson partnered with other stationers for some projects. He joined with fellow stationer John Waterson to publish the first quarto of Fletcher and Massinger's "The Elder Brother" (1637). Benson and John Saywell issued Francis Quarles's "Hosanna, or Divine poems on the Passion of Chirst" (1647); in 1651 Benson formed a partnership to print music books with John Playford. [Plomer, Henry Robert. "A Dictionary of the Booksellers and Printers Who Were at Work in England, Scotland and Ireland from 1641 to 1667." London, The Bibliographical Society/Blades, East & Blades, 1907; p. 22.] Their edition of John Hilton's "Catch That Catch Can", a collection of "catches, rounds, and canons," appeared in 1652.

hakespeare's "Poems", 1640

Benson entered his edition of Shakespeare's poems in the Stationers' Register on November 4, 1639. (Since Thomas Thorpe, the original publisher of the Sonnets and "A Lover's Complaint", had died c. 1635, his copyright to the material was likely considered lapsed.) The volume was published in octavo the following year. The title of the publication reads:

POEMS: VVRITTEN BY WIL. SHAKESSPEARE. Gent. Printed at "London" by Tho. Cotes, and are to be sold by John Benson dwelling in St. Dunstans Church-yard. 1640.

The book opens with engraver William Marshall's portrait of Shakespeare — a reduced and reversed version of Martin Droeshout's engraving from the First Folio. This is followed by Benson's preface "to the Reader," commendatory poems by Leonard Digges and John Warren, and then the poems themselves. The edition combined most of Shakespeare's sonnets (numbers 18, 19, 43, 56, 75, and 76 are omitted), mingled with poems from "The Passionate Pilgrim" (the corrupt 1612 edition), plus "A Lover's Complaint", "The Phoenix and the Turtle", Milton's poem to Shakespeare from the Second Folio, poems by Ben Jonson, Francis Beaumont, Robert Herrick and others, and miscellaneous pieces. [Halliday. pp. 304, 377-8.]

Thomas Cotes, Benson's printer for the "Poems", also printed the Shakespeare Second Folio (1632), and the first quarto of "The Two Noble Kinsmen" (1634).

Benson is notorious for rearranging the order of the sonnets into groups, which he presented as complete poems, for which he invented titles. He also changed the pronouns in several of the sonnets to create the impression that they were written to a woman. [ [http://www.cliffsnotes.com/WileyCDA/LitNote/id-169,pageNum-2.html Cliff's notes on Benson's edition] ; [http://books.guardian.co.uk/lrb/articles/0,6109,770167,00.html The Guardian, review of "Complete Sonnets and Poems by William Shakespeare", edited by Colin Burrow. Oxford, 750pp, 14 February] ]

The "derivative and unauthoritative character" of Benson's edition was not recognized until Shakespeare scholar Edmund Malone re-directed critics' attention to the original 1609 edition of the Sonnets; "for almost a century and a half Benson's mangled hodgepodge was an accepted repository of Shakespeare's lyric verse." [Wells, Stanley, and Gary Taylor. "William Shakespeare: A Textual Companion." New York, W. W. Norton, 1997; p. 38.]

Use by Oxfordians

Proponents of Oxfordian theory consider it significant that the dedicatory poem by Ben Jonson was printed with question marks instead of exclamation marks, in particular the line "This shadow is renowned Shakespear's?" This is taken to imply a doubt that Shakespeare was the true author, or possibly an intentional hint to the reader. Orthodox scholars assert that question marks were commonly used interchangeably with exclamation marks at this time. [ [http://shakespeareauthorship.com/quesmark.html "Oxfordian Myths: Benson's "Question Marks", by Terry Ross] ]

References


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • John Benson — may refer to:* John Benson (announcer), television announcer and occasional actor * John Benson (footballer) * John Benson (publisher) (d. 1667), 17th century publisher of Shakespeare s works * John Benson (Minnesota politician), member of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Benson (surname) — Benson is a surname, and may refer to:*A. C. Benson (1862 1925), English poet and essayist, son of E. W. Benson *Allan L. Benson, American newspaper editor *Amber Benson (born 1977), American actress *Anna Benson, American model *Andrew Benson… …   Wikipedia

  • John Waterson — (died February 10, 1656) was a London publisher and bookseller of the Jacobean and Caroline eras; he published significant works in English Renaissance drama, including plays by William Shakespeare, John Fletcher, John Webster, and Philip… …   Wikipedia

  • John Playford — was born in Norwich in 1623 and died in London in 1686. He served an apprenticeship with a publisher (John Benson) from 1639/40 to 1647, after which he opened a shop in the porch of Temple Church. A bookseller and publisher, Playford is best… …   Wikipedia

  • John Bond (footballer) — Infobox Football biography playername = John Bond fullname = John Frederick Bond dateofbirth = birth date and age|1932|12|17 cityofbirth = Dedham countryofbirth = England dateofdeath = cityofdeath = countryofdeath = height = position = Right back …   Wikipedia

  • John Gardner (thriller writer) — John Edmund Gardner (November 20, 1926 – August 3, 2007 ) was an English spy novelist.Early lifeGardner was born in Seaton Delaval, Northumberland. He graduated from St. John s College, Cambridge and did postgraduate study at Oxford. Gardner… …   Wikipedia

  • John the Painter — (1752–1777), also known as James Aitken or John Aitkin , was a Scot who committed acts of terror in British naval dockyards in 1776 77. Early lifeAitken was born in Edinburgh in 1752, the son of a whitesmith and the eighth of twelve children.… …   Wikipedia

  • John Clum — John Philip Clum (September 1 1851 May 2 1932) was an Indian agent in the Arizona Territory who had the nickname White Chief of the Apaches . Clum was also the first mayor of Tombstone, Arizona, USA, and founder of the Tombstone Epitaph.Early… …   Wikipedia

  • John Metcalf (civil engineer) — John Metcalf, or as he was more popularly known, Blind Jack Metcalf (August 15, 1717 ndash; April 26, 1810) was the first of the professional road builders to emerge during the Industrial Revolution. Made blind from smallpox at the age of six,… …   Wikipedia

  • John Preston — (b. December 11, 1945, Medfield, Massachusetts ndash; d. April 28 1994, Portland, Maine) was an author of gay erotica and an editor of gay nonfiction anthologies. Life and worksHe grew up in Medfield, Massachusetts, later living in a number of… …   Wikipedia


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»