Kenichi Fukui


Kenichi Fukui

Infobox Scientist
name = Kenichi Fukui
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image_size =150px
caption = Kenichi Fukui
birth_date = October 4 1918
birth_place = Nara City, Japan
death_date = January 9 1998
death_place =
residence =
citizenship =
nationality = Japan
ethnicity =
field = chemistry
work_institutions = Kyoto University
alma_mater =
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doctoral_students =
known_for = orbitals in chemical reactions
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prizes = Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1981
religion =
footnotes =

Kenichi Fukui (福井謙一 "Fukui Ken'ichi", October 4 1918 – January 9 1998) was a Japanese chemist.

Kenichi Fukui was co-recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1981 with Roald Hoffman, for their independent investigations into the mechanisms of chemical reactions. His prize-winning work focused on the role of frontier orbitals in chemical reactions: specifically that molecules share loosely bonded electrons which occupy the frontier orbitals, that is the Highest Occupied Molecular Orbital (HOMO) and the Lowest Unoccupied Molecular Orbital (LUMO) [cite journal
quotes = yes
last=Fukui
first=
authorlink=
year=1982|month=Nov.
title=Role of Frontier Orbitals in Chemical Reactions
journal=Science
volume=218
issue=4574
pages=747–754
publisher = | location =
pmid = 17771019
doi = 10.1126/science.218.4574.747
bibcode = | oclc =| id = | url = | language = | format = | accessdate = | laysummary = | laysource = | laydate = | quote =
] .

He was professor of physical chemistry at Kyoto University from 1951 to 1982, president of the Kyoto Institute of Technology between 1982 and 1988, and a member of the International Academy of Quantum Molecular Science and honorary member of the International Academy of Science.

List of books available in English

*"Theory of orientation and stereoselection "(1975)
*"An Einstein dictionary" Sachi Sri Kantha ; foreword by Kenichi Fukui (1996)
*"Frontier orbitals and reaction paths : selected papers of Kenichi Fukui"(1997)
*"The science and technology of carbon nanotubes" edited by Kazuyoshi Tanaka, Tokio Yamabe, Kenichi Fukui(1999)

Notes

External links

* [http://www.jce.divched.org/JCEWWW/Features/eChemists/document.php?chemid=7 Biographical snapshots: Kenichi Fukui,] "Journal of Chemical Education" web site.
* [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1981/fukui-autobio.html Nobel-prize.org]


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