Constitutional Court of Romania


Constitutional Court of Romania
Constitutional Court of Romania
Curtea Constituţionalǎ a României
Established 1948
Jurisdiction  Romania
Location Palace of the Parliament, Bucharest
Composition method -Senate selection (3 members)
-Chamber of Deputies selection (3 members)
-President selection (3 members)
Authorized by Constitution
Decisions are appealed to 1992 - 2003: Parliament
2003 - present: none
Judge term length 9 years
Number of positions 9
Website http://www.ccr.ro/
President of the Constitutional Court of Romania
Currently Augustin Zegrean
Since 2010
Lead position ends 2013
Jurist term ends 2013

The Constitutional Court of Romania (Romanian: Curtea Constituţională a României) is the institution which rules on whether the laws, decrees or other bills enacted by Romanian authorities are in conformity with the Constitution.

It consists of nine members serving nine-year terms which cannot be extended, with three members each appointed by the President, the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. Three members are renewed every three years, with the latest renewal having occurred in 2010.

Contents

Powers

According to the Article 144 of the Constitution, the Constitutional Court exercises the following powers:

  • to adjudicate on the constitutionality of laws, before promulgation, upon notification by the President of Romania, by the President of either Chamber of Parliament, by the Government, the Supreme Court of Justice, by a number of at least 50 Deputies or at least 25 Senators, as well as, ex officio, on initiatives to revise the Constitution
  • to adjudicate on the constitutionality of the Standing Orders of Parliament, upon notification by the President of either Chamber, by a parliamentary group or a number of at least 50 Deputies or at least 25 Senators
  • to decide on exceptions brought to the Courts of law as to the unconstitutionality of laws and orders
  • to guard the observance of the procedure for the election of the President of Romania and to confirm the ballot returns
  • to ascertain the circumstances which justify the interim in the exercise of office of President of Romania, and to report its findings to Parliament and the Government
  • to give advisory opinion on the proposal to suspend the President of Romania from office
  • to guard the observance of the procedure for the organization and holding of a referendum, and to confirm its returns
  • to check on compliance with the conditions for the exercise of the legislative initiative by citizens
  • to decide on objections of unconstitutionality of a political party
Romania
Coat of arms of Romania

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Members

Since it was created in 1992, the Constitutional Court had the following composition[1][2][3].

LEGEND

  • Bolded names denote current members;
  • Italicsa names denote proposals pending validation
  • * denotes a President (former or current) of the Court;
  • d - judge died in office;
  • r - judge resigned.
Years Appointed by the Senate Appointed by the Chamber of Deputies Appointed by the President
1992 Fazakás Miklosd Viorel-Mihai Ciobanu Antonie Iorgovanr Ion Filipescu Victor-Dan Zlătescu Ioan Muraru *(1995 - 1998) Vasile Gionea *(1992 - 1995) Mihai Constantinescu Florin Bucur Vasilescu
1993
1994
1995 Costică Bulai Lucian Stângu Ioan Deleanur
1996 Romul Petru Vonica Nicolae Popa *(2001 - 2004)
1997
1998 Kozsokár Gábor Constantin Doldurr Lucian Mihair *(1998 - 2001)
1999
2000
2001 Nicolae Cochinescu Ioan Vida *(2004 - 2007; 2007 - 2010) Şerban Viorel Stănoiu Petre Ninosud
2002
2003
2004 Ion Predescu *(2010 interim) Aspazia Cojocaru Acsinte Gaspar
2005
2006
2007 Valentin-Zoltán Puskás Tudorel Toader Augustin Zegrean *(2010 - 2013)
2008 Petre Lăzăroiu
2009
2010 Iulia Antoanella Motoc Ştefan Minea Petre Lăzăroiu
2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
2016
2017
2018
2019

See also

References

External links


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