Treaty of Moultrie Creek

Treaty of Moultrie Creek

The Treaty of Moultrie Creek was an agreement signed in 1823 between the government of the United States and several chiefs of the Seminole Indians in the present-day state of Florida. The United States had acquired Florida from Spain in 1821 by means of the Adams-Onís Treaty. In 1823 the government decided to settle the Seminoles on a reservation in the central part of the territory. A meeting to negotiate a treaty was scheduled for early September 1823 at Moultrie Creek, south of St. Augustine. About 425 Seminoles attended the meeting, choosing Neamathla, a prominent Mikasuki chief, to be their chief representative. Under the terms of the treaty negotiated there, the Seminoles were forced to place themselves under the protection of the United States and to give up all claim to lands in Florida, in exchange for a reservation of about four million acres (16,000 km²). The reservation would run down the middle of the Florida peninsula from just north of present-day Ocala to a line even with the southern end of Tampa Bay. The boundaries were well inland from both coasts, to prevent contact with traders from Cuba and the Bahamas. Neamathla and five other chiefs, however, were allowed to keep their villages along the Apalachicola River. [Missall, John and Mary Lou Missal. 2004. "Seminole Wars: America's Longest Indian Conflict". Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida. ISBN 0-8130-2715-2. Pp. 63-64.]

Under the Treaty of Moultrie Creek, the United States government was obligated to protect the Seminoles as long as they remained peaceful and law-abiding. The government was supposed to distribute farm implements, cattle and hogs to the Seminoles, compensate them for travel and losses involved in relocating to the reservation, and provide rations for a year, until the Seminoles could plant and harvest new crops. The government was also supposed to pay the tribe US$5,000 a year for twenty years, and provide an interpreter, a school and a blacksmith for the same twenty years. In turn, the Seminoles had to allow roads to be built across the reservation and had to apprehend any runaway slaves or other fugitives and return them to United States jurisdiction. [Missall. Pp. 64-65.]

ee also

*Seminole Wars
*Treaty of Payne's Landing


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Traité de Moultrie Creek — Le Traité de Moultrie Creek établit une réserve indienne pour les séminoles, au centre de la Floride. Le Traité de Moultrie Creek est un accord signé en 1823 entre le gouvernement des États Unis d Amérique, et plusieurs chefs séminoles, dans l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Treaty of Payne's Landing — The Treaty of Payne s Landing (Treaty with the Seminole, 1832) was an agreement signed on 9 May 1832 between the government of the United States and several chiefs of the Seminole Indians in the present day state of Florida. By the Treaty of… …   Wikipedia

  • Seminole Wars — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Seminole Wars caption=Osceola, Seminole leader. date= 1817 1858 place= Florida, US result= Indecisive/US victory combatant1= combatant2= Seminole strength1= strength2= casualties1= casualties2= The Seminole Wars …   Wikipedia

  • Second Seminole War — The Second Seminole War, also known as the Florida War, was a conflict from 1835 to 1842 in Florida between various groups of Native Americans collectively known as Seminoles and the United States, part of a series of conflicts called the… …   Wikipedia

  • List of United States treaties — This is a list of treaties to which the United States has been a party or which have had direct relevance to U.S. history. This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. Contents 1 Pre Revolutionary War treaties 2 …   Wikipedia

  • Outline of United States federal Indian law and policy — This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. Law and U.S. public policy related to Native Americans has evolved continuously since the founding of the United States. This outline lists notable people, organizations, events, legislation …   Wikipedia

  • Category:United States and Native American treaties — Pages in category United States and Native American treaties The following 87 pages are in this category, out of 87 total. This list may not reflect recent changes (learn more). B Treaty of Brownstown Treaty of Buffalo CreekC Treaty of… …   Wikipedia

  • Tampa, Florida — Tampa redirects here. For other uses, see Tampa (disambiguation). Tampa   City   Images from top, left to right: Skyline of D …   Wikipedia

  • History of Tampa, Florida — There is some dispute as to the origin and meaning of the name Tampa . It is believed to mean sticks of fire in the language of the Calusa, a Native American tribe that once lived in the area. Other historians claim the name refers to the place… …   Wikipedia

  • Seminolenkriege — Die Seminolenkriege, manchmal auch Floridakriege genannt, waren drei bewaffnete Konflikte in Florida zwischen verschiedenen Indianerstämmen, die als Seminolen zusammengefasst werden, und den USA. Der Erste Seminolenkrieg dauerte von 1817 bis 1818 …   Deutsch Wikipedia