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Consubstantiation is a theological doctrine that (like Transubstantiation) attempts to describe the nature of the Christian Eucharist in concrete metaphysical terms. It holds that during the sacrament, the fundamental "substance" of the body and blood of Christ are present alongside the substance of the bread and wine, which remain present. The doctrine of consubstantiation is often held in contrast to the doctrine of transubstantiation.
The doctrine of consubstantiation is erroneously identified as the eucharistic doctrine of Martin Luther, who defined his doctrine as the sacramental union. While some Lutherans believe in consubstantiation, others reject the concept because it substitutes what they believe to be the biblical doctrine with a philosophical construct and implies, in their view, a natural, local inclusion of the body and blood of Christ in the consecrated bread and wine of the eucharist.
History and culture
In England in the late 14th century, there was a political and religious movement known as Lollardy. Among much broader goals, the Lollards affirmed a form of consubstantiation—that the Eucharist remained physically bread and wine, while becoming spiritually the body and blood of Christ. Lollardy survived up until the time of the English Reformation.
Footnotes and references
- ^ F.L. Cross, ed., The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, second edition, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1974), 340 sub loco.
- ^ Weimar Ausgabe 26, 442; Luther's Works 37, 299-300.
- ^ J.T. Mueller, hristian Dogmatics: A Handbook of Doctrinal Theology, (St. Louis: CPH, 1934), 519; cf. also Erwin L. Lueker, Christian Cyclopedia, (St. Louis: CPH, 1975), under the entry "consubstantiation."
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consubstantiation — [ kɔ̃sypstɑ̃sjasjɔ̃ ] n. f. • 1567; lat. ecclés. consubstantiatio ♦ Théol. chrét. Présence réelle, simultanée du corps et du sang de Jésus Christ dans le pain et le vin de l Eucharistie. ● consubstantiation nom féminin (latin ecclésiastique… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Consubstantiation — • This heretical doctrine is an attempt to hold the Real Presence of Christ in the Holy Eucharist without admitting Transubstantiation Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Consubstantiation Consubstantiation … Catholic encyclopedia
Consubstantiation — Con sub*stan ti*a tion (?; 106), n. 1. An identity or union of substance. [1913 Webster] 2. (Theol.) The actual, substantial presence of the body of Christ with the bread and wine of the sacrament of the Lord s Supper; impanation; opposed to… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
consubstantiation — 1590s, from Church L. consubstantionem (nom. consubstantio), noun of action from pp. stem of consubstantiare, from com with (see COM (Cf. com )) + substantia (see SUBSTANCE (Cf. substance)). Related: Consubstantiate … Etymology dictionary
consubstantiation — ► NOUN Christian Theology ▪ the doctrine that the substance of the bread and wine coexists with the body and blood of Christ in the Eucharist. Compare with TRANSUBSTANTIATION(Cf. ↑transubstantiation) … English terms dictionary
consubstantiation — [kän΄səbstan΄shē ā′shən] n. [ML(Ec) consubstantiatio < LL(Ec) consubstantiare (see CONSUBSTANTIATE), modeled on transubstantio: see TRANSUBSTANTIATION] Theol. the doctrine that the substance of the bread and wine of the Eucharist exists, after … English World dictionary
Consubstantiation — La consubstantiation est la doctrine protestante luthérienne par laquelle, lors de la Cène, le pain et le vin conservent leurs substances propres avec lesquelles coexistent les substances du corps et du sang du Christ. Cette notion, définie par… … Wikipédia en Français
consubstantiation — /kon seuhb stan shee ay sheuhn/, n. Theol. the doctrine that the substance of the body and blood of Christ coexist in and with the substance of the bread and wine of the Eucharist. [1590 1600; < NL consubstantiation (s. of consubstantiatio),… … Universalium
consubstantiation — The term consubstantiation designates the Lutheran understanding of the status of the elements in the communion service, which Protestants call the Lord s Supper and Catholics call the Eucharist. The Roman Catholic theory of transubstantia… … Encyclopedia of Protestantism
consubstantiation — noun Date: 1597 the actual substantial presence and combination of the body and blood of Christ with the eucharistic bread and wine according to a teaching associated with Martin Luther compare transubstantiation … New Collegiate Dictionary