Włocławek


Włocławek

Infobox Settlement
name = Włocławek


imagesize = 250px
image_caption = Cathedral in Włocławek



image_shield = POL Włocławek COA.svg
pushpin_

pushpin_label_position = bottom
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = POL
subdivision_type1 = Voivodeship
subdivision_name1 = Kuyavian-Pomeranian
subdivision_type2 = Powiat
subdivision_name2 = "city county"
leader_title = Mayor
leader_name = Andrzej Pałucki
established_title = Established
established_date = 10th century
established_title3 = Town rights
established_date3 = 1255
area_total_km2 = 84.32
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 119608
population_density_km2 = auto
timezone = CET
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd = 52 | latm = 39 | lats = | latNS = N | longd = 19 | longm = 3 | longs = | longEW = E
postal_code_type = Postal code
postal_code = 87-800 to 87-810, 87-812, 87-814, 87-816 to 87-818, 87-822
area_code = +48 054
blank_name = Car plates
blank_info = CW
website = http://www.wloclawek.pl
Włocławek Audio-IPA-pl|Pl-Włocławek.ogg|w|ł|o|c|'|ł|a|w|e|k ( _de. Leslau) is a town in northern Poland on the Vistula (Wisła) and Zgłowiączka rivers, with a population of approximately 117,000. It is situated in the Kujawsko-Pomorskie Voivodeship and until 1999 was the capital of Włocławek Voivodeship.

History

Different years of establishment of the town have been attributed by a number of historians since the 16th century. The Diocese of Włocławek (Latin: "Vladislaviensis") in Kuyavia, near Płock, was first mentioned in a papal bull issued by Pope Eugene III in 1148. The first bishop of Włocławek was Warner, whose name appears in the 1148 bull, followed by Onoldius from Italy. At some time the diocese was recorded as "Vladislaviensis et Pomeraniae" ("Włocławek and Pomerania"). The name Vladislaviensis and the time frame point to Władysław II the Exile or his grandfather Władysław I Herman, as well as to Vladislav II of Bohemia, as possible name givers. Under the Nazi occupation during World War II, Włocławek was renamed to "Leslau".

Wloclawek had quite a flourishing, sizable Jewish population for many, many hundreds of years. After the Nazi occupation in 1939, it became the first town in Europe requiring yellow Jewish Stars of David to be worn on the backs of the clothes of all Jews, only one obvious part of their persecution. Soon this star became required for all Jews in German occupied Europe. Many Wloclawek Jews died from Nazi fists or guns, starvation or illness after being confined in the Lodz Ghetto. Others were gassed upon arrival at the Chelmno death camp.There is little, if any trace of their once rich and lively community today.

Sports

* Anwil Włocławek - men's basketball team, former Polish Champion, 4th in Era Basket Liga in 2003/2004 season.
* Kujawiak Hydrobudowa Włocławek - men's football team, winner of regional 3rd league group 2004, promoted to play in 2nd league in season 2004/2005, now Zawisza Bydgoszcz, club bought by Bydgoszcz.
* Wloclawskie Towarzystwo Wioslarskie / Włocławek Rowing Association - rowing team, former Polish and world Champions; created in 1886

Major corporations

*Zakłady Azotowe Anwil
*Kujawska Fabryka Farb i Lakierów Nobiles
*Fabryka Lin i Drutu Drumet
*Kujawianka
*KeSeM
*Fabryka Urządzeń Technicznych Wisła-Bryka
*Kujawska Wytwórnia Termometrów
*Kujawska Fabryka Manometrów
*Włocławska Fabryka Porcelany
*Rieber Foods Polska S.A. Delecta
*Włocławskie Fabryki Mebli Paged-Wefem
*Kujawskie Zakłady Przemysłu Owocowo-Warzywnego Włocławek Sp. z o.o.
*Instal Projekt
*TOP 2000
*Hydrobudowa Włocławek
*RUN Chłodnia
*Elektrownia Wodna we Włocławku
*DGS
*Bomilla
*Stalprodukt
*Remwil
*Sanitec Koło Sp. z o.o.
*ABfilter

Education

* Wyższa Szkoła Humanistyczno-Ekonomiczna
* Wyższa Szkoła Informatyki in Łódź, branch in Włocławek
* Państwowa Wyższa Szkoła Zawodowa in Włocławek
* Wyższe Seminarium Duchowne in Włocławek
* Wyższa Szkoła Techniki i Przedsiębiorczości in Włocławek

People

* Sholem Asch
* Bronisław Dembowski (b. 1927) - bishop of Włocławek (1992-2003)
* Anton Denikin
* Jan Nagórski - the first man to fly over the North Pole
* Leon Marchlewski
* Henryk Muszyński - bishop
* Marcel Reich-Ranicki
* Tadeus Reichstein
* Chaim F. Shatan physician who defined Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
* Włodzimierz Stanny
* Józef Stolorz renowned fine-art painter
* Jakub Świnka
* Stefan Cardinal Wyszyński, enrolled in the Roman Catholic seminary in Włocławek
* Stanisław Zagajewski fine-art sculptor

External links

*en icon [http://www.wloclawek.pl/english/ Municipal website]
*pl icon [http://www.forumwloclawek.pl/ - Forum]
*pl icon [http://www.q4.pl/ Włocławski Portal Internetowy]
* [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15680b.htm The history of Diocese of Włocławek in Catholic Encyclopedia] (1913)


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