Mid back unrounded vowel


Mid back unrounded vowel
Mid back unrounded vowel
ɤ̞
IPA number 315 430
Encoding
Entity (decimal) ɤ​̞
Unicode (hex) U+0264 U+031E

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The mid back unrounded vowel is a type of vowel sound, used in some spoken languages. While there is no dedicated symbol in the International Phonetic Alphabet that represents the "exact" mid back unrounded vowel between close-mid [ɤ] and open-mid [ʌ] (since no language is known to distinguish all three), ⟨ɤ⟩ or ⟨ʌ⟩ may be used. If precision is desired, diacritics can be used (i.e. [ɤ̞] or [ʌ̝]).

Features

IPA vowel chart
Front Near-​front Central Near-​back Back
Close
Blank vowel trapezoid.svg
iy
ɨʉ
ɯu
ɪʏ
ʊ
eø
ɘɵ
ɤo
ɤ̞
ɛœ
ɜɞ
ʌɔ
æ
aɶ
ä
ɑɒ
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open
Paired vowels are: unrounded • rounded
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  • Its vowel height is mid, which means the tongue is positioned halfway between a close-mid vowel and an open-mid vowel.
  • Its vowel backness is back, which means the tongue is positioned as far back as possible in the mouth without creating a constriction that would be classified as a consonant.
  • Its vowel roundedness is unrounded, which means that the lips are not rounded.

Occurrence

Language Word IPA Meaning Notes
Bulgarian[1] път [pɤ̞t] 'path' Somewhat fronted
Estonian[2] kõrv [kɤ̞rv] 'ear'

Notes

  • Ternes, Elmer; Vladimirova-Buhtz, Tatjana (1999), "Bulgarian", Handbook of the International Phonetic Association, Cambridge University Press, pp. 55–57, ISBN 0-521-63751-1 
  • Asu, Eva Liina; Teras, Pire (2009), "Estonian", Journal of the International Phonetic Association 39 (3): 367–372 

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