Paul Groussac


Paul Groussac

Paul-François Groussac (February 15, 1848 - June 27, 1929) was a French-born Argentine writer, literary critic, historian, and librarian. He was born in Toulouse to Catherine Deval and Pierre Groussac, the scion of an old Languedocian family.

As a young man, Groussac studied classics in his native Toulouse. He was admitted to the École Navale in 1865, but chose not to pursue a naval career. The next year he moved to Buenos Aires, which would remain his home for the rest of his life. Over the next seventeen years, he worked as a professor, directed the Escuela Normal de Tucumán, and served as inspector general of the national colleges. In 1883 he made a trip to France. After his return, in 1885, he was designated inspector of education and head of the Biblioteca Nacional. He would hold this position until his death forty-four years later.

His most notable works are "La Biblioteca" (1896) and "Anales de la Biblioteca" (1900), which were anthologies of critical essays, historical accounts of the library, and documents pertaining to the history of the Río de la Plata region. As director of the literary journal "SudAmérica", Groussac became a central figure in the Argentine literary world. His works, including "Studies of Argentine History", "Historical Essay on Tucumán", and "Mendoza and Garay", are characterized by their factual richness, vivid depiction of characters and their environment, and their lucid and consciensious style. Groussac's other main works include "Forbidden Fruit", "Argentine Tales", "The Divisa Punzó", and "Literary Criticism and the Falkland Islands".

Groussac's posthumous reputation was bolstered by his frequent mention in the critical essays of fellow Argentine librarian Jorge Luis Borges, who also wrote his obituary. In his autobiographical essay "La Ceguera" ("Blindness"), Borges spoke of Groussac's influence on Alfonso Reyes, whom he held in great esteem: "Alfonso Reyes, the greatest prose writer in the Spanish language of any age, said to me: 'Groussac, who was French, taught me how to write in Spanish'". ("Siete Noches". Fondo de Cultura Economica, Mexico, 1980, p. 156.) As a critic, he was notorious for his ruthless and intractable temperament, and for his withering mordancy. Borges analyzed some of Groussac's literary insults in his 1933 "Sur" essay "Arte de injuriar" (translated as "The Art of Verbal Abuse").

Groussac and Borges shared a few biographical parallels as well: between 1955 and 1973, Borges occupied Groussac's old position at the Biblioteca Nacional. Both men also suffered from poor eyesight, and both were completely blind by the end of their respective tenures as chief librarian.

External links

*es [http://www.revistacriterio.com.ar/art_cuerpo.php?numero_id=139&articulo_id=2662 Bruno, Paula, "Paul Groussac en la cultura", en "Criterio", N ° 2321 - Noviembre 2006 - Año 79 ]
*es [http://www.pagina12.com.ar/diario/suplementos/libros/10-1658-2005-07-20.html Demarchi, Rogelio, "¿Estratega o piola? Un atractivo ensayo sobre el siempre atractivo Groussac"]
*es [http://www.letraslibres.com/index.php?sec=25&qry=groussac&opciones=ALL&bussec1=1&bussec2=2&bussec3=3&bussec4=4&bussec5=5&bussec6=6&bussec7=7&bussec8=8&bussec9=9&bussec10=10&bussec11=11&bussec12=12&bussec13=13&bussec14=14&bussec15=15&bussec16=16&sibuscar=1&totalsec=16&Submit=Buscar. "Groussac en Letras Libres"]
* [http://www.todo-argentina.net/Literatura_argentina/Biografias_de_literatura/paul_groussac.htm Brief biography]
* [http://www.houssay.org.ar/hh/bio/groussac.htm Another brief biography]

Bibliography

Bruno, Paula, "Paul Groussac. Un estratega intelectual", Buenos Aires, Fondo de Cultura Económica, 2005.

Bruno, Paula (Estudio preliminar y selección de textos), "Travesías intelectuales de Paul Groussac", Buenos Aires, Editorial de la Universidad Nacional de Quilmes, 2005."'


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Paul Groussac — Nacimiento 15 de febrero de 1848   …   Wikipedia Español

  • Groussac — Groussac, Paul …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Groussac, Paul — ► (1848 1929) Escritor argentino de origen francés. Escribió teatro, novela y obras de tema histórico. Autor de Mendoza y Garay (1916) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Anexo:Bibliografía de Jorge Luis Borges — Este artículo o sección sobre literatura necesita ser wikificado con un formato acorde a las convenciones de estilo. Por favor, edítalo para que las cumpla. Mientras tanto, no elimines este aviso puesto el 6 de enero de 2011. También puedes… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Ana Perichon — Nombre Ana Perichon …   Wikipedia Español

  • Biblioteca Nacional de la República Argentina — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Edificio de la Biblioteca Nacional, inaugurado el 10 de abril de 1992 La Biblioteca Nacional de la República Argentina es la biblioteca más importante de ese país. Actualmente se encuentra ubicada en el barri …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bibliotheque nationale de la Republique d'Argentine — Bibliothèque nationale de la République d Argentine Édifice de la Bibliothèque Nationale, inauguré en 1992 La Bibliothèque nationale de la République d’Argentine (Biblioteca Nacional de la República Argentina) est la bibliothèque la plus… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bibliothèque Nationale De La République D'Argentine — Édifice de la Bibliothèque Nationale, inauguré en 1992 La Bibliothèque nationale de la République d’Argentine (Biblioteca Nacional de la República Argentina) est la bibliothèque la plus importante d Argentine. Actuellement elle est située dans le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bibliothèque nationale (Argentine) — Bibliothèque nationale de la République d Argentine Édifice de la Bibliothèque Nationale, inauguré en 1992 La Bibliothèque nationale de la République d’Argentine (Biblioteca Nacional de la República Argentina) est la bibliothèque la plus… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bibliothèque nationale d'Argentine — Bibliothèque nationale de la République d Argentine Édifice de la Bibliothèque Nationale, inauguré en 1992 La Bibliothèque nationale de la République d’Argentine (Biblioteca Nacional de la República Argentina) est la bibliothèque la plus… …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.