Gamete intrafallopian transfer


Gamete intrafallopian transfer

Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) is a tool of assisted reproductive technology against infertility. Eggs are removed from a woman's ovaries, and placed in one of the Fallopian tubes, along with the man's sperm. The technique, which was pioneered by endocrinologist Ricardo Asch, allows fertilization to take place inside the woman's body.

Many specialists in infertility would look at GIFT as a procedure that is outdated (2004) as pregnancy rates in IVF tend to be equal or better and do not require laparoscopy.Fact|date=March 2007

Method

It takes, on average, four to six weeks to complete a cycle of GIFT. First, the woman must take a fertility drug to stimulate egg production in the ovaries. The doctor will monitor the growth of the ovarian follicles, and once they are mature, the woman will be injected with Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). The eggs will be harvested approximately 36 hours later, mixed with the man's sperm, and placed back into the woman's Fallopian tubes using a laparoscope.

Indications

A woman must have at least one normal fallopian tube in order for GIFT to be suitable. It is used in instances where the fertility problem relates to sperm dysfunction, and where the couple has idiopathic (unknown cause) infertility. Some patients may prefer the procedure to IVF for ethical reasons, since the fertilization takes place inside the body.

uccess rate

As with most fertility procedures, success depends on the couple's age and the woman's egg quality. It is estimated that approximately 25-30% of GIFT cycles result in pregnancy [http://www.child.org.uk/html/malta.php/factsheets/79/] , with a third of those being multiple pregnancies.

ee also

*Zygote intrafallopian transfer


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • gamete intrafallopian transfer — gamete in·tra·fal·lo·pi·an transfer .in trə fə lō pē ən n a method of assisting reproduction in cases of infertility in which eggs are obtained from an ovary, mixed with sperm, and inserted into a fallopian tube by a laparoscope abbr. GIFT called …   Medical dictionary

  • gamete intrafallopian transfer — noun Date: 1984 a method of assisting reproduction in cases of infertility that involves obtaining eggs from an ovary, mixing them with sperm, and inserting them into a fallopian tube by a laparoscope abbreviation GIFT; called also gamete… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • gamete intrafallopian transfer — ¦in.trəfə¦lōpēən , ¦in.(ˌ)trä noun also gamete intrafallopian tube transfer : a method of assisting reproduction in cases of infertility in which eggs are obtained from an ovary, mixed with sperm, and inserted into a fallopian tube by a… …   Useful english dictionary

  • gamete intrafallopian transfer — a procedure for assisting conception, suitable only for women with healthy Fallopian tubes. In over 50% of women in whom infertility is diagnosed, the tubes are normal but some other factor, such as endometriosis, prevents conception. Using… …   Medical dictionary

  • gamete intrafallopian transfer — GIFT a procedure for assisting conception, suitable only for women with healthy Fallopian tubes. In over 50% of women in whom infertility is diagnosed, the tubes are normal but some other factor, such as endometriosis, prevents conception. Using… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • gamete intrafallopian transfer — noun → GIFT …   Australian English dictionary

  • Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT) — A technique in which the male and female germ cells required to begin formation of a human embryo are injected into a woman s fallopian tubes of the female for fertilization. This technique is one of the methods doctors use to overcome… …   Medical dictionary

  • gamete intrafallopian tube transfer — noun see gamete intrafallopian transfer …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • gamete intrafallopian tube transfer — noun see gamete intrafallopian transfer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Zygote intrafallopian transfer — (ZIFT) is an infertility treatment where a blockage in the fallopian tubes prevents the normal binding of sperm to the egg. Egg cells are removed from a woman s ovaries, and in vitro fertilised. The resulting zygote is placed into the fallopian… …   Wikipedia


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