University of Strasbourg


University of Strasbourg

The University of Strasbourg in Strasbourg, Alsace, France, founded in 1631, was divided in the 1970s into three separate institutions with a total of approximately 48,500 students as of 2007. They are (with approximate specialisations in parentheses):

Structure

* Strasbourg I - Université Louis Pasteur (science/technology)
* Strasbourg II - Université Marc Bloch (humanities)
* Strasbourg III - Université Robert Schuman (law/politics/economy)

Strasbourg I is a member of the LERU (League of European Research Universities).

History

The university emerged from a Lutheran humanist German Gymnasium , founded in 1538 by Johannes Sturm in the Free Imperial City of Strassburg. It was transformed to a university in 1631.

The German university still persisted even after the annexation of the City by King Louis XIV in 1681, but mainly turned into a French university during the French Revolution.

The university was refounded as the German "Kaiser-Wilhelm-Universität" in 1872, after the Franco-Prussian war and the annexation of Alsace-Lorraine by Germany provoked a westwards exodus of francophone teachers. In 1918 Alsace-Lorraine was returned to France, so a reverse exodus of germanophone teachers took place.

During World War II, when France was occupied, personnel and equipment of the University of Strasbourg was transferred to Clermont-Ferrand. In its place, the short-lived German Reichsuniversität Straßburg was created.

Notable academics and alumni

* Johannes Sturm (1507-1589)
* Johann Conrad Dannhauer (1603-1666)
* Antoine Deparcieux (1703-1768)
* Jean Hermann (1738-1800)
* Mikhail Illarionovich Kutuzov (1745-1813)
* Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-1832)
* Louis Ramond de Carbonnières (1755-1827)
* Maximilian von Montgelas (1759-1838)
* Klemens Wenzel von Metternich (1773-1859)
* Georg Büchner (1813-1837)
* Charles Frédéric Gerhardt (1816-1856)
* Louis Pasteur (1822-1895)
* Ambroise-Auguste Liébeault (1823-1904)
* Friedrich Daniel von Recklinghausen (1833-1910)
* Adolf von Baeyer (1835-1917), Nobel Prize in 1905
* Bernhard Naunyn (1839-1925)
* Paul Heinrich von Groth (1843-1927)
* Lujo Brentano (1844-1931)
* Joseph von Mering (1849-1908)
* Karl Ferdinand Braun (1850-1918), Nobel Prize in 1909
* Hermann Emil Fischer (1851-1919) Nobel Prize in 1902
* Albrecht Kossel (1853-1927), Nobel Prize in 1910
* Georg Simmel (1858-1918)
* Oskar Minkowski (1858-1931)
* Othmar Zeidler (1859-1911)
* Geerhardus Vos (1862-1949)
* René Leriche (1870-1955)
* Albert Schweitzer (1875-1965), Nobel Prize in 1952
* Martin Spahn (1875-1945)
* Ernest Esclangon (1876-1954)
* Paul Rohmer (1876-1977)
* Pierre Montet (1885 – 1966)
* Fred Vlès (1885-1944)
* Marc Bloch (1886–1944)
* Robert Schuman (1886-1963)
* Beno Gutenberg (1889 - 1960)
* Henri Lefebvre (1901-1991)
* Emmanuel Lévinas (1906-1995)
* Michael E. DeBakey (1908-2008)
* Antoinette Feuerwerker (1912-2003)
* Salomon Gluck (1914-1944)
* René Thom (1923-2002), Fields Medal in 1958.
* Guy Ourisson (1926-2006)
* Gabriel Vahanian (1927-)
* Yves Michaud (1930- )
* Pierre Chambon (1931-)
* Zemaryalai Tarzi (1933- )
* Alberto Fujimori (1938-)
* Liliane Ackermann (1938-2007)
* Jean-Marie Lehn (1939- ), Nobel Prize in 1987
* Philippe Lacoue-Labarthe (1940-2007)
* Jean-Luc Nancy (1940- )
* Jacques Marescaux (1948-)
* Katia and Maurice Krafft
* Arsène Wenger (1949- )

See also

* List of public universities in France by academy
* Reichsuniversität Straßburg
* Jardin botanique de l'Université de Strasbourg
* Observatory of Strasbourg

External links

* [http://collections.u-strasbg.fr/ The Art and Science collections of the University of Strasbourg]


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