New Norcia, Western Australia


New Norcia, Western Australia
New Norcia
Western Australia
New Norcia Monastry DSC04342.JPG
Monastery
New Norcia is located in Western Australia
{{{alt}}}
New Norcia
Established: 1847
Postcode: 6509
Location:
  • 132 km (82 mi) N of Perth
  • 56 km (35 mi) SE of Moora
LGA: Shire of Victoria Plains
State District: Moore
Federal Division: Durack

Coordinates: 30°57′11″S 116°11′28″E / 30.953°S 116.191°E / -30.953; 116.191

New Norcia is a town in Western Australia, 132 km (82 mi) north of Perth, along the Great Northern Highway. It is situated next to the banks of the Moore River, in the Shire of Victoria Plains.

New Norcia is the only monastic town in Australia. A ground station for the European Space Agency is located 8 km south of the town.[1]

Contents

Establishment

The Abbey Church which contains the tomb of Dom Rosendo Salvado

On 1 March 1846, a Benedictine mission to the local aborigines was started about 8 km to the north, led by the two Spanish Benedictines, Rosendo Salvado and Joseph Serra. Within a year the mission was moved to where the town is today, and on 1 March 1847 the foundation stone of the monastery was laid. The place was named New Norcia, after Norcia in Italy, the birthplace of St Benedict. Unlike the Italian Norcia, which is pronounced "nor-chee-a", New Norcia is pronounced "new nor-sia".

The town of New Norcia has buildings in a Spanish style of architecture, along with some other historical sites. Among these are the two old boarding schools, St Ildephonsus' and St Gertrude's (both now used for accommodation and various social functions), the Abbey Church (containing the tomb of Rosendo Salvado), an old mill, a wine press, a hotel, and the monastery itself. Tours of the town are operated daily by the Friends of New Norcia, who also organise the accommodation in the various buildings including the monastery retreat.[2] The Benedictine monks continue to occupy the monastery and are involved with most of the enterprises in the town.

The last Spanish Benedictine monk of New Norcia died on 18 January 2010, aged 99. He continued to prepare the bread for the monks and olive oil almost upon his death.[citation needed]

Ghost Stories

Many have claimed to have seen ghosts in this town. This is said mainly because of its religious nature and the fact the town graveyard is in the middle of the town. Claims of a pale girl seen on the top floor of the St Gertrudes Girls boarding house has been prominent with many sightings reported. Various other sightings of figures have emerged which adds to the interesting nature of the town.

Pipe Organs

There are two very interesting pipe organs located within the monastery buildings. In the Abbey Church of the Holy Trinity is a large 35 rank German organ, built in 1922 by Albert Moser of Munich. The organ was designed in consultation with the Abbey Organist Dom Moreno.[3]

The second pipe organ, of 13 ranks and much more modern in style, is located in the Oratory Chapel. This organ was built in 1983 by Belsham Pipe Organs.[4]

Colleges

St Ildephonsus' Boys' School

St Gertrude's was completed in 1908, and St Ildephonsus' was opened in 1913. Until 1964 inclusive, St Ildephonsus' was run by the Marist Brothers. From 1965 onwards, it was run by the Benedictines as St Benedict's College. In 1972, St Benedict's and St Gertrude's became co-educational, with the boys and girls sharing most of their lessons. In 1974, the two colleges became known jointly as Salvado College, but were still referred to individually as St Benedict's and St Gertrude's. In 1986, Salvado College became New Norcia Catholic College, which closed at the end of 1991.

There were also two aboriginal orphanages that housed members of the Stolen Generation; St Mary's (for boys) and St Joseph's (for girls), which closed in the early 1970s. The two buildings still exist. St Mary's is next to St Ildephonsus', and St Joseph's is next to St Gertrude's.

St Joseph's now houses the Museum and Art Gallery, which contains works by Australian and overseas artists, and displays describing the history of the area. In 1986, twenty six paintings were stolen by two robbers. Several weeks later, all but one of the stolen paintings were returned. They were badly damaged, but were eventually repaired.

Blacksmith Workshop

Abbots of New Norcia

[5]

  • Rosendo Salvado, 12 March 1867 - 29 December 1900, died as abbot, aged 86 years
  • Fulgentius Torres, 1902 - 6 October 1914, died as abbot, aged 53 years
  • Anselm Catalan, 1915 - 1951 (resigned), died 29 July 1959, aged 80 years
  • Gregory Gomez, 1951 - 1971 (resigned), died 31 May 1995, aged 91 years
  • Bernard Rooney, 31 March 1974 - 15 June 1980 (resigned)
  • Placid Spearritt, 29 January 1997 - 4 October 2008, died as abbot, aged 75 years[6]
  • John Herbert, 23 January 2009 to present

From 1983 until 1997, the Territorial Abbey had been suppressed into the Archdiocese of Perth, and Spearritt worked as an administrator.

See also

European Space Agency - New Norcia Station

References

Sources and External links


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • New Norcia Station — ESTRACK antenna undergoing repairs/maintenance New Norcia Station is a 35 metre ESTRACK radio antenna for communication with spacecraft in deep space. It is located 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) south of the town of New Norcia, Western Australia.… …   Wikipedia

  • New Norcia — • Benedictine abbey in Western Australia Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. New Norcia     New Norcia     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Western Australia — Western Australian. a state in W Australia. 1,273,624; 975,920 sq. mi. (2,527,635 sq. km). Cap.: Perth. * * * State (pop., 2001: 1,906,114), western Australia. Covering 976,790 sq mi (2,529,880 sq km), it constitutes one third of the continent s… …   Universalium

  • New Norcia Cricket Team — The New Norcia Cricket Team, early 1880s, captained by Henry Lefroy who would later become the 11th Premier of Western Australia. The star player was Johnny Blurton, back row, second from the right. Johnny Walley is back row, extreme right. Front …   Wikipedia

  • Cricket in Western Australia — Cricket is one of the most popular sports in Western Australia. The governing body of the game in WA is the Western Australian Cricket Association (WACA). Western Australia is represented at Sheffield Shield and domestic one day level by the… …   Wikipedia

  • North Bannister, Western Australia — North Bannister Western Australia …   Wikipedia

  • Moorine Rock, Western Australia — Moorine Rock Western Australia …   Wikipedia

  • Mount Kokeby, Western Australia — Mount Kokeby Western Australia Established: 1889 Postcode: 6304 Elevation: 243 m (797 ft) …   Wikipedia

  • Portal:Western Australia — Wikipedia portals: Culture Geography Health History Mathematics Natural sciences People Philosophy Religion Society Technology The Western Australia Portal …   Wikipedia

  • Kalumburu, Western Australia — Kalumburu Western Australia …   Wikipedia