North Yemen

North Yemen
Location of North Yemen in the Arabian Peninsula
FIAV historical.svg Flag of North Yemen: Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen (1927–1962)
FIAV historical.svg Flag of North Yemen: Yemen Arab Republic (1962–1990)

North Yemen is a term currently used to designate the Yemen Arab Republic (1962–1990), its predecessor, the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen (1918–1962), and their predecessors that exercised sovereignty over the territory that is now the north-western part of the state of Yemen in southern Arabia.

Neither state ever self-designated as "North Yemen" and the term only came into general use when the Federation of South Arabia gained independence as the People's Republic of Yemen in 1967 making such a distinction necessary. Prior to 1967, both states were known in short form simply as "Yemen." In 1970, South Yemen changed its name to the People's Democratic Republic of Yemen thus eliminating any directional reference in either of the Yemens' official names but the existence of two Yemens preserved the North Yemen and South Yemen designations in popular parlance. Alternate forms were "Yemen (Sanaa)" for North Yemen and "Yemen (Aden)" for South Yemen after their respective capital cities.

The merger of the two Yemens in 1990 ended the term's association with an independent state but "North Yemen" continues to be used to refer to the area of the former Yemen Arab Republic and its history and, anachronistically, to pre-1967 polities and events (e.g., the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen or the North Yemen Civil War).

Basic information

See also

Coordinates: 15°21′17″N 44°12′24″E / 15.35472°N 44.20667°E / 15.35472; 44.20667

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • North Yemen — North′ Yem′en n. geg Yemen Arab Republic …   From formal English to slang

  • North Yemen — /nɔθ ˈjɛmən/ (say nawth yemuhn) noun (formerly) a republic in the south west of the Arabian peninsula; part of the Ottoman Empire, then an independent kingdom until civil war 1962–67; a republic from 1967; in 1990 united with South Yemen.… …   Australian English dictionary

  • North Yemen — noun A country in the Middle East until 1990 …   Wiktionary

  • North Yemen Civil War — Yemen Civil War and Yemeni Civil War redirect here. For other uses, see Yemen Civil War (disambiguation). North Yemen Civil War Part of the Cold War …   Wikipedia

  • North Yemen at the 1988 Summer Olympics — North Yemen at the Olympic Games Flag of North Yemen – Flag bearers …   Wikipedia

  • North Yemen at the 1984 Summer Olympics — North Yemen at the Olympic Games Flag of North Yemen – Flag bearers …   Wikipedia

  • North Yemen Cup of the Republic — The North Yemen Cup of the Republic was an association football competition run by the Yemen Football Association (YFA). It was played between 1977 until 1984. Finals Season Winner 1978 Al Wahda (San a ) 1979 Al Zuhra (San a ) 1980 …   Wikipedia

  • United States Ambassador to North Yemen — The area on the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula that is now Yemen is one of the oldest centers of civilization in the Middle East. Between the 12th century BC and the 6th century AD, it was part of the Minaean, Sabaean, and Himyarite… …   Wikipedia

  • Yemen national football team — Yemen Nickname(s) Al Yemen A sa eed (اليمن السعيد) Association Yemen Football Association …   Wikipedia

  • YEMEN — YEMEN, country in S.W. corner of the Arabian Peninsula; capital, Sanʿa. The Land and the People The southern part of the Arabian Peninsula is called al Yaman (the south), after which the country is named in the West. In pre Islamic times there… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.