Eleanor J. Gibson

Eleanor J. Gibson

Infobox Scientist
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birth_date = December 7, 1910
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death_date = December 30, 2002
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field = psychology
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Eleanor J. Gibson (December 7, 1910 - December 30, 2002) was an important American psychologist. Among her contributions to psychology, the most important are the study of perception in infants and toddlers. She is popularly known for the "visual cliff" experiment in which precocial animals, and crawling human infants, showed their ability to perceive depth by avoiding the deep side of a virtual cliff. Along with her husband J. J. Gibson, she forwarded the concept that perceptual learning takes place by differentiation.

The "Visual Cliff" was "a wooden table from the edge of which strong plate glass extended," Life magazine reported in 1959. "Children were put on the table top and coaxed to crawl out over the glass," the magazine said. "But when they got to the edge of the cliff and looked down almost all of them quickly withdrew. Even their mothers' most persuasive urgings could not get them out." Similar studies were done with animals, including rats and kittens.

The findings indicated that perception is an essentially adaptive process, or as Dr. Gibson put it, "We perceive to learn, as well as learn to perceive."

In 1982, she was invited to Beijing to teach Chinese psychologists about recent theories and techniques of research.

External links

* http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_g2699/is_0004/ai_2699000482

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eleanor J. Gibson — Eleanor Jack Gibson (* 7. Dezember 1910 in Peoria, Illinois, USA; † 30. Dezember 2002 in Columbia, South Carolina) war eine US amerikanische Entwicklungspsychologin und hat sich vor allem mit der Entwicklung der Wahrnehmung von Säuglingen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Gibson (surname) — Notable people with the surname Gibson= * Alexander Gibson (conductor) (1926 – 1995), Scottish composer and music director * Alexander Gibson (industrialist) (1819 – 1913), Canadian industrialist * Alfred Gibson (? – 1874), Australian explorer *… …   Wikipedia

  • Gibson — /gib seuhn/, n. a dry martini cocktail garnished with a pearl onion. [1925 30; after the surname Gibson] /gib seuhn/, n. 1. Althea, born 1927, U.S. tennis player. 2. Charles Dana /day neuh/, 1867 1944, U.S. artist and illustrator. 3. Josh(ua),… …   Universalium

  • Gibson, James J(erome) — born Jan. 27, 1904, McConnelsville, Ohio, U.S. died Dec. 11, 1979, Ithaca, N.Y. U.S. psychologist and philosopher. He taught at Smith College (1928–49) and Cornell University (1949–72). He is best known for his adherence to realism and his… …   Universalium

  • Gibson, James J(erome) — (27 ene. 1904, McConnelsville, Ohio, EE.UU.–11 dic. 1979, Ithaca, N.Y.). Psicólogo y filósofo estadounidense. Enseñó en el Smith College (1928–49) y en la Universidad de Cornell (1949–72). Su mayor contribución fue su adhesión al realismo y sus… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Eleanor Scott — (born July 23, 1951, Inverness) is a Scottish politician. She is a former Scottish Green Party Member of the Scottish Parliament for the Highlands and Islands. Elected to the Scottish Parliament in 2003, her partner is fellow MSP Rob Gibson, who… …   Wikipedia

  • Eleanor — /el euh neuhr, nawr /, n. a female given name, form of Helen. Also, Eleanora /el ee euh nawr euh, nohr euh/. * * * (as used in expressions) Atwood Margaret Eleanor Burbidge Eleanor Margaret Eleanor Margaret Peachey Eleanor of Aquitaine Eleanor of …   Universalium

  • Eleanor — (as used in expressions) Atwood, Margaret (Eleanor) Burbidge, (Eleanor) Margaret Eleanor Margaret Peachey Gibson, Eleanor J(ack) Eleanor Jack Glueck, Sheldon y Glueck, Eleanor Eleanor Touroff Roosevelt, (Anna) Eleanor …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gibson — ► Desierto de Australia occidental, al S del trópico de Capricornio, entre el Gran Desierto de Arena (N) y el Gran Desierto Victoria (S). Gibson, Ian * * * (as used in expressions) Gibson, Althea Gibson, Bob Pack Robert Gibson Gibson, Charles… …   Enciclopedia Universal

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