National Culture Policy

National Culture Policy

The National Culture Policy introduced in 1970 in Malaysia, emphasised an assimilation of the non-Malays into the Malay ethnic group. However, during the 1990s Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad rejected this approach, with his Bangsa Malaysia policy emphasising a Malaysian instead of Malay identity for the state.

Malaysian National Culture Policy is defined in the "1971 National Culture Policy". [1] It defines 3 principles as guidelines for 'national culture':

  1. The National Culture must be based on the indigenous [Malay] culture
  2. Suitable elements from the other cultures may be accepted as part of the national culture
  3. Islam is an important component in the moulding of the National Culture.


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