- Stepan Vytvytskyi
order= 2nd President of UPR in exile
death_date=death date and age|1965|10|9|1884|3|13|df=y
New York City, New York
Stepan Vytvytskyi ( _uk. Степан Витвицький) (
13 March, 1884near Stanislaviv — 9 October, 1965in New York City, United States) was a Ukrainian politician, diplomat, and journalist. He was the President of the Ukrainian People's Republic in exile (1954-1965).
Stepan Vytvytskyi was born on
13 March, 1884, in the area surrounding the city of Stanislaviv, Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeriain Austria-Hungary("now Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine"). He studied at the law faculties of the Lviv and Vienna Universities. During his years as a student, Vytvytskyi was the head of "Academic Hromada" in Lvivand the organization "Sich" in Vienna. In 1910, he began his practice as a lawer in Drohobych. In 1914, he entered the Legion of Ukrainian Sich Riflemen military organization. From 1915-1918, he was a member of the editorial board of the newspaper "Dila", and an editor on the "Svoboda" newspaper, both being based in Lviv.
While being a member of the Ukrainian National-Democratical Party ("UNDP") in October 1918, he was elected as a secretary of the "Ukrainian National Rada" of the
West Ukrainian People's Republic("ZUNR"). He was a member of the Ukrainian People's Republic("UPR") Tsentralna Radaand the governmental secretary of foreign affairs of the UPR. As a secretary of the Ukrainian National Rada, he was a member of the delegation of the ZUNR at the "Worker's Congress of Ukraine" in Kyiv, and a delegation member of the act of merging the ZUNR and UPR on January 22, 1919.
Since October 1919, he was the speaker of the diplomatic missions of the
Directory of Ukrainein Warsaw. For some time, Vytvytskyi headed the secretary of foreign affairs in the government of ZUNR in exile in Vienna. In 1921−1923, he headed the ZUNR mission in Parisand London, persuading the governments of these countries (" France, United Kingdom") to recognize the occupation of the eastern territory of Galicia by Poland, and help with the re-establishment of its independence.
In 1924, he continued his lawyer practice in Drohobych. From 1935−1939, he was elected to the Polish Sejm from the Drohobycz district. With the occupation of Galicia by
Bolsheviksin 1939, he left Drohobych and emigrated to the west. In 1945, he was elected as the co-speaker of the "Central Ukrainian Emigration Commission" in Germany. After the death of Andriy Livytskyiin 1954, Stepan Vytvytskyi was elected as the president of the Ukrainian People's Republic in exile. He died in New York Cityon October 9, 1965, and was buried at the cemetery of Bound Brook, New Jersey.
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