Visarion Ljubiša


Visarion Ljubiša

Visarion Ljubiša (1823, Sveti Stefan, Austria-Hungary14 April 1884, Cetinje, Montenegro) was the Serbian Orthodox Metropolitan of Montenegro from 1882 to 1884.

Early Life and Schooling

Ljubiša was born in the village of Sveti Stefan to the Paštrovići clan. He lost his father, who was a sailor like many of his compatriots, when he was only three. When he reached school age, his mother sent him to his grandfather, Abbot Savo Ljubiša, at the Praskavica monastery. He completed his primary education in a lay school in Risan and was then sent the Serb Orthodox clerical school in Šibenik, which in 1841 was elevated to the rank of seminary during his studies there.

In the church

After he finished his studies in 1844, he returned to Praskavica, where he became a monk and was consecrated as a priest. Subsequently, he served as a teacher in monastery schools (often the only existing Serb schools in those days) in Praskavica, Podlastva, Podmaine, Reževići, and Savina (all in the littoral). In 1858, he was appointed priest and teacher in Perast. In 1867, he became the abbot of monastery Morača in Montenegro and two years later the abbot of the Cetinje Monastery (which was the seat of metropolitan) and professor to the newly opened seminary. From 1872 to 1875 he was the rector of the Cetinje Seminary. In the Montenegrin-Turkish war of 1876 - 1878, he was appointed as a priest with the general staff. His dignified and brave behavior made it to the folk epic song. In 1876 he became the president of the newly founded Red Cross of Montenegro. From 1878 to 1882, he was the head of the Zahumlje-Ras bishopric, founded in the newly acquired territories of Montenegro. His seat was in Ostrog Monastery which he enlarged. His work as bishop was devoted and thorough; especially important was the fact that Ljubiša introduced pedant church administration that he knew well from his earlier work in the Littoral.

Metropolitan

After the death of Ilarion Roganović, and the administration of abbot Mitrofan Ban, on 6th of December 1882, Ljubiša became the Metropolitan of Montenegro. About the same time, the Ministry of Education of Montenegro was formed and Ljubiša, as an experienced teacher and organizer, became its first administrator. He was also a member of the State Council. He died of tuberculosis in 1884 and was buried in the courtyard of Vlaška Church in Cetinje. He left his house in main Cetinje street to the poor.

Literature

*"Pravoslavlje u Crnoj Gori", Cetinje 2006
*Miroslav Luketić, "Budva, Sveti Stefan, Petrovac", Budva - Cetinje 1966
*Radoslav Grujić, "Azbučnik Srpske pravoslavne crkve", Beograd 1993

Trivia

*Visarion was first cousin of famous writer Stjepan Mitrov Ljubiša.

*He was the key assistant of Baltazar Bogišić in his gathering of material for the writing of Montenegrin common law.


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