Chronophilia


Chronophilia

The term chronophilia was used by John Money that he defined as a form of paraphilia in which an individual experiences sexual attraction limited to individuals of particular age ranges.[1][2] The term has not been widely adopted by sexologists, who instead use terms that refer to the specific age range in question.

Sexual preferences based on age

  • Paedophilia is a psychological disorder in which an adult or older adolescent experiences a sexual preference for prepubescent children.[3][4] According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), paedophilia is specified as a form of paraphilia in which a person either has intense sexual urges towards children, and experiences recurrent sexual urges towards and fantasies about children that he or she has acted on or that cause distress or interpersonal difficulty.[5] The diagnosis can be made under the DSM or ICD criteria for persons age 16 and older.[6] The disorder is common among persons who commit child sexual abuse;[7][8][9] although some offenders do not meet the clinical diagnosis standards for paedophilia.[10] Nepiophilia and infantophilia describe a sexual preference for toddlers and infants (usually ages 0–3).[11]
  • The term paedohebephilia refers to an expansion and reclassification of paedophilia with subgroups in the DSM-5.[12]. It refers more broadly to sexual attractions. People who are dysfunctional as a result of it are diagnosed with paedohebephilic disorder. People are broken down into types based on the idea of being attracted to one, the other or both. Hebephilia is described below.
  • Hebephilia and ephebophilia are sexual preference for pubescent and post-pubescent youths, respectively.[13][14] Hebephilia is the sexual preference for pubescent individuals,[14] and ephebophilia is the sexual preference for mid-to-late adolescents (generally 16–19 years).[13][14] The term hebephilia was introduced by Glueck (1955).[15] Kurt Freund (and Aleš Kolářský) use the term adolescentophilia for a sexual preference of pubescent and/or adolescent youths. In this context, the adolescentophilia focused on boys is ephebophilia (from the Greek ephebos), the adolescentophilia focused on girls is hebephilia (the terms korophilia and parthenophilia are sometimes used in similar meanings). Freund and Kolářský differentiate both ephebophilia and hebephilia by the preferred age: ephebophilia and hebephilia I (age of early puberty), II (middle adolescence) and III (late adolescence).[16]
  • Teleiophilia (from Greek teleios, "full grown") is erotic or sexual interest in adults.[17] Teleiophilia is not restricted by the teleiophile's age.[citation needed] Sex-specific attractions to persons are "gynephilia and androphilia". Teleiophilia was also called adultophilia.[18]
  • Gerontophilia and graeophilia describe erotic or sexual preference for the elderly.[19]

See also

References

Notes
  1. ^ John Money (1986) "Lovemaps: clinical concepts of sexual/erotic health and pathology, paraphilia, and gender transposition of childhood, adolescence, and maturity, ISBN 0829015892, pp. 70, 260
  2. ^ John Money (1990) Gay, Straight, and In-Between: The Sexology of Erotic Orientation, ISBN 0195054075, pp 137, 183
  3. ^ World Health Organization, International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems: ICD-10 Section F65.4: Paedophilia (online access via ICD-10 site map table of contents)
  4. ^ Blanchard, R.; Kolla, N. J.; Cantor, J. M.; Klassen, P. E.; Dickey, R.; Kuban, M. E.; Blak, T. (2007). "IQ, handedness, and paedophilia in adult male patients stratified by referral source". Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment 19 (3): 285–309. doi:10.1177/107906320701900307. 
  5. ^ [|American Psychiatric Association] (2000-06). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV TR (Text Revision). Arlington, VA, USA: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.. p. 943. doi:10.1176/appi.books.9780890423349. ISBN 978-0890420249. http://www.psychiatryonline.com/resourceTOC.aspx?resourceID=1. 
  6. ^ The ICD-10 Classification of Mental and Behavioral Disorders – Diagnostic criteria for researchPDF (715 KB) (see F65.4, pp. 166–167)
  7. ^ Finkelhor, David; Sharon Araji (1986). A Sourcebook on Child Sexual Abuse: Sourcebook on Child Sexual Abuse. Sage Publications. p. 90. ISBN 0803927495. 
  8. ^ Fagan PJ, Wise TN, Schmidt CW, Berlin FS (November 2002). "Paedophilia". JAMA 288 (19): 2458–65. doi:10.1001/jama.288.19.2458. PMID 12435259. http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=12435259. 
  9. ^ HALL, MD, RYAN C. W.; AND RICHARD C. W. HALL, MD, PA.. "A Profile of Paedophilia: Definition, Characteristics of Offenders, Recidivism, Treatment Outcomes, and Forensic Issues" (PDF). Mayo Clin Proc (MAYO FOUNDATION FOR MEDICAL EDUCATION AND RESEARCH) 82:457-471 2007. http://www.mayoclinicproceedings.com/pdf%2F8204%2F8204sa.pdf. 
  10. ^ Edwards, M. (1997) "Treatment for Paedophiles; Treatment for Sex Offenders." Paedophile Policy and Prevention, Australian Institute of Criminology Research and Public Policy Series (12), 74-75.
  11. ^ Laws, D. Richard; William T. O'Donohue (2008). Sexual Deviance: Theory, Assessment, and Treatment. Guilford Press. p. 176. ISBN 1593856059. 
  12. ^ DSM-5 U 03
  13. ^ a b Krafft-Ebing, R., & Moll, A. (1924). Psychopathia sexualis. Stuttgart: Ferdinand Enke.
  14. ^ a b c Blanchard, R. Blanchard, R., Lykins, A. D., Wherrett, D., Kuban, M. E., Cantor, J. M., Blak, T., Dickey, R., & Klassen, P. E. (2008). Paedophilia, hebephilia, and the DSM–V. Archives of Sexual Behavior. DOI 10.1007/s10508-008-9399-9.
  15. ^ Glueck, B. C., Jr. (1955). Final report: Research project for the study and treatment of persons convicted of crimes involving sexual aberrations. June 1952 to June 1955. New York: New York State Department of Mental Hygiene.
  16. ^ Aleš Kolářský: Jak porozumět sexuálním deviacím : Teoretická východiska sexodiagnostiky – cesta k tvorbě vlastního náhledu a k realizaci sexuality v mezích zákona, Galén, Praha, 2008, ISBN 978-80-7262-504-8, p. 68, chap. 3.4.2 Adolescentofilie
  17. ^ Blanchard, R.; Barbaree, H. E.; Bogaert, A. F.; Dickey, R.; Klassen, P.; Kuban, M. E. et al.; Zucker, KJ (2000). "Fraternal birth order and sexual orientation in paedophiles". Archives of Sexual Behavior 29 (5): 463–478. doi:10.1023/A:1001943719964. PMID 10983250. 
  18. ^ Jay R. Feierman: „Reply to Dickemann: The ethology of variant sexology“, Human Nature, Springer New York, vol. 3, No 3, September 1992, pp. 279–297
  19. ^ Kaul, A.; Duffy, S. (1991). "Gerontophilia: A case report". Medicine, Science and the Law 31: 110–114. 



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