Zaraysk ( _ru. Зарайск) is a town in
Moscow Oblast, Russia, the administrative center of Zaraysky District, situated about 100 km south from Moscow. Population: 25,093 (2002 Census); 26,958 (1989 Census).
The town stands on the right bank of the
Osyotr River, which is a right confluent of the Oka. In the Middle Ages, the town belonged to the Princes of Ryazanand was known as Krasnoye (13th century) and Novogorodok-upon-the-Osetr (14th and 15th centuries). From 1528 onwards the town was called "the town of Nikola Zarazsky" and only by the beginning of 17th century it received its present name of Zaraysk. Before the 20th century the town was part of Ryazan guberniya, as its architecture and vernacular dialect seem closer to Ryazan than to Moscow.
Muscovite Russia, Zaraysk was one of the fortresses forming a part of the Great Abatis Border, a fortified line of felled trees, barricades, fortresses, ditches, which were built by Russians as a protection against the hordes of the Crimean and Kazan Tatars. In 1531 a stone kremlinwas built in place of the former wooden citadel. The Tatars failed to take the fortress during their raids in 1533, 1541 and 1570. It was briefly captured by the Lisowczycyduring the Time of Troubles.
The limestone kremlin in Zaraysk still stands and is kept in a rather good condition. The citadel is very small and has a rectangular shape, with only six towers, two of which are pierced by the gates. Zaraysk is home to five churches, the oldest of which is St. Nicholas Cathedral, consecrated in 1681. There are public statues of
Prince Pozharskywho led the defense of the citadel in 1611, and Dostoevsky, whose family had a manor near Zaraysk. At present Zaraysk is an industrial center of the district, with polygraphy, building materials, foodstuff and footwear industry.
* [http://www.towns.ru/towns/zaraysk_en.html History and attractions of Zaraysk]
*ru icon [http://veszarajsk.narod.ru Zaraysk on the internet]
* [http://veszarajsk.narod.ru/galery.htm Photos] with annotations in Russian.
* [http://fortress.vif2.ru/list/zaraysk/gallery/index.htm Another gallery]
* [http://www.primtech.net/zaraysk/zar95.html Small gallery] with comments in English.
* [http://www.auto-travel.ru/photo/serg110104/ Kolomna and Zaraysk in winter]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Zaraysk — Original name in latin Zaraysk Name in other language ZARAJSK, Zaraisk, Zarajsk, Zaraysk, ЗАРАЙСК State code RU Continent/City Europe/Moscow longitude 54.7605 latitude 38.87841 altitude 167 Population 24637 Date 2012 01 17 … Cities with a population over 1000 database
Anna Golubkina — Anna Semyonovna Golubkina ( ru. Анна Семёновна Голубкина; January 16 1864 September 7 1927) was a Russian impressionist sculptor. As the first Russian sculptor to receive the Paris Salon prize, she is regarded as the first female Russian sculptor … Wikipedia
Kremlin — La palabra rusa Kremlin, designa a la ciudadela de una ciudad. Las urbes antiguas de Rusia no estaban custodiadas por murallas, sin embargo, sus respectivas partes centrales (donde estaba situada la catedral, el palacio del soberano, entre otros… … Wikipedia Español
Moscow Oblast — Московская область (Russian) Oblast … Wikipedia
Mozhaysk — (English) Можайск (Russian) Town … Wikipedia
Venus figurines — Venus of Willendorf Venus figurines is an umbrella term for a number of prehistoric statuettes of women portrayed with similar physical attributes from the Upper Palaeolithic, mostly found in Europe, but with finds as far east as Irkutsk Oblast,… … Wikipedia
Dmitrov — (English) Дмитров (Russian) Town … Wikipedia
Sarajsk — Stadt Saraisk Зарайск Flagge Wappen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Zaraisk — Stadt Saraisk Зарайск Flagge Wappen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Zaraisk — Зарáйск Zaraisk Bandera … Wikipedia Español