Audubon Ballroom

Audubon Ballroom

The Audubon Ballroom was a theatre and ballroom located in the Washington Heights neighborhood of Upper Manhattan, north of Harlem. It is best-known as the site of Malcolm X's assassination on February 21, 1965.

The Audubon Ballroom was built in 1912 by film producer William Fox, who later founded the Fox Film Corporation. Fox hired Thomas W. Lamb, one of the foremost American theater architects, as its designer. Among the architectural highlights in the façade of the Audubon Ballroom are brown foxes between the windows on the second floor, intended to flatter Fox. [ Discovering Northern Manhattan: Guide to Washington Heights and Inwood] , Chamber of Commerce of Washington Heights and Inwood, Inc.]

During its history, the Audubon Ballroom was used as a vaudeville house, a movie theater, and a meeting hall. In the 1930s, Congregation Emes Wozedek, a synagogue whose members were predominantly Jewish immigrants from Germany, began to use the Audubon Ballroom to conduct its religious services.Steven M. Lowenstein, "Frankfurt on the Hudson: The German-Jewish Community of Washington Heights, 1933-1983, Its Structure and Culture" (Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1991) pp. 109-110. ISBN 0-8143-2385-5.] In 1950, the congregants purchased the building, and they continued to hold services there until 1983.James Renner, " [ History of WaHI: Audubon Ballroom] ", Washington Heights & Inwood Online, May 2003.]

After Malcolm X left the Nation of Islam in 1964, he founded the Organization of Afro-American Unity (OAAU). The weekly meetings of the OAAU were held at the Audubon Ballroom and it was at one of those meetings, on February 21, 1965, that Malcolm X was assassinated.

In 1992, Columbia University began the process of demolishing the Audubon Ballroom and replacing it with the Audubon Business and Technology Center, a university-related biotechnology research park that is a public-private partnership between Columbia University Medical Center and the New York state and city governments. Historic preservation groups unsuccessfully sued to prevent its demolition, [cite web |url= |title=A Proposal to Raze Audubon Ballroom Causes Controversy |accessdate=2008-04-14 |last=Buder |first=Leonard |date=May 3, 1990 |work=The New York Times ] and a group of Columbia students occupied Hamilton Hall on campus in protest. Eventually, the University reached a compromise with local community groups. [The University as Urban Developer: Case Studies and Analysis, by David C. Perry, Wim Wiewel, Lincoln Institute, 2005 pp. 54 ff.] Under the agreement, the University restored a portion of the original façade of the Audubon Ballroom and built a museum inside to honor Malcolm X. In 2005 the University announced the opening of the museum, the Malcolm X and Dr. Betty Shabazz Memorial and Educational Center.


Further reading


External links

* [ Audubon Business and Technology Center]
* [ Malcolm X and Dr. Betty Shabazz Memorial and Educational Center]
*" [ Columbia's History of Displacing Communities ] ", Stop Columbia - a website of the Coalition to Preserve Community.
*" [ Malcolm X and Dr. Betty Shabazz Memorial and Educational Center Launches] ", "Columbia News", May 17, 2005.
* [ Multimedia Kiosks for the Malcolm X and Dr. Betty Shabazz Memorial and Educational Center] , Columbia University.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hammerstein Ballroom — The Hammerstein Ballroom is a two tiered, 12,000 square feet (1115m2) ballroom located within the Manhattan Center Studios on 311 West 34th Street in Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States of America. It is known for its elegant… …   Wikipedia

  • Roseland Ballroom — The Roseland Ballroom (also referred to as Roseland Dance City) is a catering hall/music venue/dance hall in a converted ice skating rink with a colorful ballroom dancing pedigree in New York City s theatre district on West 52nd Street.The venue… …   Wikipedia

  • List of Honorverse characters — This is intended to be a comprehensive list of the names of even minor fictional character in the Honorverse, a series of military science fiction novels written by David Weber. Characters are sorted by their last name. Some are sorted by first… …   Wikipedia

  • Mesa (Honorverse) — Infobox HonorverseOrganizations name = Mesa formofgovernment = Corporate Monopoly officiallanguage = Standard English homeplanet = Mesa capital = headofstate = headofgovernment = Head of the Mesan Strategy Council (governing council)… …   Wikipedia

  • Malcolm X — This article is about the person. For other uses, see Malcolm X (disambiguation). Malik Shabazz redirects here. For other people of that name, see Malik Shabazz (disambiguation). Malcolm X …   Wikipedia

  • Mesa (Honorverse) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mesa. Mesa est une nation étoile fictive qui apparaît dans l’Honorverse de David Weber. Dans les romans et les histoires plus récents de l’Honorverse, Mesa devient lentement le principal antagoniste, bien qu… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Malcolm X and Dr. Betty Shabazz Memorial and Educational Center — Entrance to the Audubon Ballroom and the Shabazz Center The Malcolm X and Dr. Betty Shabazz Memorial and Educational Center is a memorial to Malcolm X and Betty Shabazz located in New York City. Its stated purpose is to carry on the work of… …   Wikipedia

  • Betty Shabazz — Born Betty Dean Sanders May 28, 1934(1934 05 28) Pinehurst, Georgia, or Detroit, Michigan, U.S …   Wikipedia

  • List of organizations in the Honorverse — universe, created by David Weber. Contents 1 Audubon Ballroom 2 Brotherhood of Maccabeus 3 Church of Humanity Unchained 3.1 History …   Wikipedia

  • Washington Heights, Manhattan — Washington Heights seen from the west tower of the George Washington Bridge, the world s busiest motor vehicle bridge.[1] Note Little Red Lighthouse at base of east tower. Washington Heights is a New York City …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.