- History of Berkshire
Berkshirehas been bordered to the north by the ancient boundary of the River Thames. However, much of the border with Oxfordshirefor the western part of the county was moved in 1974. Alfred the Greatwas born in Wantage, previously in Berkshire but now in Oxfordshire. The Great Western Railwayreached Didcotin 1839. MG (part of Morris Motors) was founded in Abingdon in 1929.
Vale of White Horseand parts of Oxfordshire south of the River Thameswere previously part of Berkshire, but were lost to the county in 1974. Conversely, the Caversham area of Reading north of the Thames was traditionally part of Oxfordshire, but is now in Berkshire.
Important historical abbeys include
Abingdon Abbey, Dorchester Abbeyand Reading Abbey. Oscar Wildewas imprisoned in Reading Gaolafter his court case.
The county is known as the Royal County of Berkshire since the Royal residence of
Windsor Castleis in the county. Politically, the county is now made up of unitary authories.
* [http://www.berkshirehistory.com/ Royal Berkshire History] by David Nash Ford, including [http://www.berkshirehistory.com/articles/berks_hist01.html an introduction]
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