Aliʻi is a word in the Polynesian language (and other related languages) denoting chiefly status in ancient Hawaii and the Samoa Islands. A similar word with the same concept is found in other Polynesian societies. In the Cook Islands, an ariki is a high chief and the House of Ariki is a parliamentary house (with very limited power). In New Zealand a Māori ariki held a rank of nobility and the Maori monarch held the title Te Arikinui (Great Chief) similar to Ke Aliʻi Nui in Hawaiian. In Tokelau, the term aliki denotes a chief, on Easter Island a noble was ariki and in Tahiti the term is ari'i.
In ancient Hawaiian society, ali'i was a hereditary chiefly or noble rank (social class or caste). The aliʻi class consisted of the high and lesser chiefs of the various realms in the islands. They governed with divine power called mana. The aliʻi were the highest class, ranking above both kahuna (priests) and makaʻāinana (commoners).
Most common translations are "'Chief", and "High Chief", although lord and lady were sometimes sometimes considered equivalent English titles. Proposals to use prince and princess have not received broad support.
All the aliʻi Hawaiian dynasties of the several islands were interrelated, and apparently forbidden to intermarry with other classes.
Aliʻi were full of mana and could place and remove kapu (curse or taboo) on objects. Aliʻi continued to rule the Hawaiian islands until 1893 when Queen Liliʻuokalani passively resisted the attempts to substitute the Constitutional Monarchy, Government, and supporting Aliʻi, in a coup arranged by filibusters.
Alii is also a term that means hello in Palauan Language.
Aliʻi ʻAimoku were high chiefs of an island. The four largest Hawaiian islands (Hawaiʻi proper, Maui, Kauaʻi, and Oʻahu) were usually ruled each by their own aliʻi ʻaimoku. Molokaʻi also had a line of island kings, but was later subjected to the superior power of nearby Maui and Oʻahu during the 17th and 18th centuries. Under an aliʻi ʻaimoku, subordinate district aliʻi controlled their petty fiefs. But these petty fiefs could sometimes encompass one-sixth of an island, since the islands were usually divided into six districts. These feudal lords were aliʻi nui of their district and were styled as "Aliʻi-o-Name of District".
Mōʻī was a special title for the highest chief of the island of Maui, otherwise also known as Aliʻi ʻAimoku of Maui. Later, the title was used for all kings of the Hawaiian Islands and the Hawaiian monarchs.
Kaukaualiʻi was a chief of inferior rank who was a noble only on his father's side, with an inferior-ranking mother. Kaukaualiʻi usually gain rank through marriage with higher ranking aliʻi. Some bore kahili, royal standards made of feathers, and were attendants of the higher ranking aliʻi. During the monarchy these chiefs served as the primary political figures in the Hawaiian legislature and the king's Privy Council.
Ranks of the Aliʻi: First were the Aliʻi Pio who were product of full blood sibling unions. Famous Pio chiefs were the royal twins, Kameeiamoku and Kamanawa. Next were the Aliʻi Naha who were product of half blood sibling unions, famous Naha chiefs include Keopuolani. After that was the Aliʻi Wohi who were product of marriage of close relatives other than siblings; one famous Wohi chief being Kamehameha I. Last came the inferior chiefs.
Internecine warfare between heirs of rulers was common in ancient Hawaiʻi. Warfare between chiefs was also common.
Commoner or lesser Aliʻi served the Higher ranking Aliʻi, not for pay, but instead, due to their duty to allegiance to the nation.
Higher aliʻi gave lesser aliʻi parcels of land, which would in turn be governed them. The lesser aliʻi divided the land into plots to be farmed and cultivated by makaʻainana families. Harvests were returned to the lesser aliʻi, each taking a portion before being sent to the supreme aliʻi.
Both the reigning dynasties of the united Kingdom of Hawaiʻi (1810–1893) were of aliʻi class. As each relative of those dynasties was entitled to the title aliʻi, they have later, posthumously, been popularly labeled (mostly erroneously) princesses and princes, although only a limited number of royal relatives ever received the princely title from the monarch.
- Ancient Hawaiʻi
- Kingdom of Hawaiʻi
- List of Ali'i Aimoku of Hawai'i
- List of Ali'i Aimoku of Kauai
- List of Ali'i Aimoku of Oahu
- List of Ali'i Aimoku of Maui
- List of Ali'i Aimoku of Molokai
- Politics of Samoa
- ^ Duranti, Alessandro (2009). Linguistic anthropology. John Wiley and Sons. p. 234. ISBN 1-4051-2632-9. http://books.google.co.nz/books?id=ptk9xUamLeUC&pg=PA209&lpg=PA209&dq=ali'i+Polynesian+word#v=onepage&q=ali'i&f=false. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
- ^ Fana'afi Le Tagaloa, Aiono (1986). "Western Samoa: the sacred covenant". Land Rights of Pacific Women. Institute of Pacific Studies of the University of the South Pacific. p. 103. ISBN 9820200121. http://www.google.co.nz/books?id=wNDgF7Y9hr4C&lpg=PP1&dq=Land%20rights%20of%20Pacific%20women%E2%80%8E&pg=PA103#v=onepage&q=&f=false. Retrieved 6 July 2010.
- ^ Mary Kawena Pukui and Samuel Hoyt Elbert (2003). "lookup of aliʻi ". in Hawaiian Dictionary. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. http://wehewehe.org/gsdl2.5/cgi-bin/hdict?j=pk&l=en&q=alii&d=. Retrieved September 19, 2010.
- ^ Mary Kawena Pukui and Samuel Hoyt Elbert (2003). "lookup of mana ". in Hawaiian Dictionary. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. http://wehewehe.org/gsdl2.5/cgi-bin/hdict?j=pk&l=en&q=mana&d=D12710. Retrieved September 19, 2010.
- ^ Mary Kawena Pukui and Samuel Hoyt Elbert (2003). "lookup of nui ". in Hawaiian Dictionary. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. http://wehewehe.org/gsdl2.5/cgi-bin/hdict?j=pk&l=en&q=nui&d=. Retrieved September 19, 2010.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
ALI — ist Ali, ein männlicher Vorname arabischer Herkunft Ali, Kurzform deutscher Vornamen wie Albrecht, Albert, Alberich, Albin, Alfons o.ä. (bisweilen scherzhaft auf den bekannten arabischen Namen verweisend) Alì (Sizilien), eine Stadt der Provinz… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Alì — Ali ist Ali, ein männlicher Vorname arabischer Herkunft Ali, Kurzform deutscher Vornamen wie Albrecht, Albert, Alberich, Albin, Alfons o.ä. (bisweilen scherzhaft auf den bekannten arabischen Namen verweisend) Alì (Sizilien), eine Stadt der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ali — [ʕaliː] (arabisch علي, DMG ʿAlī ‚der Hohe, Erhabene‘) ist ein männlicher Vorname arabischer Herkunft, der neben Muhammad in allen islamischen Richtungen beliebt ist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ali — puede referirse a: Contenido 1 Personas 1.1 Nombres 1.2 Apellidos 2 Lugares 3 Televisión … Wikipedia Español
Ali I — Ali I. Ali I (Abu l Hasan Ali I, (árabe أبو الحسن علي باشا), Túnez 30 de junio de 1688 22 de septiembre de 1756 , fue bey de la dinastía husaynita de Túnez de 1735 a 1756. Su nombre completo era Abu l Hasan Ali I y era el hijo de Sidi Muhammad… … Wikipedia Español
ali — ali·can·te; ali·e·ni; ali·form; ali·garh; ali·i·poe; ali·na·sal; ali·no·tum; ali·pa·ta; ali·ped; ali·sep·tal; ali·si·er; ali·so; ali·trunk; ali·tur·gic; ali·vin·cu·lar; ethe·re·ali·za·tion; tel·eo·ceph·ali; un·u·su·ali·ty; ali·es·ter·ase;… … English syllables
Alí — ali m. Suerte del juego de la secansa que consiste en reunir dos o tres cartas del mismo número o figura. * * * ali. m. En el juego de la secansa, dos o tres cartas iguales en el número o en la forma. * * * Alí, Zie el Abidine Ben * * * (as used… … Enciclopedia Universal
Ali As — Ali A$ bei einer Autogrammstunde auf der Jugendmesse YOU 2008 in Berlin. Ali A$ (* 15. Juli 1979 in München; bürgerlich Zulfiqar Ali Chaudhry) ist ein Rapper aus München pakistanischer Abstam … Deutsch Wikipedia
Ali A$ — bei einer Autogrammstunde auf der Jugendmesse YOU 2008 in Berlin. Ali A$ (* 15. Juli 1979 in München als Zulfiqar Ali Chaudhry) ist ein Rapper aus München pakistanischer Abstammung … Deutsch Wikipedia
Alì — Administration Pays Italie Région … Wikipédia en Français