Blohm + Voss


Blohm + Voss

Infobox Company
company_name = Blohm + Voss GmbH
company_
company_type = Private
genre =
foundation = 1877
founder = Hermann Blohm and Ernst Voss
location_city = flagicon|Germany Hamburg
location_country = Germany
location =
origins =
key_people =
area_served =
industry = Shipbuilding
products =
services =
revenue =
operating_income =
net_income =
num_employees =
parent = ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems
divisions =
subsid =
owner = ThyssenKrupp
company_slogan =
homepage = [http://www.blohmvoss.com www.blohmvoss.com]
dissolved =
footnotes =

Blohm + Voss is a German shipbuilding and engineering works. It was founded on April 5, 1877, by Hermann Blohm and Ernst Voss as a general partnership named Blohm & Voss. A shipyard was built on the island of Kuhwerder, near the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg, covering 15,000 m² with 250 m of water frontage and three building berths, two suitable for ships of up to 100 metres length. The company's logo is a simple dark blue rectangle with rounded corners bearing the white letters "Blohm+Voss".

The company has continued to build ships and other large machines for 125 years. Despite being almost completely demolished after the end of World War II, it now builds warships both for the Deutsche Marine and for export (see MEKO), as well as oil drilling equipment and ships for numerous commercial customers.

From about 1930 to 1945 Blohm & Voss also designed and built aircraft for use by both the German state airline, Lufthansa, and the air-force, Luftwaffe. Particularly noteworthy were the large flying boats the company produced, as well as ingenious approaches to aircraft building that often featured asymmetric designs. Although the aviation arm was originally known as Hamburger Flugzeugbau and their aircraft bore the designation "Ha", this quickly fell from use and newer designs received "BV" instead.

From July 1944 to April 1945 Blohm & Voss used inmates of its own Nazi concentration subcamp at its shipyard in Hamburg-Steinwerder. The camp was a subcamp to the Neuengamme concentration camp. [The camp Blohm & Voss is listed as No. 550 Hamburg in the [http://bundesrecht.juris.de/begdv_6/anlage_6.html official German list] (List in German)]

Until 1955 the company name was Blohm & Voss.

The company's name is often found spelled Blohm + Voß in German (and occasionally English) sources.See ß for an explanation of the use of this letter and changes in German spelling that have taken place over the last century with regard to its use.] Today Blohm + Voss is (along with Howaldtswerke at Kiel and Nordseewerke at Emden) a subsidiary of ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems.

hips and submarines

Notable ships built by Blohm + Voss include:

Tall ships:
* "Petschili" (1903), "Pamir" (1905), "Passat" (1911), "Peking (1911)", "Pola" (1916), "Priwall" (1917), and other Flying P-Liners
* The three-mast barques and school ships of the Gorch Fock class

Ocean liners and other passenger ships:
* "SS Europa"
* "SS Cap Arcona" sunk with great loss of life near the end of World War II
* "Wilhelm Gustloff", currently the world's worst maritime disaster when she was sunk near the end of WWII
* "M/V Explorer", the ship currently used by the Semester at Sea university study abroad program
*Prinzessin Victoria Luise first vessel built, for Hamburg-America Line, exclusively for cruising

Private yachts:
* "Savarona" - built for an American heiress in 1931. Later the Turkish Presidential yacht and now a charter yacht. Still among the largest few yachts in the world at convert|446|ft|m long.
*"Enigma" - a modern yacht.
*"Lady Moura" - the 10th largest private yacht .

Warships of World War I:
* SMS "Glyndwr", light seaplane carrier converted from a merchant
* SMS "Scharnhorst", an armoured cruiser
* SMS "Seydlitz" and SMS "Derfflinger", two battlecruisers that both got heavily damaged in the Battle of Jutland, but stayed afloat and brought their sailors home

Warships of World War II:
* "Admiral Hipper", a heavy cruiser
* "Bismarck", a battleship
* many Type VII, Type XVII, Type XXI and Type XXVI U-boats

Modern warships:
* "F209 Rheinland-Pfalz", a Bremen class frigate
* "F215 Brandenburg", the first Brandenburg class frigate
* "F219 Sachsen", the first Sachsen class frigate
* 4 "Almirante Brown" class destroyer MEKO 360 for Argentine Navy
* Aradu (F89) MEKO 360 class destroyer for Nigerian Navy
* Vasco da Gama (F330) MEKO 200 PN frigate for Portuguese Navy

Aircraft

From 1933 to 1945, Blohm & Voss also operated the Hamburger Flugzeugbau aircraft company. Although initially given the factory code Ha (for the factory's official name), the link with Blohm & Voss shipyards proved too strong and therefore the early aircraft designs were called "Blohm & Voss, type Ha..." followed by the design number. To end this confusion, in 1938 the Reichsluftfartministerium gave in to the unavoidable and changed the company code to BV.

Aircraft designed under the Ha and BV designations include:

*Blohm & Voss BV 40, glider interceptor
*Blohm & Voss Ha 137, prototype dive bomber
*Blohm & Voss BV 138, military patrol flying-boat (early versions designated as Ha 138)
*Blohm & Voss Ha 139, long-range seaplane
*Blohm & Voss Ha 140, torpedo bomber flying-boat (prototype)
*Blohm & Voss BV 141, reconnaissance (asymmetric)
*Blohm & Voss BV 142, reconnaissance + transport
*Blohm & Voss BV 143, glide bomb (prototype)
*Blohm & Voss BV 144, transport
*Blohm & Voss BV 155, high-altitude interceptor (formerly Me 155)
*Blohm & Voss BV 222 "Wiking" (Viking), transport flying-boat
*Blohm & Voss BV 238, flying-boat (prototype)
*Blohm & Voss BV 246 "Hagelkorn" (Hailstone), long-range radar-homing glide bomb

Although Hamburger Flugzeugbau re-emerged after the war and, under different names and ownerships, continued to build aircraft until the present day, this company has no more ties to the Blohm & Voss shipyards.

References

Notes

Bibliography

* Meyhoff, Andreas. "Blohm & Voss im »Dritten Reich«, Eine Hamburger Großwerft zwischen Geschäft und Politik (Hamburger Beiträge zur Sozial- und Zeitgeschichte, Band 38)" (in German). Hamburg, Germany: Forschungsstelle für Zeitgeschichte in Hamburg, 2001. ISBN 3-89244-916-3.
* Pohlmann, Herrmann. "'Chronik Eines Flugzeugwerkes 1932-1945. B&V - Blohm & Voss Hamburg - HFB Hamburger Flugzeugbau" (in German). Motor Buch Verlag, 1979 ISBN 3-87943-624-X.
* Prager, Hans Georg and Bishop, Frederick A.(Transl.). "Blohm + Voss: Ships and Machinery for the World". London: Brassey's Publishers Limited, 1977. ISBN 0-90460-914-6.
* Witthöft, Hans J. "Tradition und Fortschritt - 125 Jahre Blohm + Voss" (in German). Koehlers Verlag, 2002. ISBN 3-78220-847-1.

External links

* [http://www.blohmvoss.com Official website]
* [http://www.blohmvoss.com/e/info/presse_02042002_2.html Company history (English)]
* [http://www.blohmvoss.com/d/info/presse_02042002_2.html Company history (German)]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Blohm + Voss — Shipyards GmbH Blohm + Voss Naval GmbH Rechtsform GmbH Gründung 5. April 1877 Si …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Blohm & Voss — Blohm + Voss GmbH ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems AG Unternehmensform GmbH Gründung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Blohm + Voss — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Vista del Muelle ELBE 17 de la empresa Blohm und Voss, en Hamburgo Blohm + Voss Schiffswerft und Maschinenfabrik es una empresa alemana constructora de barcos y que además realiza diversos trabajos de ingeniería. Fue …   Wikipedia Español

  • Blohm & Voss — Blohm Voss Blohm Voss Abteilung Flugzeugbau (BV) est une société de construction aéronautique allemande créée en 1938, issue des chantiers navals hambourgeois du même nom et alliée à Hamburger Flugzeugbau, spécialisée dans les hydravions.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Blohm & voss — Blohm Voss Blohm Voss Abteilung Flugzeugbau (BV) est une société de construction aéronautique allemande créée en 1938, issue des chantiers navals hambourgeois du même nom et alliée à Hamburger Flugzeugbau, spécialisée dans les hydravions.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Blohm + Voss — GmbH Тип GmbH Год основания 5 апреля 1877 года Расположение …   Википедия

  • Blohm & Voss BV 40 — Blohm Voss BV 40 Blohm Voss BV 40 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Blohm & Voss Bv 40 — Blohm Voss BV 40 Blohm Voss BV 40 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Blohm & voss bv 40 — Blohm Voss BV 40 Blohm Voss BV 40 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Blohm & Voss BV 40 — Modell BV40 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Blohm + Voss AG — Blohm + Vọss AG,   Schiffswerft und Maschinenfabrik, Sitz: Hamburg, gegründet 1877 von den Ingenieuren Hermann Blohm und Ernst Voss. Die stark diversifizierte Produktpalette gliedert sich in drei große Geschäftsbereiche: Schiffbau, Maschinenbau …   Universal-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.