Bursitis


Bursitis
Bursitis
Classification and external resources

Example of Elbow Bursitis
ICD-10 M70-M71
ICD-9 727.3
DiseasesDB 31623
MedlinePlus 000419
eMedicine emerg/74
MeSH D002062

Bursitis is the inflammation of one or more bursae (small sacs) of synovial fluid in the body. The bursae rest at the points where internal functionaries, such as muscles and tendons, slide across bone. Healthy bursae create a smooth, almost frictionless functional gliding surface making normal movement painless. When bursitis occurs, however, movement relying upon the inflamed bursa becomes difficult and painful. Moreover, movement of tendons and muscles over the inflamed bursa aggravates its inflammation, perpetuating the problem.

Contents

Signs and symptoms

Bursitis symptoms vary from local joint pain and stiffness, to burning pain that surrounds the joint around the inflamed bursa. In this condition, the pain usually is worse during and after activity, and then the bursa and the surrounding joint become stiff the next day in the morning.

Cause

Bursitis is commonly caused by repetitive movement and excessive pressure. Elbows and knees are the most commonly affected. Inflammation of the bursae might also be caused by other inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis. Although infrequent, scoliosis might cause bursitis of the shoulders; however, shoulder bursitis is more commonly caused by overuse of the shoulder joint and related muscles.[1]

Traumatic injury is another cause of bursitis. The inflammation irritates because the bursa no longer fits in the original small area between the bone and the functionary muscle or tendon. When the bone increases pressure upon the bursa, bursitis results. Sometimes the reason is unknown. It can also be associated with some chronic systemic diseases.

Examples

The most common examples of this condition:

Treatment

Bursae that are not infected can be treated with rest, ice, elevation, physiotherapy, anti-inflammatory drugs and pain medication. Since bursitis is caused by increased friction from the adjacent structures, a compression bandage is contraindicated because compression would create more friction on movement (passive and active). Advanced massage therapy techniques can also be employed to help with the inflammatory process of bursitis.

Bursae that are infected requires further investigation and antibiotic therapy. In cases when all conservative treatment fails, surgical therapy may be necessary. In a bursectomy the bursa is cut out either endoscopically or with open surgery. The bursa grows back in place after a couple of weeks but without any inflammatory component.

See also

  • Calcific bursitis

References

  1. ^ "Shoulder Bursitis". http://www.treatment-for.com/shoulder-bursitis-treatment.htm. 

External links


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bursitis — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Sinónimos Bursitis traumática Bursitis reaumatoide Bursitis gotosa Código CIE 10: M06.2 M10.0 La bursitis es la inflamación de la bursa, estructura en forma de bolsa, que s …   Wikipedia Español

  • bursitis — f. patol. Inflamación de una bolsa serosa. Medical Dictionary. 2011. bursitis inflamación de una bolsa …   Diccionario médico

  • Bursitis — is inflammation of a bursa. A bursa is a tiny fluid filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction between tissues of the body. The major bursae are located adjacent to the tendons near the large joints, such as the shoulders,… …   Medical dictionary

  • Bursitis — Bur*si tis, n. [NL., fr. E. bursa + itis.] (Med.) Inflammation of a bursa. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bursitis — Bursītis (grch.), Schleimbeutelentzündung …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • bursitis — (n.) 1834, medical L., inflammation of the bursa, apparently from L. bursa mucosa mucus pouch, from M.L. bursa bag, purse, from L.L. bursa, variant of byrsa hide, from Gk. byrsa (see PURSE (Cf. purse)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • bursitis — bursìtis m DEFINICIJA pat. upala burse (2b), ob. nastaje zbog traume, a može prerasti u kronično oboljenje ETIMOLOGIJA v. bursa + itis …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • bursitis — f. Med. Inflamación de las bolsas sinoviales de las articulaciones …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • bursitis — [bər sīt′is] n. [ModL < BURSA + ITIS] inflammation of a bursa, as near the shoulder or hip …   English World dictionary

  • Bursitis — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 M70 Krankheiten des Weichteilgewebes im Zusammenhang mit Beanspruchung, Überbeanspruchung und Druck M70.1 Bursitis im Bereich der Hand …   Deutsch Wikipedia