- Galina Vishnevskaya
Galina Pavlovna Vishnevskaya (Гали́на Па́вловна Вишне́вская) (born
25 October, 1926) is a Russian soprano operasinger and recitalist who was named a People's Artist of the USSRin 1966.
Vishnevskaya was born in Leningrad. She made her professional stage debut in 1944 singing
operetta. After a year studying with Vera Nikolayevna Garina, she won a competition held by the Bolshoi Theatrein Moscow(with Rachmaninoff's song "O, Do Not Grieve" and Giuseppe Verdi's aria "O patria mia" from " Aida") in 1952. The next year, she became a member of the Bolshoi Theatre.
On 9 May 1960, she made her first appearance in
Sarajevoat the National Theatre, as Aida. In 1961, she made her Metropolitan Operadebut as Aida; the following year she made her debut at the Royal Opera Housewith the same role. For her La Scaladebut in 1964, she sang Liù in " Turandot", opposite Birgit Nilssonand Franco Corelli.
In addition to the roles in the Russian operatic repertoire, Vishnevskaya has also sung roles such as Violetta,
Tosca, Cio-cio-san, Leonore, and Cherubino. She also played the lead role in Alexander Sokurov's "Alexandra", a film about the Chechen Warthat premiered at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival. [http://www.playbillarts.com/news/article/6574.html]
Vishnevskaya was married to the cellist
Mstislav Rostropovichfrom 1955 until his death in 2007; they performed together regularly (he on pianoor on the podium). Both she and Rostropovich were friends of Dmitri Shostakovich, and they made an electrifying recording of his opera "Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk" for EMI. According to Robert Conquest, Aleksandr Solzhenitsynstayed at their dacha from 1968 while writing much of The Gulag Archipelago. [http://online.wsj.com/article/SB121815367233222513.html] Robert Conquest, Solzhenitsyn Was a Russian Patriot, Wall Street Journal, online edition, 8/8/08]
In 1974, they left the Soviet Union and eventually settled in the
United Statesand Paris. In 1982, the soprano bade farewell to the opera stage, in Paris, as Tatyana in Tchaikovsky's "Eugene Onegin". In 1987, she stage directed Rimsky-Korsakov's " The Tsar’s Bride" in Washington, D.C.In 1984, Vishnevskaya published a memoir, "Galina: A Russian Story" (ISBN 0-15-134250-4), and in 2002, she opened her own opera theatre in Moscow, the "Galina Vishnevskaya Opera Centre".
The diva made many recordings, including "Eugene Onegin" (1956 and 1970),
Mussorgsky's " Songs and Dances of Death" (1961 and 1977), Britten's " War Requiem" (with Peter Pearsand Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, conducted by the composer; 1963), "The Poet's Echo" (1968), Mussorgsky's "Boris Godunov" (1970 and 1987), Puccini's "Tosca" (1976), Tchaikovsky's "The Queen of Spades" (with Regina Resnik, 1976), "Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk" (1978), Tchaikovsky's " Iolanta" (with Nicolai Gedda, 1984), and Prokofiev's "War and Peace" (1986).
In 2006, she was featured in
Alexander Sokurov's documentary "Elegy of a life: Rostropovich, Vishnevskaya". In 2007, she starred in his film "Aleksandra", playing the role of a grandmother coming to see her grandson in the Second Chechen War.
* [http://www.rostropovich.org/ The Vishnevskaya-Rostropovich Foundation homepage]
* [http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0252010/ Soldiers of Music (1991 documentary)]
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Look at other dictionaries:
Galina Vishnévskaya — Galina Vishnevskaya 2007 … Wikipedia Español
Galina Vishnevskaya — Galina Vichnevskaïa Galina Vichnevskaïa Галина Павловна Вишневская Avec Mstislav Rostropovich … Wikipédia en Français
Galina Vichnevskaia — Galina Vichnevskaïa Galina Vichnevskaïa Галина Павловна Вишневская Avec Mstislav Rostropovich … Wikipédia en Français
Galina Vichnevskaïa — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Vichnevskaïa. Galina Vichnevskaïa Галина Павловна Вишневская … Wikipédia en Français
Vishnevskaya — /vish nef skah yeuh/; Russ. /vish nyef skeuh yeuh/, n. Galina (Pavlovna) /geuh lee neuh pahv lohv neuh, pav /; Russ. /gu lyee neuh pah vleuhv neuh/, born 1926, Soviet operatic soprano, in the U.S. (wife of Mstislav Rostropovich). * * * … Universalium
Vishnevskaya — /vish nef skah yeuh/; Russ. /vish nyef skeuh yeuh/, n. Galina (Pavlovna) /geuh lee neuh pahv lohv neuh, pav /; Russ. /gu lyee neuh pah vleuhv neuh/, born 1926, Soviet operatic soprano, in the U.S. (wife of Mstislav Rostropovich) … Useful english dictionary
Mstislav Rostropovich — Rostropovich playing the Duport Stradivarius at the White House in 1978. Mstislav Leopoldovich Rostropovich, KBE (Russian: Мстислав Леопольдович Ростропович, Mstislav Leopol dovič Rostropovič, pronounced [rəstrɐˈpɔvʲɪtɕ]; March 27, 1927 –… … Wikipedia
Dmitri Shostakovich — Shostakovich redirects here. For the conductor and son of Dmitri Shostakovich, see Maxim Shostakovich. Dmitri Shostakovich in 1942 Dmitri Dmitriyevich Shostakovich Russian pronunciation: [dmʲitrij ˌdmʲitrɪjevʲiʨ ʂɨstɐˈkɔvʲɪʨ] (Russian:… … Wikipedia
performing arts — arts or skills that require public performance, as acting, singing, or dancing. [1945 50] * * * ▪ 2009 Introduction Music Classical. The last vestiges of the Cold War seemed to thaw for a moment on Feb. 26, 2008, when the unfamiliar strains … Universalium
Aleksandr Sokúrov — Aleksandr Nikoláyevich Sokúrov (ruso: Александр Николаевич Сокуров; aldea Podorvija, provincia de Irkutsk, 14 de junio de 1951) es un director de cine y guionista ruso establecido en San Petersburgo, que algunos consideran el virtual sucesor de … Wikipedia Español