Galina Vishnevskaya


Galina Vishnevskaya

Galina Pavlovna Vishnevskaya (Гали́на Па́вловна Вишне́вская) (born 25 October, 1926) is a Russian soprano opera singer and recitalist who was named a People's Artist of the USSR in 1966.

Vishnevskaya was born in Leningrad. She made her professional stage debut in 1944 singing operetta. After a year studying with Vera Nikolayevna Garina, she won a competition held by the Bolshoi Theatre in Moscow (with Rachmaninoff's song "O, Do Not Grieve" and Giuseppe Verdi's aria "O patria mia" from "Aida") in 1952. The next year, she became a member of the Bolshoi Theatre.

On 9 May 1960, she made her first appearance in Sarajevo at the National Theatre, as Aida. In 1961, she made her Metropolitan Opera debut as Aida; the following year she made her debut at the Royal Opera House with the same role. For her La Scala debut in 1964, she sang Liù in "Turandot", opposite Birgit Nilsson and Franco Corelli.

In addition to the roles in the Russian operatic repertoire, Vishnevskaya has also sung roles such as Violetta, Tosca, Cio-cio-san, Leonore, and Cherubino. She also played the lead role in Alexander Sokurov's "Alexandra", a film about the Chechen War that premiered at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival. [http://www.playbillarts.com/news/article/6574.html]

Vishnevskaya was married to the cellist Mstislav Rostropovich from 1955 until his death in 2007; they performed together regularly (he on piano or on the podium). Both she and Rostropovich were friends of Dmitri Shostakovich, and they made an electrifying recording of his opera "Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk" for EMI. According to Robert Conquest, Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn stayed at their dacha from 1968 while writing much of The Gulag Archipelago. [http://online.wsj.com/article/SB121815367233222513.html] Robert Conquest, Solzhenitsyn Was a Russian Patriot, Wall Street Journal, online edition, 8/8/08]

In 1974, they left the Soviet Union and eventually settled in the United States and Paris. In 1982, the soprano bade farewell to the opera stage, in Paris, as Tatyana in Tchaikovsky's "Eugene Onegin". In 1987, she stage directed Rimsky-Korsakov's "The Tsar’s Bride" in Washington, D.C. In 1984, Vishnevskaya published a memoir, "Galina: A Russian Story" (ISBN 0-15-134250-4), and in 2002, she opened her own opera theatre in Moscow, the "Galina Vishnevskaya Opera Centre".

The diva made many recordings, including "Eugene Onegin" (1956 and 1970), Mussorgsky's "Songs and Dances of Death" (1961 and 1977), Britten's "War Requiem" (with Peter Pears and Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, conducted by the composer; 1963), "The Poet's Echo" (1968), Mussorgsky's "Boris Godunov" (1970 and 1987), Puccini's "Tosca" (1976), Tchaikovsky's "The Queen of Spades" (with Regina Resnik, 1976), "Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk" (1978), Tchaikovsky's "Iolanta" (with Nicolai Gedda, 1984), and Prokofiev's "War and Peace" (1986).

In 2006, she was featured in Alexander Sokurov's documentary "Elegy of a life: Rostropovich, Vishnevskaya". In 2007, she starred in his film "Aleksandra", playing the role of a grandmother coming to see her grandson in the Second Chechen War.

References

External links

* [http://www.rostropovich.org/ The Vishnevskaya-Rostropovich Foundation homepage]
*
* [http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0252010/ Soldiers of Music (1991 documentary)]


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  • Galina Vishnévskaya — Galina Vishnevskaya 2007 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Galina Vishnevskaya — Galina Vichnevskaïa Galina Vichnevskaïa Галина Павловна Вишневская Avec Mstislav Rostropovich …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Galina Vichnevskaia — Galina Vichnevskaïa Galina Vichnevskaïa Галина Павловна Вишневская Avec Mstislav Rostropovich …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Vishnevskaya — /vish nef skah yeuh/; Russ. /vish nyef skeuh yeuh/, n. Galina (Pavlovna) /geuh lee neuh pahv lohv neuh, pav /; Russ. /gu lyee neuh pah vleuhv neuh/, born 1926, Soviet operatic soprano, in the U.S. (wife of Mstislav Rostropovich). * * * …   Universalium

  • Vishnevskaya — /vish nef skah yeuh/; Russ. /vish nyef skeuh yeuh/, n. Galina (Pavlovna) /geuh lee neuh pahv lohv neuh, pav /; Russ. /gu lyee neuh pah vleuhv neuh/, born 1926, Soviet operatic soprano, in the U.S. (wife of Mstislav Rostropovich) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Mstislav Rostropovich — Rostropovich playing the Duport Stradivarius at the White House in 1978. Mstislav Leopoldovich Rostropovich, KBE (Russian: Мстислав Леопольдович Ростропович, Mstislav Leopol dovič Rostropovič, pronounced [rəstrɐˈpɔvʲɪtɕ]; March 27, 1927 –… …   Wikipedia

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  • performing arts — arts or skills that require public performance, as acting, singing, or dancing. [1945 50] * * * ▪ 2009 Introduction Music Classical.       The last vestiges of the Cold War seemed to thaw for a moment on Feb. 26, 2008, when the unfamiliar strains …   Universalium

  • Aleksandr Sokúrov — Aleksandr Nikoláyevich Sokúrov (ruso: Александр Николаевич Сокуров; aldea Podorvija, provincia de Irkutsk, 14 de junio de 1951) es un director de cine y guionista ruso establecido en San Petersburgo, que algunos consideran el virtual sucesor de …   Wikipedia Español


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