- Government of Birmingham
"shown within West Midlands"
This page is about the
Governmentof Birmingham, England.
Most of Birmingham was historically a part of
Warwickshire, though the modern city also includes villages and towns historically in Staffordshireor Worcestershire.
Until the 1760s, Birmingham was administered by manorial and
parishofficials, most of whom served on a part-time and honorary basis. By the 1760s the population growth of Birmingham made this system completely inadequate, and salaried officials were needed. In 1768, a body of "Commissioners of the Streets" was established who had powers to levy a rate for functions such as cleaning and street lighting. They were later given powers to provide policing and build public buildings.
Birmingham gained the status of a
municipal boroughin 1838 and gained its first elected town councilwhich took over the functions of the Street Commissioners. In 1889, it became a county borough(unitary authority) and a city. This remained unchanged until 1974 when Birmingham became a metropolitan districtof the newly-created West Midlands county under the West Midlands County Council. The county council was abolished in 1986 and Birmingham effectively reverted to being a unitary authorityalthough sharing some services with other authorities in the county.
Birmingham City Council
Birmingham City Council is the largest local authority in
Europewith, following a reorganisation of boundaries in June 2004, 120 Birmingham City Councillorsrepresenting just under one million people, in 40 wards. The council headquarters are based at the Council House in the city centre.
Birmingham City Council is a
unitary authorityresponsible for running nearly all local services, with the exception of those run by joint boards as detailed below. The provision of certain services has in recent years been devolved to several Districts, which each have an area committeemade up of councillors from that district.
The council was run by a Labour administration between 1984 and 2004, with Sir
Dick Knowlesas Council Leader from 1984 to 1993, followed in turn by Theresa Stewartand Sir Albert Bore. They lost overall control in 2003 but continued to run the council as a minority administration for the following year. At the election of 10 June2004, the 120 seats were divided between the Labour, (53 councillors), Conservative (39) and Liberal Democrat (28) parties. The Conservative and Liberal Democrat groups then formed a governing coalition, moving Labour into opposition.
By-elections and defections in 2005 altered the distribution of seats within the council with Labour holding 46 seats, Conservatives holding 40, Liberal Democrats holding 30, the People's Justice Party holding 2 and independent councillors holding a further 2. In 2006, the People's Justice Party disbanded, with their two councillors joining the Liberal Democrats, and Councillor Ann Holtom defected from Labour to the Liberal Democrats.
After the local elections on 1 May 2008, there remains no overall control, with the 120 seats being divided between the Conservative (49 councillors), Labour, (36), Liberal Democrat (32) parties and Respect (3). [ [http://www.birmingham.gov.uk/elections Birmingham City Council election service] Birmingham.gov.uk]
In the 2006 local elections the
British National Partyinitially gained a seat, but it soon transpired their candidate's election had been caused by a counting error and the result was subsequently overturned in favour of the previously third-placed Labour party candidate following an election petition. [ [http://icbirmingham.icnetwork.co.uk/birminghampost/news/tm_objectid=17458343&method=full&siteid=50002&headline=bnp-never-won-seat-on-city-council-name_page.html BNP never won seat on city council, The Birmingham Post, Jul 27 2006] ]
The leader of the council is Conservative group leader
Mike Whitby. Lib Dem group leader Paul Tilsleyis Deputy Leader.
The Conservatives' main local strongholds are in the
Sutton Coldfieldand Edgbastondistricts.
Following the June 2004 reorganisation, Birmingham's 40 wards are:
Acocks Green, Aston
Bartley Green, Billesley, Bordesley Green, Bournville, Brandwood
Hall Green, Handsworth Wood, Harborne, Hodge Hill
Kings Norton, Kingstanding
Ladywood, Longbridge, Lozells and East Handsworth
*Moseley and Kings Heath
Selly Oak, Shard End, Sheldon, Soho, South Yardley, Sparkbrook, Springfield, Stechford and Yardley North, Stockland Green, Sutton Four Oaks, Sutton New Hall, Sutton Trinity, Sutton Vesey
Washwood Heath, Weoley
From 5 April 2004, responsibility and budgets for a number of services were devolved to 11
district committees, as part of a growing trend in the UK to use area committees for large councils. From 1 June 2006 the districts were reduced from 11 to 10 in order to correspond with the revised Westminster constituency boundaries, and renamed "council constituencies". Each now comprises four wards. The council constituencies are:
Birmingham is unparished, apart from
New Frankley, its only civil parish, which was established in 2000 in an area transferred from Bromsgrove in 1995, and which had previously been part of the Frankleyparish.
Other local government bodies or organisations which affect Birmingham include:
Joint county-wide services
Some local services which cover Birmingham are run jointly with the six other authorities in the
West Midlands county. These county wide services are:
West Midlands Police
West Midlands Fire Service
West Midlands Passenger Transport Executive, better known as Centro, which oversees public transport.
Birmingham first had an MP,
George Fredrick Muntz, in 1840.
Birmingham's eleven parliamentary constituencies (to be reduced to ten at the next general election) are represented in the House of Commons by one Conservative, one Liberal Democrat and nine Labour MPs.
# Constituency MP Party 1 Birmingham, Edgbaston Gisela Stuart Labour 2 Birmingham, Erdington Siôn Simon Labour 3 Birmingham, Hall Green Stephen James McCabe Labour 4 Birmingham, Hodge Hill Liam Byrne Labour 5 Birmingham, Ladywood Clare Short Labour 6 Birmingham, Northfield Richard Burden Labour 7 Birmingham, Perry Barr Khalid Mahmood Labour 8 Birmingham, Selly Oak Dr Lynne Jones Labour 9 Birmingham, Sparkbrook and Small Heath Roger Godsiff Labour 10 Sutton Coldfield Andrew Mitchell Conservative 11 Birmingham, Yardley John Hemming Lib-Dem
* [http://www.birmingham.gov.uk Birmingham City Council]
* [http://www.birmingham.gov.uk/devolution Council Constituency Committees]
* [http://www.birminghamconservatives.co.uk Birmingham Conservatives]
* [http://www.birminghamlibdems.org.uk Birmingham Liberal Democrats]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Birmingham — This article is about the city in England. For the U.S. city named after it, see Birmingham, Alabama. For other uses, see Birmingham (disambiguation). City of Birmingham City and Metropolitan borough … Wikipedia
Birmingham New Street railway station — Birmingham New Street redirects here. For the actual street, see New Street, Birmingham. Birmingham New Street … Wikipedia
Birmingham City University — Motto Latin: Age Quod Agis Motto in English Do what you are doing; attend to your business Established 1992 gained university status 1971 City of Birmingh … Wikipedia
Birmingham City Centre — is the business hub of the city of Birmingham, United Kingdom. According to the Parkinson Masterplan of Birmingham, published in 2007, the city centre is defined as being the area within the A4540 road.cite web|… … Wikipedia
Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery — Established 1885 Location Chamberlain Square, Birmingham Visitor … Wikipedia
Birmingham School of Art — School of Art and Design Building, Margaret Street Type Art school Location Birmingham, West Midlands … Wikipedia
BIRMINGHAM — BIRMINGHAM, city in Alabama, U.S. The city grew from the intersection of two railroads in 1871, and the discovery of all ingredients necessary to make steel within a short radius. Jews were among the first settlers, but Jewish communal life did … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Birmingham City University's Technology Innovation Centre — (tic) is the UK West Midlands region’s leading technology organisation providing assistance to small and medium enterprises (SMEs). It was founded in 1999 on the knowledge, expertise and relationships developed over many years by the former… … Wikipedia
Government database — Government databases collect personal information for various reasons (mass surveillance, Schengen Information System in the European Union, social security, statistics, etc.). Contents 1 Canada 2 European Union 2.1 Belgium … Wikipedia
Birmingham City Police — was a police force responsible for policing the city of Birmingham in the West Midlands of England until 1974, when it was amalgamated under the Local Government Act 1972 with West Midlands Constabulary and parts of other forces to form the West… … Wikipedia