- Soviet Union and the United Nations
Soviet Uniontook an active role in the United Nationsand other major international and regional organizations. At the behest of the United States, the Soviet Union took a role in the establishment of the UN in 1945. The Soviet Union insisted that there be veto rights in the Security Council and that alterations in the United Nations Charterbe unanimously approved by the five permanent members.
The USSR initially protested the membership of
Indiaand the Philippines, whose independence was then largely theoretical (being basically colonies of the United Kingdomand the United States, respectively, in all but name). A demand by the Soviet Union that all fifteen Soviet Socialist Republics be recognized as member states in the UN was counter-demanded by the United States that all then forty-eight states be similarly recognized. Ultimately two Soviet Republics ( Ukrainian SSRand Byelorussian SSR) were admitted as full members of the UN, so between 1945–1991 the Soviet Union was represented by three seats in the United Nations. The United States was also offered two additional seats, but due to political problems (regarding which two of the 48 states would be represented), it was never acted upon.
A major watershed in Soviet UN policy occurred in January 1950, when Soviet representatives boycotted UN functions in protest over the occupation of the seat of China by the
Republic of China(which government had been relocated to Taipeiin December 1949) and the corresponding exclusion of the newly declared People's Republic of China. In the absence of the Soviet representatives, the UN Security Council was able to vote for the intervention of UN military forces in what would become the Korean War. The Soviet Union subsequently returned to various UN bodies in August 1950. This return marked the beginning of a new policy of active participation in international and regional organizations.
For many years, the
Western powersplayed a guiding role in UN deliberations, but by the 1960s many former colonies had been granted independence and had joined the UN. These states, which became the majority in the General Assembly and other bodies, were increasingly receptive to Soviet "anti-imperialist" appeals. By the 1970s, the UN deliberations had generally become increasingly hostile toward the West and toward the United States in particular, as evidenced by pro-Soviet and anti-United States voting trends in the General Assembly. Although the Soviet Union benefited from and encouraged these trends, it was not mainly responsible for them. Rather, the trends were largely a result of the growing debate over the redistribution of the world's wealth between the "have" and "have-not" states.Fact|date=February 2007 The Soviet Union did not, however, achieve total support in the UN for its foreign policy positions. The Soviet Union and Third Worldstates often agreed that " imperialism" caused and continued to maintain the disparities in the world distribution of wealth. They disagreed, however, on the proper level of Soviet aid to the Third World. Also, the Soviet Union encountered opposition to its occupation of Afghanistan and the Vietnamese occupation of Cambodia and received little support (as evidenced by Third World abstentions) for its 1987 proposal on the creation of a "Comprehensive System of International Peace and Security."
The Soviet Union by the late 1980s belonged to most of the specialized agencies of the UN. During 1986 Western media reported that East European and Asian communist countries allied with the Soviet Union received more
development aidfrom the UN than they and the Soviet Union contributed.Fact|date=February 2007 This revelation belied communist states' rhetorical support in the UN for the establishment of a New International Economic Orderfor the transfer of wealth from the rich Northern Hemisphereto the poor Southern Hemispherenations. Partly because of ongoing Third World criticism of the Soviet record of meager economic assistance to the Third World and of Soviet contributions to UN agencies, in September 1987 the Soviet Union announced that it would pay some portion of its arrears to the UN. This policy change also came at a time of financial hardship in the UN caused partly by the decision of the United States to withhold contributions pending cost-cutting efforts in the UN.Fact|date=February 2007
Gorbachevperiod, the Soviet Union made several suggestions for increasing UN involvement in the settlement of superpower and regional problems and conflicts, though these suggestions were not implemented, they constituted new initiatives in Soviet foreign policy and represented a break with the nature of past Soviet foreign policy.
When the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991, it formally "notified" the UN that it was designating
Russiaas its successor. The Russian Federation was then given the USSR's permanent seat on the Security Council.
Foreign relations of the Soviet Union
Russia and the United Nations
*loc - [http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/sutoc.html Soviet Union] (May 1989).
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
United States and the United Nations — The United States is a charter member of the United Nations and one of five permanent members of the UN Security Council. U.S. role in establishing the UN The term United Nations was suggested by Franklin D. Roosevelt [… … Wikipedia
Soviet Union and the Arab–Israeli conflict — The Soviet Union played a significant role in the Arab Israeli conflict as the conflict was a major part of the Cold War. For related developments after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, see Russia and the Arab Israeli conflict .Marxism… … Wikipedia
Israel, Palestinians, and the United Nations — Issues relating to the state of Israel, the Palestinian people and other aspects of the Arab Israeli conflict occupy a large amount of debate time, resolutions and resources at the spinout/link|United Nations.The adoption of UNSCOP s… … Wikipedia
New Zealand and the United Nations — New Zealand Membership Full member Since 1945 … Wikipedia
Marshall Islands and the United Nations — Marshall Islands Membership Full member Since … Wikipedia
China and the United Nations — Republic of China Membership Former full member Since until … Wikipedia
Federated States of Micronesia and the United Nations — Micronesia Membership Full member … Wikipedia
Russia and the United Nations — Russia s membership in the United Nations after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, was the succession of the Soviet Union s seat, including its permanent membership on the UN Security Council. The succession was supported by the USSR s… … Wikipedia
Japan and the United Nations — Japan regards international cooperation within the United Nations (UN) framework as a basic principle of its foreign policy. When Japan joined the UN in 1956, it did so with great enthusiasm and broad public support, for the international… … Wikipedia
Member states of the United Nations — Map of the United Nations (UN) member states, with their territories (including dependent territories) recognized by the UN in blue. … Wikipedia