Calydon (Greek: Καλυδών) was an ancient Greek city in Aetolia, situated on the west bank of the river Evenus. According to Greek mythology, the city took its name from its founder Calydon, son of Aetolus. Close to the city stood Mount Zygos, the slopes of which provided the setting for the hunt of the Calydonian Boar. The city housed the important Aetolian sanctuary known as the Laphrion, dedicated to Artemis Laphria and Apollo Laphrios. In 31 BC, the Roman Emperor Octavian removed the population of the city to the new colony of Nicopolis, founded to commemorate his victory at the Battle of Actium earlier that year. At the same time, the Romans removed most of the art and treasures of the city to Patras, including the gold and ivory cultic statue of Artemis.Strabo, in his "Geographia", comments on the former beauty of Calydon, which by his time lay desolate: " '...Calydon and Pleuron, which are now indeed reduced, though in early times these settlements were an ornament to Greece.' "

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  • CALYDON — Aetolorum civitas primaria, regia Oenei patris Meleagri, distans a mari septem millium quingentorum passuum spatiô, Evenô fluviô interfluente divisa. Ovid. Met. l. 9. Fab. 2. Et Meleagream maculatus sanguine Nessi Evenos Calydona secat. Idem, Met …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Calydon — CALỸDON, ónis, Gr. Καλυδὼν, ῶνος, (⇒ Tab. XXVI.) des Aetolus und der Pronoe Sohn, Apollod. lib. I. c. 7. §. 6. heurathete des Amythaons Tochter, Aeolia, und zeugete mit ihr die Epikaste und Protogenia. Id. ib. §. 7. Einige machen ihn zu des Mars …   Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon

  • Calydon — [kal′ə dän΄] ancient city in S Aetolia, central Greece Calydonian [kal′dō′nē ən, kal′dōn′yən] adj …   English World dictionary

  • Calydon — Le site de Calydon Calydon (en grec ancien Καλυδών / Kaludôn) est une ancienne cité située en Étolie, en Grèce occidentale …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Calydon — Calydonian /kal i doh nee euhn, dohn yeuhn/, adj. /kal i don /, n. an ancient city in W Greece, in Aetolia. * * * ▪ ancient city, Greece       ancient Aetolian town in Greece, located on the Euenus (Évinos) River about 6 miles (9.5 km) east of… …   Universalium

  • Calydon — noun /ˈkælɪˌdɒn/ a) An Ancient Greek city in the country of Ætolia, north of the in western Greece, situated on the west bank of the river Evenus. b) The legendary founding king and eponym of the city of Calydon, whose failure to honour the… …   Wiktionary

  • Calydon — geographical name ancient city central Greece in S Aetolia near Gulf of Patras • Calydonian adjective …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Calydon — Cal•y•don [[t]ˈkæl ɪˌdɒn[/t]] n. anh geg an ancient city in W Greece, in Aetolia Cal y•do′ni•an ˈdoʊ ni ən, ˈdoʊn yən adj …   From formal English to slang

  • Calydon — /ˈkælədən/ (say kaluhduhn) noun an ancient city in western Greece, in Aetolia. –Calydonian /kæləˈdoʊniən/ (say kaluh dohneeuhn), adjective …   Australian English dictionary

  • Calydon — Calydonian /kal i doh nee euhn, dohn yeuhn/, adj. /kal i don /, n. an ancient city in W Greece, in Aetolia …   Useful english dictionary

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