Timeline of stellar astronomy


Timeline of stellar astronomy

Timeline of stellar astronomy

* 134 BC - Hipparchus creates the magnitude scale of stellar apparent luminosities
* 185 AD - Chinese astronomers become the first to observe a supernova, the SN 185
* 964 - Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi (Azophi) writes the "Book of Fixed Stars", in which he makes the first recorded observations of the Andromeda Galaxy and the Large Magellanic Cloud, and lists numerous stars with their positions, magnitudes, brightness, and colour, and gives drawings for each constellation
* 1000s - The Persian astronomer, Abū Rayhān al-Bīrūnī, describes the Milky Way galaxy as a collection of numerous nebulous stars
* 1006 - Ali ibn Ridwan and Chinese astronomers observe the SN 1006, the brightest stellar event ever recorded
* 1054 - Chinese and Arab astronomers observe the SN 1054, responsible for the creation of the Crab Nebula, the only nebula whose creation was observed
* 1181 - Chinese astronomers observe the SN 1181 supernova
* 1580 - Taqi al-Din measures the right ascension of the stars at the Istanbul observatory of al-Din using an "observational clock" he invented and which he described as "a mechanical clock with three dials which show the hours, the minutes, and the seconds"
* 1596 - David Fabricius notices that Mira's brightness varies
* 1672 - Geminiano Montanari notices that Algol's brightness varies
* 1686 - Gottfried Kirch notices that Chi Cygni's brightness varies
* 1718 - Edmund Halley discovers stellar proper motions by comparing his astrometric measurements with those of the Greeks
* 1782 - John Goodricke notices that the brightness variations of Algol are periodic and proposes that it is partially eclipsed by a body moving around it
* 1784 - Edward Pigott discovers the first Cepheid variable star
* 1838 - Thomas Henderson, Friedrich Struve, and Friedrich Bessel measure stellar parallaxes
* 1844 - Friedrich Bessel explains the wobbling motions of Sirius and Procyon by suggesting that these stars have dark companions
* 1906 - Arthur Eddington begins his statistical study of stellar motions
* 1908 - Henrietta Leavitt discovers the Cepheid period-luminosity relation
* 1910 - Ejnar Hertzsprung and Henry Norris Russell study the relation between magnitudes and spectral types of stars
* 1924 - Arthur Eddington develops the main sequence mass-luminosity relationship
* 1929 - George Gamow proposes hydrogen fusion as the energy source for stars
* 1938 - Hans Bethe and Carl von Weizsacker detail the proton-proton chain and CNO cycle in stars
* 1939 - Rupert Wildt realizes the importance of the negative hydrogen ion for stellar opacity
* 1952 - Walter Baade distinguishes between Cepheid I and Cepheid II variable stars
* 1953 - Fred Hoyle predicts a carbon-12 resonance to allow stellar triple alpha reactions at reasonable stellar interior temperatures
* 1961 - Chushiro Hayashi publishes his work on the Hayashi track of fully convective stars
* 1963 - Fred Hoyle and William A. Fowler conceive the idea of supermassive stars
* 1964 - Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar and Richard Feynman develop a general relativistic theory of stellar pulsations and show that supermassive stars are subject to a general relativistic instability
* 1967 - Eric Becklin and Gerry Neugebauer discover the Becklin-Neugebauer object at 10 micrometres


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Stellar kinematics — is the study of the movement of stars without needing to understand how they acquired their motion. This differs from stellar dynamics, which takes into account gravitational effects. The motion of a star relative to the Sun can provide useful… …   Wikipedia

  • Stellar evolution — Life cycle of a Sun like star Stellar evolution is the process by which a star undergoes a sequence of radical changes during its lifetime. Depending on the mass of the star, this lifetime ranges from only a few million years (for the most… …   Wikipedia

  • Stellar classification — In astronomy, stellar classification is a classification of stars based on their spectral characteristics. The spectral class of a star is a designated class of a star describing the ionization of its chromosphere, what atomic excitations are… …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of solar system astronomy — Timeline of solar system astronomyAntiquity* 2137 BC, October 22 Chinese astronomers record a solar eclipse *ca. 2000 BC Chinese determine that Jupiter needs 12 years to complete one revolution of its orbit. * 2nd millennium BC earliest possible… …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of astronomy — Timeline of astronomy2500 BCMany ancient sites are thought to have astronomical significance, such as the Ancient Egyptian pyramids, Harappan shell instruments, British megaliths, and buildings in China and Latin America.In Lothal, the ancient… …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of telescopes, observatories, and observing technology — Timeline of telescopes, observatories, and observing technology.Before Common Era (B.C.)2100*Xiangfen Astronomical Observatory, Xiangfen County, Linfen City, Shanxi Province, China 1100* 11th 7th century B.C., Zhou dynasty astronomical… …   Wikipedia

  • Timeline of the Big Bang — Physical cosmology Universe · Big Bang …   Wikipedia

  • Outline of astronomy — Mauna Kea in Hawaii is one of the world s premier observatory sites. Pictured is the W. M. Keck Observatory, an optical interferometer. The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to astronomy: Astronomy – studies the… …   Wikipedia

  • History of astronomy — History of science …   Wikipedia

  • Observational astronomy — Mayall telescope at Kitt Peak National Observatory Observational astronomy is a division of the astronomical science that is concerned with getting data, in contrast with theoretical astrophysics which is mainly concerned with finding out the… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.