- Execution by shooting
Execution by shooting is a form of
capital punishmentwhereby an executed person is shot by one or more firearms. It is the most common method of execution worldwide, used in about 70 countries.cite web | url = http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/shooting.html | title = Shot at dawn! | accessdate = 2006-02-14 | last = Clark | first = Richard | year = 2006 | work = Capital Punishment U.K.] Execution by firing squadis a particular form. In most countries, execution by a firing squad has historically been considered a more honorable death and was used primarily for military personnel.
In some countries, single-executioner shooting is still in use.
Examples from the Soviet bloc
In 20th century
communist states, shooting was a standard form of execution of civilians and military alike, with the Soviet Unionsetting an example of single-executioner approach. The firing squad, with its usual solemn and lengthy ceremony was used infrequently. The most common way was firing a pistolbullet into the back of the head.
Often the phrase "execution by firing squad" is incorrectly used to translate, for example, the Russian term "расстрел" ("rasstrel"), which, e.g., in the context of the
Soviet Unionin the height of the Great Purge, referred to a single-executioner shooting.
Examples from East Asia
* As a form of the
capital punishment in the People's Republic of China, either an assault rifleshot in the back of the head or in the neck is used or a shot by an automatic riflein the back from behind, is used. In the past the government collected a "bullet fee" from the relatives of the condemned.
Taiwan, the customary method is a single shot aimed at the heart. Prior to the execution, the prisoner is injected with strong anaesthetic to leave him completely senseless. (See Capital punishment in Taiwan)
Thailandfrom 1934 until 19 October 2001, a single executioner would shoot the convict in the back from a mounted machine gun. [ [http://www.correct.go.th/eng/deathpenalty.htm Thailand Department of Corrections: Death Penalty ] ] [http://www.richard.clark32.btinternet.co.uk/bangkwan.jpg] [ [http://freepress.org/departments/display/9/2007/2627 The Free Press - Independent News Media - International Issues ] ]
*In India, in the days before the Raj, soldiers who committed crimes were executed by being strapped to a cannon which was then fired. This method, invented by the Mughal emperors, was continued by the British who used it to execute native deserters and mutineers.Fact|date=October 2007
* Zelitch, Judah. "Soviet Administration of Criminal Law". University of Pennsylvania Press, 1931
Use of capital punishment by nation
* [http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=950DE4D71039F931A15755C0A96F948260 Method of Execution: A Stark Tradition] "
The New York Times", September 30, 2006
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