- Ashfield, New South Wales
Infobox Australian Place | type = suburb
name = Ashfield
city = Sydney
state = nsw
caption = Liverpool Road, Ashfield
lga = Municipality of Ashfield
postcode = 2131
est = 1838
pop = 21,000 (2001)
area = 3.5
propval = [http://www.domain.com.au/public/suburbprofile.aspx?mode=%20$257,000&searchterm=2131 $565,000] (2007)
stategov = Strathfield, Canterbury
fedgov = Grayndler
near-nw = Croydon
near-n = Five Dock
near-ne = Haberfield
near-w = Croydon Park
near-e = Summer Hill
near-sw = Ashbury
near-s = Hurlstone Park
near-se = Dulwich Hill
dist1 = 9
dir1 = west
location1= Sydney CBD Ashfield is a
suburbin the inner-west of Sydney, in the state of New South Wales, Australia. Ashfield is located approximately 9 kilometres south-west of the Sydney central business districtand is the administrative centre for the local government area of the Municipality of Ashfield.
Ashfield's population is highly
multiculturalwith a large number of Chinese-speaking residents. Its urban densityis relatively high for Australia, with the majority of the area's dwellings being a mixture of mainly post-war low-rise flats ( apartmentblocks) and Federation-era detached houses. Amongst these are a number of grand Victorian buildings that offer a hint of Ashfield's rich cultural heritage.
Prior to the arrival of Europeans, the area now known as Ashfield was home to the
Wangalpeople. Their territory was believed to be centred on modern-day Concord and stretched east to the swampland of Long Cove Creek (now known as Hawthorne Canal). The land was heavily wooded at the time with tall eucalypts covering the higher ground and a variety of swampy trees along Iron Cove Creek. The arrival of the First Fleetin 1788 had a devastating effect on the local people, mainly from the introduction of smallpox, to which the indigenous people had little resistance. [Coupe, S&R: "Speed the Plough", page 9-19. Ashfield Municipal Council, 1988 ISBN 0 9595234 1 3]
Early British settlement
By 1790, a rough track had been built between the colony's two settlements at Sydney Cove and Parramatta. This route later became the main artery of the expanding Greater Sydney and, as the northern boundary of what is now Ashfield, dictated early British settlement in the area. The first land grant in the area was made to Rev Richard Johnson in 1793 and all of it had been granted by 1810. By the 1820s, all the grants had been amalgamated into two large estates: Ashfield Park (the northern half between Liverpool Rd and Parramatta Rd) and Canterbury Estate (the area south of Liverpool Rd). Ashfield Park was named by Robert Campbell, whose father was the laird of Ashfield in
Scotland. [Pratten, C: "A short walk through Ashfield's past", page 1>cite web | url = http://www.ashfield.nsw.gov.au/pdf_files/A%20Short%20Walk%20Through%20Ashfields%20Past.pdf |title= "A short walk through Ashfield's past" | publisher = Ashfield Municipal Council | accessdate = 2007-05-13]
Elizabeth Underwood, then owner of Ashfield Park, subdivided part of her land to form the village of Ashfield between Liverpool Rd and Alt St. Part of the subdivision was the building of St John's Church in Alt St in 1841. This is the oldest surviving building in Ashfield. By 1855, the village had about 70 houses and 200 residents. However, the opening of the Sydney-Parramatta railway line that year, with Ashfield as one of its six original stations, led to a population explosion. In 1872, there were enough residents for the area to be granted a municipalcouncil. By 1890, the population had grown to 11,000. [Pratten, C: "A short walk through Ashfield's past", page 1-2>cite web | url = http://www.ashfield.nsw.gov.au/pdf_files/A%20Short%20Walk%20Through%20Ashfields%20Past.pdf |title= "A short walk through Ashfield's past" | publisher = Ashfield Municipal Council | accessdate = 2007-05-13]
During this time, Ashfield was seen as a highly desirable location compared to the city, which had become crowded and pestilent. Many grand Victorian houses were built in the latter part of the 19th century. But by the time of
World War I, the suburb had fallen out of favour and the rich residents had mostly headed for the North Shore. Many of the grand homes were knocked down in the 1920s and 30s and replaced with small art decoblocks of flats or semi-detached houses. A few remain, however, and are listed in the Landmarks section. [Pratten, C: "A short walk through Ashfield's past", page 2-3>cite web | url = http://www.ashfield.nsw.gov.au/pdf_files/A%20Short%20Walk%20Through%20Ashfields%20Past.pdf |title= "A short walk through Ashfield's past" | publisher = Ashfield Municipal Council | accessdate = 2007-05-13]
By the 1950s, the population of Ashfield had begun to fall, as it had in many surrounding suburbs, as people moved to newer houses on larger blocks of land on the urban fringe. The Council's response was to start approving large blocks of flats, many of which were built during the 1960s and 70s but which also continue to be built today. There is, however, recognition of the area's heritage with many buildings in the suburb protected by heritage orders. [Pratten, C: "A short walk through Ashfield's past", page 4>cite web | url = http://www.ashfield.nsw.gov.au/pdf_files/A%20Short%20Walk%20Through%20Ashfields%20Past.pdf |title= "A short walk through Ashfield's past" | publisher = Ashfield Municipal Council | accessdate = 2007-04-28]
While never a noted industrial suburb, Ashfield has had a couple of significant industries. On Parramatta Rd near Frederick St was the
Australian Sixmotor car factory which opened in 1920. The site later became an AWA factory producing radio valves and other components. The site has since been turned into a commercial and residential development. On the other side of Frederick St was the Peek Freans biscuitfactory, the tower of which was (and still is) a familiar site to passing motorists on Parramatta Rd. However, this factory is also no longer industrial, serving today as a mega hardware store. [Pratten, C: "A short walk through Ashfield's past", page 3,21,24>cite web | url = http://www.ashfield.nsw.gov.au/pdf_files/A%20Short%20Walk%20Through%20Ashfields%20Past.pdf |title= "A short walk through Ashfield's past" | publisher = Ashfield Municipal Council | accessdate = 2007-05-13]
The main shopping precinct is located along Liverpool Road south of Ashfield railway station. Along this strip, there are a few medium-sized office blocks, many street-level shops and Ashfield Mall, a shopping centre containing
supermarkets, a discount department store and specialty shops. This commercial area also extends into Charlotte Street and Elizabeth Street on the northern side of the station. A second commercial precinct is located along Parramatta Roadconsisting mostly of automotive-related retail and light industry.
According to the 2006 census, the most common way of getting to work from Ashfield was by
Ashfield is located at the intersection of two major roads. Parramatta Road runs from Sydney city to Parramatta and ultimately continues on as the
Great Western Highwaythrough Penrith and the Blue Mountains to Bathurst. Liverpool Road runs from Parramatta Road at Ashfield to Liverpool and ultimately continues on as the Hume Highwayto Melbournevia Goulburn and Albury. While completion of the Sydney Orbital Networkhas bypassed these two roads somewhat, they remain busy and well connected to all parts of Sydney. Another major road is Frederick/Milton Street which connects the City West Link Roadat Haberfield with Georges River Rd at Croydon Park. There is also a proposal to build a tunnel connecting the City West Link Road with the start of the M4 Western Motorwayat North Strathfield. However, the proposal has drawn substantial local opposition and the plan is currently under review. [cite web | url= http://www.rta.nsw.gov.au/trafficinformation/downloads/aadt_data_files/aadtsydney2002_i.pdf | title=Traffic Volume Data for Sydney Region 2002 p.23,26,33 | publisher=Roads & Traffic Authority of NSW | accessdate=2007-08-06 ] [cite web | url= http://www.smh.com.au/news/National/M4-East-shelved-in-roads-makeover/2005/04/26/1114462041962.html | title=M4 East shelved in roads makeover | publisher=Sydney Morning Herald | accessdate=2007-08-06 ]
Ashfield railway station is on the Inner West line of the
CityRailnetwork. Ashfield was opened in 1855 as part of the original New South Wales RailwaysSydney to Parramatta rail line. [Bozier, Rolfe, [http://www.nswrail.net/locations/show.php?name=NSW:Ashfield "NSWRail.Net: Ashfield Railway Station"] . Accessed 3 November, 2007.] It was renovated and reopened in 2002. There are express and all stations services to the City Circle, Bankstown, Liverpool and Campbelltown. [cite web | url= http://www.railcorp.info/150years/reenactment | title=Your chance to be part of the 150 years celebrations | publisher=Railcorp | accessdate=2007-05-20 ] [cite web | url= http://www.cityrail.info/timetable/ttable.jsp?line=iw&day=wd&dir=up | title=Timetable-Inner West Line | publisher=CityRail | accessdate=2007-05-20 ]
Ashfield is the terminus for five Sydney bus services: 409 (to Burwood via Five Dock), 411 (to Roselands via Earlwood), 462 & 464 (to Mortlake via Enfield & Burwood) and 466 (to Cabarita via Enfield & Burwood). Another six lines pass through Ashfield: 413 (City to Campsie), 461 (City to Burwood), 471 & 472 (Five Dock to Rockdale) and 480 & 483 (City to Strathfield).cite web | url = http://www.sydneybuses.info/commonpdfs/sydneybuses/map/regionmaps/southern_region_map.pdf |title= "Sydney Buses Southern Region Map" | publisher = Sydney Buses | accessdate = 2007-04-28]
From 1890s to 1948 a tram service ran from Ashfield to Enfield and Burwood. The trams were originally powered by steam, but were electrified in 1910. There are plans to reintroduce trams to Ashfield by extending the
light railline which currently runs from Central Station to Lilyfield. However, the plans are a bit vague and there is no target date for completion of the extension.cite web | url = http://www.urbantransport-technology.com/projects/sydney/ |title= "Sydney Metro Light Rail Extension" | publisher = SPG Media | accessdate = 2007-04-28]
There are virtually no dedicated
bicyclepaths in the suburb of Ashfield but there is a local bicycle users group which has worked with the Council to identify preferred routes through Ashfield for cyclists. The Strathfield-Newtown route is the most important of this, passing down Park Lane and Robert Street towards Summer Hill where it links with the Cooks Riverto Iron CoveGreenway Corridor providing access to those two popular local cycleways.cite web | url = http://www.massbug.org.au/twiki/pub/MASSBUG/WebHome/HCATmap_A4.pdf |title= "The HCAT Innerwest Bike Map" | publisher = Marrickville South Sydney Bicycle Group | accessdate = 2007-04-28]
Ashfield has three primary schools: Ashfield Public (on Liverpool Rd), St Vincents (a Catholic school in Bland St), and Yeo Park Infants (on Victoria St at the southern extremity of the suburb). It also has three high schools:
Ashfield Boys High School(next to Ashfield Public on Liverpool Rd), Bethlehem College (a Catholic girls school in Bland St), and De La Salle College (a Catholic boys school next to Bethlehem in Bland St).
Ashfield Public is the oldest of these having been established in 1876 after much lobbying from local residents. Prior to that there had been schools operating out of the Methodist, Anglican and Presbyterian churches and there had even be a public school operating briefly out of the Methodist church between 1862 and 1866 but it wasn't till 1876 that it became a permanent fixture. In 1907, two years of secondary school were added and the school became a Superior School but it wasn't till 1965 that Ashfield Boys High was formally established and separated from the primary school. [Coupe, S&R: "Speed the Plough", page 74-75,107-110, 211-213. Ashfield Municipal Council, 1988 ISBN 0 9595234 1 3]
Bethlehem was the first high school in the area, established by the
Sisters of Charityin 1881. It led to a Catholic primary school St Charles being established shortly after. When it burnt down in 1904, St Vincents became the replacement, taking on the name of the newly built church next door. The De La Salleschool was established a little later in 1915. [Coupe, S&R: "Speed the Plough", page 112-114,214-215. Ashfield Municipal Council, 1988 ISBN 0 9595234 1 3]
The year after Bethlehem was established, an Anglican girls boarding school called Normanhurst was started in Bland St. It moved to Orpington St in 1888 and stayed there till 1941 when it closed down. It produced a number of notable students including
Pamela Travers(author of Mary Poppins) and tennis champion Daphne Akhurst. There were a number of other private schools in the area during this period as well but none survived to the present day. [Coupe, S&R: "Speed the Plough", page 112-114. Ashfield Municipal Council, 1988 ISBN 0 9595234 1 3]
There are no public hospitals in Ashfield although there are two private facilities. The Sydney Private Hospital on the corner of Victoria Street and Robert St first opened in 1931 as the Masonic Hospital. It did at one point have an Accident and Emergency Unit, an Intensive Care Unit, and a Maternity Unit. All of these were closed down in 2000 when the hospital changed ownership. It now focuses on elective surgery. The Wesley Private Hospital in Frederick Street is a well established mental health facility. [cite web | url = http://www.sydneyprivate.com.au/home/Default.aspx?tabindex=0&tabid=18 |title= "The History of Sydney Private Hospital" | publisher = Sydney Private Hospital | accessdate = 2007-05-14] [cite web | url = http://www.wesleymission.org.au/centres/whs/Wesley_Private_Hospital/ |title= "Wesley Private Hospital" | publisher = Wesley Mission | accessdate = 2007-09-13]
For visitors passing through Ashfield along Parramatta Road, Liverpool Road or the railway line, the three main landmarks that stand out are the tower of the old Peek Frean Biscuit factory (now Bunnings) on Parramatta Road, Wests Leagues Club on Liverpool Road next to the railway line and the Ashfield water reservoir in Holden Street to the south of the town centre. The water tower was built in 1912 and provides the water supply for the surrounding areas.cite web | url = http://www.sydneywater.com.au/WhoWeAre/OurHeritageAssets/pdf/public4575750.pdf |title= "Ashfield Reservoir" | publisher = Sydney Water | accessdate = 2007-04-28]
In the back streets of Ashfield, there is much more to see including: many fine historic houses that date back to the suburb's glory days in the late 19th century when the colony's wealthy made their homes in the suburb; a number of old churches and a couple of fine parks as well.
Ashfield Council produces a number of guides for heritage walks in the areacite web | url = http://www.ashfield.nsw.gov.au/parks/walks.htm |title= "Ashfield Council - Heritage Walks" | publisher = Ashfield Municipal Council | accessdate = 2007-04-28] . To the south of the town centre are Plynlimmon (built 1867) in Norton St and now a child care centre; Glenore ( built 1897) and Buninyong (built 1901), two adjacent properties in Tintern Road; Mountjoy (built 1870) now part of the hospital in Victoria Street; Glentworth (built 1887) also in Victoria Street and now part of a retirement village; Ashfield Castle (built 1887) in Queen Street and originally known as Ambleside; Thirning Villa, (built 1868) and now part of Pratten Park; Gallop House in Arthur Street, now part of a nursing home; and Milton in Blackwood Avenue, which was built in the 1850s and was once home to NSW Premier Sir
Henry Parkes. North of the railway line are Pittwood in Charlotte Street, formerly part of a nursing home but now used by Sydney Missionary and Bible College[ Sydney Missionary and Bible College, [http://www.smbc.com.au/about_campuses_ashfield.htm "SMBC: About: Campuses: Ashfield"] . Accessed 26 September, 2007.] ; the impressive tower of Amesbury (built 1888) in Alt Street; nearby Taringa in Taringa Street; and Gorton in Henry Street, which was built in 1860 and since 1876 has been the Infants Home.
A number of these properties are listed on the
Register of the National Estateincluding Amesbury, Ashfield Castle, Buninyong, Glenore, Taringa and two unnamed Gothic houses at 177-179 Norton Street. Also listed on the Register are Ashfield Park (see Parks section), the police and fire station in Victoria Street, and the band rotunda in Yeo Park.cite web | url = http://www.environment.gov.au/cgi-bin/ahdb/search.pl |title= "Australian Heritage Database" | publisher = Dept of the Environment, Water, Heritage and Arts | accessdate = 2008-02-09] [The Heritage of Australia, Macmillan Company, 1981]
The first church in Ashfield was St. John the Baptist's Anglican Church in Alt Street. It was part of Elizabeth Underwood's 1838 subdivision that gave rise to the village of Ashfield and was reserved by her for the purpose of 'the erection of an Episcopalian Church'. Prior to then, Anglican church services had been held in her house. Work on St Johns began in 1840 and, after the project was taken over by colonial architect
Edmund Blacket, it was consecratedin 1845. It is the oldest surviving building in Ashfield. [Coupe, S&R: "Speed the Plough", page 48-51. Ashfield Municipal Council, 1988 ISBN 0 9595234 1 3]
In 1842, neighbouring landowner Robert Campbell made an acre of land between Liverpool Road and Norton Street available for a
Methodistchapel and schoolhouse. In 1864, a larger building was erected on the site which still exists as the Ashfield Uniting Church. It is also home of the Exodus Foundation providing 400 meals a day to the needy. [Coupe, S&R: "Speed the Plough", page 51. Ashfield Municipal Council, 1988 ISBN 0 9595234 1 3]
Presbyterians didn't build a local church until 1876, choosing a site on the corner of Liverpool Rd and Knox Street. Prior to this, they had been going to St David's in Haberfield. Although they later built a larger church on the same Knox Street site, the original church is located at the South Western corner of the property, having been moved twice from its original location. [Coupe, S&R: "Speed the Plough", page 81-83. Ashfield Municipal Council, 1988 ISBN 0 9595234 1 3]
Catholic services began in the area in 1880 with the establishment of Bethlehem College. Services quickly outgrew the school's small chapel and in 1894, the Vincentian Fathers started building a church in Bland Street, opposite Bethlehem. Designed by Catholic Architects Sheerin and Hennessy in a grand Romanesque style, St Vincents was completed in 1907. [Coupe, S&R: "Speed the Plough", page 112-114,148-149. Ashfield Municipal Council, 1988 ISBN 0 9595234 1 3]
Baptistsheld their first service in the School of Arts building on the corner of Liverpool Road and Holden Street. After building a small church further down Holden Street in 1886, they returned to the School of Arts in 1903 which then became known as the Baptist Tabernacle. In 1937, they sold the building, which was knocked down and replaced with a cinema, and moved to their current site on the corner of Holden and Norton Streets. It is Gothic in style with a landmark tower, an impressive street facade and a sympathetically designed adjoining hall. [Coupe, S&R: "Speed the Plough", page 81,186. Ashfield Municipal Council, 1988 ISBN 0 9595234 1 3]
Ashfield Park on Parramatta Road is one of the finest urban landscapes in Sydney. It features big phoenix palms, a war memorial, a children's playground with a statue of
Mary Poppins, a monument to International Mother Language Daybuilt by former artist-in-residence Ian Marr and the Bangladeshi community, a statue of Philippinesnational hero Jose Rizal, a sporting field and one of Sydney's oldest bowling clubs. The park was proclaimed in 1885 when it was claimed at the time you could 'see all the way to Martin Place'.cite web | url = http://www.ashfield.nsw.gov.au/pdf_files/ashfield_park.pdf |title= "The story behind Ashfield Park" | publisher = Ashfield Municipal Council | accessdate = 2007-04-28]
The area's major sporting ground is
Pratten Park, home of the Western Suburbs grade cricket club in summer and used by the Canterbury District Soccer Football Association in winter. There are also tennis courts and a bowling club adjacent to the main oval. Thirning Villa, located within the park, is home to the Ashfield District Historical Society and an artistin residence sponsored by the local council.cite web | url = http://www.ashfield.nsw.gov.au/parks/facilities.htm |title= "Ashfield Municipal Council - Hiring Parks and Sporting Fields" | publisher = Ashfield Municipal Council | accessdate = 2007-04-28]
The other sporting field in the area is at Hammond Park on Frederick Street. It predates both Ashfield Park and Pratten Park having begun life in 1877 as a private cricket ground. In 1888, it was intended to be the setting for the first descent of a parachute from a
hot air balloonin Australia. Unfortunately, the parachutist (JT Williams) missed the mark and landed in Homebush, roughly 4km away. This park was also the site of an ice skatingrink in the late 1800s. [Pratten, C: "A short walk through Ashfield's past", page 4,9>cite web | url = http://www.ashfield.nsw.gov.au/pdf_files/A%20Short%20Walk%20Through%20Ashfields%20Past.pdf |title= "A short walk through Ashfield's past" | publisher = Ashfield Municipal Council | accessdate = 2007-04-28]
The other parks of note in the area are Yeo Park on the southern edge of the suburb and featuring a National Heritage listed band rotunda, and Explorers Park on the corner of Parramatta Road and Liverpool Road, built to commemorate the point where many early British explorers began their journeys west and south. It also features engraved images from early indigenous people in Sydney.
municipallevel the suburb of Ashfield is entirely within the Municipality of Ashfield, the boundaries of which haven't changed since the Municipality was formed in 1872. The area also falls under the jurisdiction of the New South Walesstate government and a federal government, the Commonwealth of Australia.
For federal elections, Ashfield is part of the electoral division of Grayndler, currently held by Labor's
Anthony Albanese. Since 1977, it has mostly been in this Division although parts have been in the neighbouring Divisions of Lowe and Watson at various times. Previously, the suburb was in the electorate of Parkes from Federation in 1901 until 1949. From then until 1977 it was in the now abolished electorate of Evans.
For state elections, the suburb is split between the electoral divisions of Strathfield, held by Labor's
Virginia Judgeand Canterbury held by Labor's Linda Burney. Prior to 1894, Ashfield was in the state electorate of Canterbury. From 1894 until 1999, there was a state electorate of Ashfield, which was abolished when the state government decided to reduce the total number of electorates in the state.
These days, Ashfield is considered a safe Labor area. The attached table shows that when you just look at the polling booths in the suburb of Ashfield, Labor has consistently returned over 65% of the two-party preferred vote in recent years. The Greens vote, while not as large as in other parts of the inner-west has been steadily increasing and environmental issues are now one of the big local issues. Prior to the 1970s, the area was more conservative, generally returning members who were Free Trade, Nationalist, UAP or Liberal although it wasn't unheard of for Labor members to get elected during this period.cite web | url = http://psephos.adam-carr.net/countries/a/australia/divisions/par1.txt |title= "Parkes 1901-69" | publisher = Dr Adam Carr | accessdate = 2007-04-28] cite web | url = http://psephos.adam-carr.net/countries/a/australia/divisions/evan.txt |title= "Evans" | publisher = Dr Adam Carr | accessdate = 2007-04-28] cite web | url = http://psephos.adam-carr.net/countries/a/australia/divisions/gray.txt |title= "Grayndler" | publisher = Dr Adam Carr | accessdate = 2007-04-28]
The present council is composed of five Labor councillors, three independents, three Greens and one Liberal. The current mayor is Ted Cassidy, an independent. Current local issues in the area include the redevelopment of Ashfield Mall and concerns about over-development in general [cite web | url=http://www.villagevoice.com.au/article/20061116/NWS09/611165615/Mall+plans+for+approval | title=Mall plans for approval | publisher=News Digital Media | accessdate=2008-02-07] ; construction of the M4 East tunnel because it might lead to increased traffic pollution [cite web | url= http://www.ashfield.nsw.gov.au/whats_on/m4east.htm| title=M4 East campaign| publisher=Ashfield Municipal Council| accessdate=2007-08-06 ] ; and the general state of the commercial area, which one councillor labelled 'Trashfield' [cite web | url=http://www.villagevoice.com.au/article/20070619/NWS03/706190310/Welcome+to+'Trashfield'| title=Welcome to Trashfield | publisher=News Digital Media | accessdate=2008-02-07] . Also contentious is Ashfield Council itself. In 2003, it was described by the Daily Telegraph as one of the worst councils in Sydney after one councillor took out a restraining order against another. Since then another councillor has been sacked for not being a bona fide resident of the municipality while other councillors have made outspoken comments on issues such as the
Iraq War, bird flu, the Monarchy and 30 km/h speed limits within residential areas. [cite web | url=http://www.villagevoice.com.au/article/20061116/NWS09/611163263/Ashfield+goes+slow| title=Ashfield goes slow | publisher=News Digital Media | accessdate=2008-02-07]
In the 2006
Australian Bureau of Statistics Censusof Population and Housing, Ashfield had a population of 21,260 people, in an area of 3.5 square kilometres. For most statistics, the suburb was similar to the national averages. The median age (35) was slightly younger than the national average (37). The number of people who had never married (39%) was slightly higher than the national figure (33%) and the median income ($478 per week) was slightly better off than the national average but lower than the figure for the Greater Sydney region.
One area where Ashfield differed markedly from the national figures was in its ethnic diversity. Just 40% of Ashfield residents were Australian-born with 14.5% born in
Chinaand 5.2% born in India. A fifth of the population spoke a Chinese languageat home (Mandarin 13.7% and Cantonese 6.0%). Among local Chinese Australians, Ashfield is sometimes referred to as " Little Shanghai" due to the large number of Shanghainese shopkeepers along the suburb's main business street. [Wise, A: "Contact Zones", page 6>cite web | url = http://www.crsi.mq.edu.au/documents/contact-zones-report.pdf |title= "Contact Zones" | publisher = Centre for Research on Social Inclusion, Macquarie University| accessdate = 2007-05-04]
The most common religion reported was
Catholicism (29%), down slightly on the 2001 census figure but still higher than the national average. The number of people professing no religion (23%) was the next largest category, followed by Anglicans (7%), well below the national figure of 19%. Also significant were Hindus and Buddhists, both around 6%.
The other area where Ashfield differs is its housing. Of the 8,664 occupied private dwellings counted, 59% were flats (compared to the national figure of just 14%), 28% were detached houses, while 12% were
semi-detachedor attached houses. The high number of flats contributed to a higher than average number of people renting (45%) compared to houses owned outright (24%) or being purchased (21%).Census 2006 AUS | id = SSC11031 | name = Ashfield (State Suburb) | quick = on | accessdate = 2007-07-03]
The following notable people were born or lived in Ashfield:
Daphne Akhurst(1903-1933): Five times Australian Opentennis champion, who was born and raised in Ashfield.
* Robert Campbell (1769-1846): Early settler responsible for giving Ashfield its name.
Ian Clunies Ross(1899-1959): Veterinary scientist and founder of the CSIRO, he was for a while commemorated on the Australian $50 note.
* Rev Bill Crews (1944-): As the Minister of Ashfield Uniting Church, he created the Exodus Foundation to assist homeless and abandoned youth.
Henry Parkes(1815-1896): Former NSW Premier and "Father of Federation", he lived in Ashfield during the 1870s.
Mei Quong Tart(1850-1903): Prominent Sydney businessman, tea houseowner and acting consul to the Imperial Chinese government in the late 19th century.
P. L. Travers(1899-1996): Author of five volumes of "Mary Poppins" stories, she lived in Ashfield during her later school years.
The major community event in Ashfield each year is the "Carnival of Cultures", a celebration of the area's
multiculturalism. Held every year since 1996 in Ashfield Park, it includes performances, food stalls and children's entertainment [cite web | url = http://www.ashfield.nsw.gov.au/carnival/carnival_the_carnival.htm |title= "Carnival of Cultures" | publisher = Ashfield Municipal Council | accessdate = 2007-05-16] . In recent years, the Sydney Writers' Festivalhas also held part of its program in Ashfield as part of the regular "Authors at Ashfield" series of talks. [cite web | url = http://www.ashfield.nsw.gov.au/library_authatashfield_Coming.htm |title= "Authors at Ashfield" | publisher = Ashfield Municipal Council | accessdate = 2007-05-16]
Ashfield Council has developed a program of community arts in the suburb. This includes the funding of an artist-in-residence, who is based at Thirning Villa in Pratten Park. The current artist is
photographerSarah-Jane Cook. Part of her residency involves artist talks, community workshops and teaching at local schools. In front of Thirning Villa is Ashfield's version of the Rosetta Stone, made by former artist-in-residence Ian Marr and featuring a passage from the Iliadby Homerin twelve different community languages. [cite web | url = http://www.ashfield.nsw.gov.au/community_services/AIR.htm |title= "Thirning Villa - Artist in Residence" | publisher = Ashfield Municipal Council | accessdate = 2008-07-24]
Ashfield has a long history with the sport of
rugby league. The Western Suburbs Magpiesrugby league team was formed in Ashfield in 1908 and played in the inaugural New South Wales Rugby Leaguecompetition that year. The club won its four premierships (1930, 1934, 1948 & 1952) while based at Pratten Park. It moved west to Lidcombe in 1967, then southwest to Campbelltown in 1987. In 2000, the club merged with the Balmain Tigersto create the Wests Tigerswhich splits its games between Leichhardt and Campbelltown. The Wests Leagues Club has stayed in Ashfield since 1908 despite the wanderings of its home ground.cite web | url = http://www.westsmagpies.net/archives/2007/php/history.php |title= "Wests History Milestones" | publisher = Western Suburbs Leagues Club | accessdate = 2007-04-28]
Ashfield also holds a cycling milestone when it hosted the first woman's cycling race in the world in 1888. Dorothy Morrell won the two-mile (3 km) race. [Brown, R: "Collins Milestone in Australian History". Collins, 1986 ISBN 0 00 216581 3]
References and notes
* [http://members.optusnet.com.au/ashfield_dhs/index.htm Ashfield & District Historical Society] .
* [http://www.ashfield.nsw.gov.au Ashfield Municipal Council]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
New South Wales state election, 1959 — 1956 ← 21 March 1959 (1959 03 21) … Wikipedia
New South Wales state election, 1968 — 1965 ← 24 February 1968 (1968 02 24) … Wikipedia
New South Wales state election, 1953 — 1950 ← 14 February 1953 (1953 02 14) … Wikipedia
New South Wales Police Force — Crest … Wikipedia
New South Wales state election, 1950 — 1947 ← 17 June 1950 (1950 06 17) … Wikipedia
New South Wales Legislative Assembly electoral districts — The New South Wales Legislative Assembly is elected from 93 single member electorates called districts. Current districts This is a list of districts for the 2007 general election.* Albury * Auburn * Ballina * Balmain (1880 1894: Balmain; 1894… … Wikipedia
Croydon, New South Wales — Croydon Sydney, New South Wales The Strand, Croydon Population … Wikipedia
Ashbury, New South Wales — Infobox Australian Place | type = suburb name = Ashbury city = Sydney state = nsw caption = Peace Park lga = City of Canterbury postcode = 2193 est = 1919 pop = 3,224 (2001 census) propval = [http://www.domain.com.au/public/suburbprofile.aspx?mode… … Wikipedia
Haberfield, New South Wales — Infobox Australian Place | type = suburb name = Haberfield city = Sydney state = nsw caption = Ramsay Street, Haberfield lga = Municipality of Ashfield postcode = 2045 pop = 6,797 (2001 census) stategov = Balmain fedgov = Grayndler near nw = Five … Wikipedia
Enfield, New South Wales — Infobox Australian Place type = suburb name = Enfield city = Sydney state = nsw caption = War Memorial, Liverpool Road lga = Burwood Council postcode = 2136 pop = 2,448 (2001 census) propval = [http://www.domain.com.au/public/suburbprofile.aspx?mo… … Wikipedia