- Thomas Fleming (judge)
name = Thomas Fleming
image_size = 200px
caption = Sir Thomas Fleming
birth_date = April 1544
Newport, Isle of Wight
death_date = death date|1613|8|7
death_place = Stoneham Park, Hampshire
residence = Stoneham Park, Hampshire
nationality = British
known_for = Judge, Lord Chief Justice of England and Wales, Chief Baron of the Exchequer
Sir Thomas Fleming (April,
1544- August 7, 1613), English judge, was born at Newport, Isle of Wight, and was called to the bar at Lincoln's Innin 1574.
He represented Winchester in parliament from 1584 to 1601, when he was returned for Southampton. In 1594 he was appointed recorder of London, and in 1595 was chosen solicitor-general in preference to
Francis Bacon. This office he retained under James I and was knighted in 1603. In 1604 he was created chief baron of the exchequer and presided over many important state trials.
In 1607 he was promoted to the chief justiceship of the king's bench, and was one of the judges at the trial of the "
post nati" in 1608, siding with the majority of the judges in declaring that persons born in Scotlandafter the accession of James I were entitled to the privileges of natural-born subjects in England.
He purchased the North Stoneham estate from Henry Wriothesley, a young
Earl of Southamptonwho inherited the title and estate at the age of eight.cite book | last = Page | first = William | authorlink = | coauthors = | title = A History of the County of Hampshire: Volume 3 | publisher = | date = 1908 | location = | pages = pp. 478-481. | url = http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=42034 | doi = | id = | isbn = ]
He was praised by his contemporaries, more particularly Coke, for his great judgments, integrity and discretion. He died on
7 August 1613at his seat, Stoneham Park, Hampshire. His descendants were still in possession of the estate in 1908. The Fleming Arms public house, and Fleming Road, both in Swaythling, are named after the family.
Edward Foss, "Lives of the Judges".
* [http://www.willisfleming.org.uk The Willis Fleming Historical Trust]
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