- Trumpet Concerto (Haydn)
Joseph Haydn's Concerto per il Clarino, Hob.: VII e, 1 ("Trumpet Concerto in E flat major") was written in 1796, when he was 64 years old, for his long time friend Anton Weidinger.
Anton Weidinger reputably had developed a
keyed trumpetwhich could play chromatically throughout its entire range. Before this, the trumpet was commonly valveless and could only play a limited range of harmonic notes by altering lip pressure. These harmonic notes were clustered in the higher registers, so previous trumpet concertos could only play melodies at very high pitches (e.g., Bach's Brandenburg Concerto No. 2). Haydn's concerto includes melodies in the lower register, exploiting the capabilities of the new instrument.
There were attempts all over Europe around the mid-classical era to expand the range of the trumpet using valves, and Weidinger's idea of drilling holes and covering them with flute-like keys proved reasonably unpopular, due to their poorer quality of sound. Thus the natural trumpet still had continual use in the classical orchestra whilst the keyed trumpet had barely any repetoire. The valved
trumpets used today started to appear in the 1830s.
The work is composed in three movements (typical of a
concerto), and they are marked as follows:
* I. Allegro
* II. Andante
* III. Finale-Allegro (Rondo)
In addition to the solo trumpet, the concerto is scored for an orchestra consisting of 2
flutes, 2 oboes, 2 bassoons, 2 horns, 2 (presumably natural) trumpets (which generally play in support of the horns or timpani rather than the solo trumpet), timpaniand strings.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Trumpet Concerto (Michael Haydn) — Michael Haydn s Trumpet Concerto in C major, MH 60, was completed in 1763, and is is one of the most difficult in the entire repertory. [Edward H. Tarr, booklet for Naxos 8.554375, The Art of the Baroque Trumpet , Vol. 4] The work is in two… … Wikipedia
Trumpet Concerto (Leopold Mozart) — Leopold Mozart s Trumpet Concerto in D major was completed in 1762, and is now popular with trumpeters. [Charles Cudsworth, review of Argo LP ZRG 669, The Musical Times 112 1539 (1971): 452] The work is in two movements:*I. Largo [The Gábor… … Wikipedia
Trumpet Concerto (Hummel) — Like Joseph Haydn, Johann Nepomuk Hummel wrote his Concerto a Trombe Principale ( Trumpet Concerto in E Major ) for Viennese trumpet virtuoso and inventor of the keyed trumpet, Anton Weidinger. It was written in December of 1803 and performed on… … Wikipedia
Trumpet Concerto (Arutunian) — Alexander Arutunian’s Trumpet Concerto in A flat major (1950), also known as the Arutunian Trumpet Concerto, is the Armenian composer’s sixth major composition, a virtuoso showpiece composed in 1949 1950. It was written for the trumpet player… … Wikipedia
Concerto — For other uses, see Concerto (disambiguation). Frederick the Great playing a flute concerto in Sanssouci, C. P. E. Bach at the piano, Johann Joachim Quantz is lea … Wikipedia
Concerto for Orchestra — Although a concerto is usually a piece of music for one or more solo instruments accompanied by a full orchestra, several composers have written works with the apparently contradictory title Concerto for Orchestra. This title is usually chosen to … Wikipedia
Concerto grosso — The concerto grosso (Italian for big concert(o), plural concerti grossi) is a form of baroque music in which the musical material is passed between a small group of soloists (the concertino) and full orchestra (the ripieno). This is in contrast… … Wikipedia
concerto — /keuhn cher toh/; It. /kawn cherdd taw/, n., pl. concertos, concerti / tee/. Music. a composition for one or more principal instruments, with orchestral accompaniment, now usually in symphonic form. [1720 30; < It, deriv. of concertare; see… … Universalium
Keyed trumpet — www.thekeyedtrumpet.co.uk [http://www.thekeyedtrumpet.co.uk] The keyed trumpet is a brass instrument that, contrary to the traditional valved trumpet, uses keys. The keyed trumpet is rarely seen in modern performances, but was relatively common… … Wikipedia
List of concertos by Joseph Haydn — The following is a partial list of concerti by Joseph Haydn (1732 1809). In the Hoboken catalogue of Haydn s works, concertos for most instruments are in category VII which a different letter for each solo instrument (VIIa is for violin concerti … Wikipedia