Dulce de leche


Dulce de leche


Dulce de leche (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈdulse ðe ˈletʃe]; Portuguese: doce de leite, IPA: [ˈdosi dʒi ˈlejtʃi]) is a thick, caramel-like milk-based sauce or spread.

Literally translated, dulce de leche means "sweet from milk". It is prepared by slowly heating sweetened milk to create a product that derives its taste from caramelised sugar. It is a popular sweet in Latin America, where it is known under a variety of names. In Chile, Ecuador and Panama it is known as manjar. In Peru, Colombia and Venezuela it is referred to as manjar blanco or arequipe, depending on regional variations. In Mexico and Nicaragua is is commonly called cajeta. It is also found in Brazil, known by its Portuguese name doce de leite.

A French version, known as confiture de lait, is very similar to the spreadable forms of dulce de leche. A Norwegian version, Hamar-pålegg ("Hamar spread"), better known as HaPå, is a relatively thick and not so sweet commercial variant.

Preparation and uses

The most basic recipe calls for slowly simmering milk and sugar, stirring almost constantly, although other ingredients may be included to achieve special properties. Much of the water in the milk evaporates and the mix thickens; the resulting dulce de leche is usually about a sixth of the volume of the milk used. The transformation that occurs in preparation is caused by a combination of two common browning reactions called caramelization and the Maillard reaction.[1]

Muffins with dulce de leche sauce

A home-made form of dulce de leche is sometimes made by boiling an unopened can of sweetened condensed milk for 2 to 3 hours (or 30 to 45 minutes in a pressure cooker), particularly by those living in countries where it cannot be bought ready-made. It is dangerous to do this on a stove: if the pot is allowed to boil dry, the can will overheat and explode.[2]

Dulce de leche is used to flavor candies or other sweet foods, such as cakes, cookies (see alfajor), or ice creams (Argentina and recently introduced in Spain and the USA), as well as crème caramel (flan in Spanish and Portuguese). It provides the "toffee" part of English Banoffee pie. It is also popular spread on pancakes and toast. French confiture de lait is commonly served with fromage blanc; a Dutch variety (really, a caramel paste), marketed as Bebogeen, is a children's favorite on bread.

A solid candy made out of dulce de leche, similar to the Polish krówki and named Vaquita (little cow), was manufactured by the Mu-Mu factory in Argentina until the company went out of business in 1984 (as a consequence of financial speculation by its owners[citation needed]). Subsequently, other brands began to manufacture similar candies, giving them names such as Vauquita and Vaquerita in an effort to link their products to the original.

In 1997, the ice cream company Häagen-Dazs introduced a dulce de leche-flavored ice cream; in the same year, Starbucks began offering dulce de leche-flavored coffee products.[3] In the early part of 2009, Girl Scouts of the USA introduced dulce de leche flavored cookies as part of their annual cookie sales program.[4][citation needed]

A similar recipe is used to prepare basundi in India. It is like a less condensed dulce de leche, flavoured with cardamom and is eaten as dessert. The Philippines also has dulce de leche, which is usually paired with cakes or breakfast rolls.

This is also known in Russia as boiled concentrated milk (such being the Russian equivalent of sweetened condensed milk).

See also

References

  1. ^ Harold McGee (2004). On Food and Cooking: The Science and Lore of the Kitchen. New York, New York: Scribner. p. 657. ISBN 10-0-684-80001-2. 
  2. ^ Maria Baez Kijac (2003). The South American Table: The Flavor and Soul of Authentic Home Cooking from Patagonia to Rio de Janeiro, with 450 Recipes. Harvard, Mass: Harvard Common Press. p. 391. ISBN 1-55832-249-3. 
  3. ^ Felice Torre (2007). "Taste the Flavors of my Homeland". Starbucks. http://www.starbucks.com/aboutus/iamstarbucks_ddl.asp. [dead link]
  4. ^ "Girl Scout Cookies - Meet the Cookies". Girl Scouts of the USA. 2009. http://www.girlscoutcookies.org/. 

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dulce de leche — (spanisch; wörtlich etwa: Süßes aus Milch oder Milchkonfitüre) oder „manjar blanco“ ist ein in ganz Lateinamerika (vor allem in Chile, südliches Brasilien, Paraguay, Uruguay, Argentinien, Venezuela, Bolivien, Kolumbien, Ecuador, Mexiko, Costa… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • dulce de leche — /dŭlˈsā də lechˈā/ noun An Argentine dessert made by caramelizing sugar in milk ORIGIN: Sp, literally, milk confection …   Useful english dictionary

  • Dulce de leche — Una bola de dulce de leche. El dulce de leche, también conocido como manjar, manjar blanco, arequipe o cajeta es un dulce tradicional de Hispanoamérica y que corresponde a una variante caramelizada de la leche. Su consumo se extiende por todos… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Dulce De Leche — Confiture de lait Dulce de leche La confiture de lait est une vieille spécialité culinaire sans véritable origine (on trouve en effet des recettes similaires dans toutes les parties du monde). En France, on trouve la confiture de lait dans les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dulce de leche — Confiture de lait Dulce de leche La confiture de lait est une vieille spécialité culinaire sans véritable origine (on trouve en effet des recettes similaires dans toutes les parties du monde). En France, on trouve la confiture de lait dans les… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dulce de leche — ► locución Argentina, Uruguay COCINA Manjar de consistencia pastosa que se prepara cociendo a fuego lento leche y azúcar, hasta que adquiere un color marrón claro y consistencia espesa. * * * El dulce de leche es un dulce tradicional de toda la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • dulce de leche — Leche espesada durante horas con considerable cantidad de azúcar hasta que queda con consistencia pastosa y color acaramelado. Mmmmm... delicioso …   Argentino-Español diccionario

  • dulce de leche — pop. Igual que Dulce …   Diccionario Lunfardo

  • dulce de leche — noun A South American sweet spread made from sugar and boiled milk …   Wiktionary

  • dulce de leche — /dʊlseɪ deɪ ˈlɛtʃeɪ/ (say doolsay day lechay) noun a thick milk based sauce or spread prepared by slowly heating sweetened milk until the sugar is caramelised and the milk is much reduced. {Spanish: literally, sweet (candy) of milk} …   Australian English dictionary


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