Zwickau


Zwickau

Infobox German Location
Art = Stadt
Wappen = Wappen Zwickau.svg
lat_deg = 50 | lat_min = 43 | lat_sec = 08
lon_deg = 12 | lon_min = 29 | lon_sec = 46
Lageplan =
Bundesland = Sachsen
Regierungsbezirk = Chemnitz
Landkreis = Zwickau
Höhe = 241-444
Fläche = 102.54
Einwohner = 96055
Stand = 2007-09-30
PLZ = 08001–08066
PLZ-alt = 95xx
Vorwahl = 0375
Kfz = Z
Gemeindeschlüssel = 14 1 67 000
NUTS =
LOCODE = DE ZWI
Gliederung = 5 Stadtbezirke
mit 35 Stadtteilen
Adresse = Hauptmarkt 1
08056 Zwickau
Website = [http://www.zwickau.de/ www.zwickau.de]
Bürgermeister = Dietmar Vettermann
Bürgermeistertitel = Oberbürgermeister
Partei = parteilos

Zwickau (IPA2|ˈtsvɪkaʊ̯, _cs. Cvikov) is a city in Germany, in the Bundesland Sachsen (Saxony), situated in a valley at the foot of the Erzgebirge, on the left bank of the Zwickauer Mulde, 130 km (82 miles) southwest of Dresden, south of Leipzig and south west of Chemnitz. Its population is slightly below 100,000. It is accessed by nearby autobahns, the A72 and A4 along with a train station.

Boundaries

Zwickau is bounded by Mülsen, Reinsdorf, Wilkau-Haßlau, Hirschfeld (Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Kirchberg), Lichtentanne, Werdau, Neukirchen, Crimmitschau, Dennheritz (Verwaltungsgemeinschaft Crimmitschau) and the city of Glauchau.

Districts

*Mitte (Center)
**Innenstadt
**12 Mitte-Nord
**13 Mitte-West
**14 Mitte-Süd
**15 Nordvorstadt
*Ost (East)
**21 Gebiet Äußere Dresdner Straße/Pöhlauer Straße
**22 Eckersbach Siedlung
**23 Pöhlau
**24 Auerbach
**25 Eckersbacher Höhe (E5/1)
**26 Eckersbacher Höhe (E5/2-3)
**27 Eckersbacher Höhe (E1-E4)
**28 Gebiet Talstraße/Trillerberg
*Nord (North)
**31 Pölbitz
**32 Weißenborn
**33 Niederhohndorf
**34 Hartmannsdorf
**35 Oberrothenbach¹
**36 Mosel ¹
**37 Crossen¹
**38 Schneppendorf
**39 Schlunzig ¹
*West (West)
**41 Gebiet Reichenbacher Straße und Freiheitssiedlung
**42 Marienthal-Ost
**43 Marienthal-West
**44 Brand
*Süd (South)
**51 Bockwa
**52 Oberhohndorf
**53 Schedewitz/Geinitzsiedlung
**54 Niederplanitz
**55 Neuplanitz
**56 Hüttelsgrün
**57 Oberplanitz
**58 Rottmannsdorf ¹
**59 Cainsdorf ¹

Highlights

Among the nine churches, the fine Gothic church of St Mary (1451-1536 and restored 1885–1891), with a spire 285 ft. high and a bell weighing 51 tons, is remarkable. The church contains an altar with wood-carving and eight pictures by Michael Wohlgemuth and a remarkable pietà in carved and painted wood, by , and the late Gothic Gewandhaus (cloth merchants' hall), built 1522-24 and now in part converted into a theatre.

The history of the Horch automobile factory is presented at the August Horch Museum, an Anchor Point of ERIH, The European Route of Industrial Heritage.

Zwickau is also the birthplace of Robert Schumann and there is a museum dedicated to him.

Economy

The manufactures of Zwickau include spinning and weaving, machinery, automobiles (notably Horch and Audi before WW II and the Trabant), chemicals, porcelain, paper, glass, dyestuffs, wire goods, tinware, stockings, and curtains. There are also steam saw-mills, diamond and glass polishing works, iron-foundries, and breweries. Though no longer relatively so important as when it lay on the chief trade route from Saxony to Bohemia and the Danube, Zwickau carries on considerable commerce in grain, linen, and coal. The mainstay of the industrial prosperity of the town is the adjacent coalfield, which in 1908 employed 13,000 hands, and yielded millions of tons of coal annually. The mines are mentioned as early as 1348; but they have only been actively worked since 1823, during which time the population of Zwickau has increased more than tenfold.

Education

Zwickau is home of the West Saxon University of Applied Sciences with about 4700 students and two campuses in the area of Zwickau.

Transport

*Leipzig-Altenburg Airport

port

One time DDR-Oberliga champions, football team "FSV Zwickau" today play in the fourt Oberliga in the South of East Germany.

History

The region around Zwickau was settled by Slavs as early as the 7th century. In the 10th century, German settlers began arriving and the native Slavs were Christianized. A trading place known as "Zcwickaw" was mentioned in 1118. The settlement received a town charter in 1212 and hosted Franciscans and Cistercians during the 13th century. Zwickau was a free imperial city from 1290-1323, but was granted to the margraves of Meissen afterward. Although regional mining began in 1316, extensive mining increased with the discovery of silver in the Schneeberg in 1470.

The Anabaptist movement of 1525 began at Zwickau under the inspiration of the "Zwickau prophets". Confessional warfare plundered the city during the Thirty Years' War.

The composer Robert Schumann was born in Zwickau in 1810 in a house which still stands in the marketplace.

During the Second World War, the government operated a Nazi concentration camp in Zwickau, liberated by the Allies in 1945. After liberation by the Americans, the town was placed under Soviet control.

From 1949-1990 Zwickau belonged to East Germany and was a center for the mining of coal and the manufacture of Trabant automobiles.

As of November 2004, Ampelmännchen traffic signals have achieved gender equality; in Zwickau the first "traffic light lady", or "Ampelfrau", was created.

Incorporations

*1895: Pölbitz
*1902: Marienthal
*1905: Eckersbach
*1922: Weißenborn
*January 1, 1923: Schedewitz
*1939: Brand and Bockwa
*January 1, 1944: Oberhohndorf and Planitz (with Oberplanitz, Neuplanitz und Niederplanitz)
*February 1, 1953: Auerbach, Pöhlau and Niederhohndorf
*July 1, 1993: Hartmannsdorf
*April 1, 1996: Rottmannsdorfs
*October 1, 1996: Crossen (with 4 municipalities on Janutary 1, 1994 Schneppendorf)
*January 1, 1999: Cainsdorf, Mosel, Oberrothenbach and Schlunzig along with Hüttelsgrün (Lichtentanne) and Freiheitssiedlung

Historical population

¹ Census data

Historical mayors of Zwickau

*Carl Wilhelm Ferber: 1800, 1802, 1804, 1806, 1808, 1810, 1812, 1814
*Tobias Hempel: 1801, 1803, 1805, 1807, 1809, 1811, 1813, 1815, 1817, 1819
*Christian Gottlieb Haugk: 1816, 1818, 1820, 1822
*Carl Heinrich Rappius: 1821, 1823, 1825, 1826
*Christian Heinrich Pinther: 1824
*1827 - 1830: Christian Heinrich Mühlmann, Stadtvogt
*1830 - 1832: Franz Adolf Marbach
*1832 - 1860: Friedrich Wilhelm Meyer
*1860 - 1898: Lothar Streit, from 1874 "Oberbürgermeister"
*1898 - 1919: Karl Keil
*1919 - 1934: Richard Holz
*1945 - 1949: Paul Müller
*1949 - 1954: Otto Aßmann
*1954 - 1958: Otto Schneider
*1958 - 1969: Gustav Seifried
*1969 - 1973: Liesbeth Windisch
*1973 - 1977: Helmut Repmann
*1977 - 1990: Heiner Fischer
*1990 - 2001: Rainer Eichhorn

Twinnings

*flagicon|Czech Republic Jablonec nad Nisou, Czech Republic, "since 1971"
*flagicon|Netherlands Zaanstad, Netherlands, "since 1987"
*flagicon|Germany Dortmund, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, "since 1988"

References

*

External links

* [http://www.zwickau-service.de e-Catalogue of the area]
* [http://www.zwickau-aktuell.de]
* [http://www.freiepresse.de/TEXTE/NACHRICHTEN/REGIONAL/WESTSACHSEN/ZWICKAU/ Freie Presse - Zwickauer Zeitung]


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