Grand Duchy of the Lower Rhine


Grand Duchy of the Lower Rhine

Infobox Former Subdivision
native_name = "Großherzogtum Niederrhein"
conventional_long_name = Grand Duchy of the Lower Rhine
common_name = Lower Rhine
subdivision = Province
nation=Prussia
year_start =1815
year_end = 1822
previous_states =
following_states =
p1 = Electorate of Trier
p2 = Manderscheid
p3 = Malmedy
p4 = Free City of Aachen
p5 = Electoral Palatinate!Palatinate
p6 = Luxembourg
p7 = Duchy of Limburg
s1 = Rhine Province
flag_s1 = Flagge Preußen - Provinz_Rheinland.svg
today = North Rhine-Westphalia Rhineland-Palatinate
Hesse Saarland Eupen-Malmedy




symbol_type =
symbol_type_article =




symbol_type =
symbol_type_article =



image_map_caption = The Lower Rhine Province (red}, within the Kingdom of Prussia (blue), within the German Confederation (member states in tan)
capital = Koblenz
latd=50 |latm=22 |latNS=N |longd=7 |longm=36 |longEW=E
stat_area1 =
stat_pop1= 951998
stat_year1 = 1816
stat_pop2 = 1042724
stat_year2 = 1822
political_subdiv=Aachen Koblenz Trier
footnotes =
The Grand Duchy of the Lower Rhine ( _de. Großherzogtum Niederrhein), or simply known as the Lower Rhine Province ( _de. Provinz Niederrhein) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and existed from 1815 to 1822.

The province was created after the Congress of Vienna in 1815 where Frederick William II was given the Rhineland and with it the title of Grand Duke of the Lower Rhine. This allowed Prussia to consolidate its Rhineland territories held since 1803, such as the Electorate of Trier, Manderscheid, Malmedy, the previously Free Imperial City of Aachen, most of the Palatinate region, parts of Luxembourg and Limburg, as well as a few other small territories. On 22 April 1816, these territories were combined to form the Grand Duchy of the Lower Rhine, with the provincial capital situated in Koblenz.

On 22 June 1822, by order of the Prussian cabinet, this province was fused with the neighbouring Province of Jülich-Cleves-Berg to form the Rhine Province.


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