Pyralidae


Pyralidae

Taxobox
name = Pyralidae



image_width = 250px
image_caption = "Sceliodes cordalis"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Arthropoda
classis = Insecta
ordo = Lepidoptera
unranked_familia = Obtectomera
superfamilia = Pyraloidea
familia = Pyralidae
familia_authority = Latreille, 1802
type_species = "Pyralis farinalis"
type_species_authority = Linnaeus, 1758
diversity = ? genera
c.6,150 species
diversity_link = Lepidopteran diversity
subdivision_ranks = Subfamilies
subdivision =
Acentropinae
Chrysauginae
Epipaschiinae
Galleriinae
Phycitinae
Pyralinae
The Pyralidae or snout moths are a family of Lepidoptera.

In many classifications, the Crambidae or grass moths have been treated as a sub-division of the Pyralidae, the combination being one of the largest families in the Lepidoptera. The latest review by Munroe & Solis, in Kristensen (1999)Fact|date=June 2007 retains the Crambidae as a full family.

Waxworms

Waxworms are the larvae of wax moths.

Harmful Pyralids

*sunflower moth, "Homoeosoma nebulella"
*Indianmeal moth, "Plodia interpunctella" - cosmopolitan pests, dining on stored grains, spices, and similar dry vegetable products
*meal moth, "Pyralis farinalis" - cosmopolitan, larvae infest store grain
*greater wax moth, "Galleria mellonella" - Parasite of bee hives
*lesser wax moth, "Achroia grisella" - Parasite of bee hives

Note that the European corn borer ("Ostrinia nubilalis") is located in the Crambidae which, as noted above, is currently regarded as a separate family.

Useful Pyralids

*alligator weed stem borer, "Arcola malloi" - a biological pest control agent used against the alligator weed
*water veneer, "Acentria ephemerella" - a biocontrol agent used against Eurasian watermilfoil

External Links

on the UF / IFAS Featured Creatures Web site

* [http://creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/veg/leaf/melonworm.htm "Diaphania hyalinata", melonworm]
* [http://creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/field/sugarcane_borer.htm "Diatraea saccharalis", sugarcane borer]
* [http://creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/trees/pine_coneworm.htm "Dioryctria amatella", southern pine coneworm]
* [http://creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/field/lesser_cornstalk_borer.htm "Elasmopalpus lignosellus", lesser cornstalk borer]
* [http://creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/orn/bromeliad_pod_borer.htm "Epimorius testaceellus", bromeliad pod borer]
* [http://creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/trees/moths/mahogany_borer-english.htm "Hypsipyla grandella", mahogany shoot borer]
* [http://creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/orn/trees/mahogany_webworm.htm "Macalla thyrsisalis", mahogany webworm]
* [http://creatures.ifas.ufl.edu/trees/moths/pine_webworm.htm "Pococera robustella", pine webworm]



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